Battell Chapel

Battell Chapel is the largest chapel of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Built in 1874–76, it was funded primarily with gifts from Joseph Battell and others of his family. Succeeding two previous chapel buildings on Yale's Old Campus, it provided space for daily chapel services, which were mandatory for Yale College students until 1926. Together with Durfee Hall and Farnam Hall, the chapel was part of a program begun in the 1870s to build up the perimeter of Old Campus and separate it from the rest of the city. These three buildings, all by the same architect, were among the first at Yale to be named for donors rather than function, location, or legislative funding.

Battell Chapel
Battell Chapel.jpg
Battell Chapel in 2019
General information
Architectural styleHigh Victorian Gothic
Address400 College Street
Town or cityNew Haven, Connecticut
CountryUnited States
Construction started1874
Completed1876
ClientYale University
Design and construction
ArchitectRussell Sturgis, Jr.

Battell Chapel is one of the locations on the Connecticut Freedom Trail.

ConstructionEdit

The building is a masonry structure of New Jersey brownstone, and decorative elements are made of blue Ohio sandstone.[1] A flat coffered ceiling that covers the auditorium is constructed of wooden beams and painted blue with gold leaf. Interior wood paneling and pews are solid oak.[1]

Iconography and ornamentEdit

 
Battell Chapel altar
 
A window depicting Seneca, by Maitland Armstrong, commemorating Thomas Anthony Thacher

On the chapel's upper pier walls appear the symbols of the Greek Cross and the Shield of the Trinity, emphasizing Yale's conservative Trinitarianist Congregational religious heritage.[1]

The Battell Chapel clock, with chimes consisting of five large bells that rang at each quarter hour, was at one time the clock to which others at Yale was synchronized; however, the chimes have been silent for years.[2] The organ was the gift of Joseph Battell's sister, Irene Battell Larned.

The Apse Memorial Windows were designed by the architect Russell Sturgis and installed by Slack, Booth & Co. of Orange, New Jersey in 1876. At the top of the center window appears the name of an early benefactor of Yale University, Elihu Yale, and around his name are the names of the first nine presidents of Yale College. Stained-glass windows flanking the nave commemorate benefactors and professors of Yale, many of whom were theologians. These include George Berkeley, Jonathan Edwards, Benjamin Silliman, James Luce Kingsley, Chauncey A. Goodrich, Nathaniel W. Taylor, Eleazar Thompson Fitch, Denison Olmstead, Edward C. Herrick, William A. Larned, Anthony D. Stanley, and James Hadley.[1]

Current useEdit

In the twenty-first century, Battell Chapel is the setting for the Sunday services of the University Church in Yale University, conducted by a Yale Chaplain. The chapel also serves as a concert hall and is the main performance venue for the Greater New Haven Youth Ensembles of Neighborhood Music School: The Greater New Haven Youth Orchestra, Chamber Orchestra, and Concert Orchestra as well as the Greater New Haven Symphonic Wind Ensemble and Concert Band.

ReferencesEdit

  • Patrick L. Pinnell, The Campus Guide: Yale University, Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 1999.
  1. ^ a b c d Kingsley, William L. (1879). "The Battell Chapel". In Kingsley, William L. (ed.). Yale College: A Sketch of Its History. New York: Henry Holt & Co. pp. 287–296.
  2. ^ Claire Zhang (7 October 2011). "Before our time: Battell Chapel's clock". The Yale Herald. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°18′32″N 72°55′41″W / 41.309°N 72.928°W / 41.309; -72.928