Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics
Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics was the first appearance of the sport of basketball as an official Olympic medal event. The tournament was played between 7 August and 14 August 1936 in Berlin, Germany. 23 (2 withdrew) nations entered the competition, making basketball the largest tournament of the team sports.
|1st Olympic Basketball Tournament|
|Olympics||1936 Summer Olympics|
|Duration||August 7 – August 14|
The IOC and International Basketball Federation, which is the governing body of international basketball, used the 1936 tournament to experiment with outdoor basketball. Lawn tennis courts were used for the competition. This caused problems when the weather was adverse, especially during the final game.
Note: The International Olympic Committee medal database shows only these players as medalists. They all played at least one match during the tournament. The reserve players are not listed as medalists.
Third round onwardsEdit
|Third round||Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Gold medal match|
|Poland||15||Bronze medal match|
|Preliminary round||5th place game|
Winners advanced to the second round. Losers competed in the first consolation round for another chance to move on.
|7 August 1936||Switzerland||25–18||Germany||Berlin, Germany|
|Scoring by half: 8–10, 17–8|
|7 August 1936||Japan||35–19||Republic of China||Berlin, Germany|
|Scoring by half: 15–10, 20–9|
First consolation roundEdit
Winners returned to the main competition for the second round. Losers were out of the tournament.
- Uruguay 17–10 Belgium
- China 45–38 France
- Egypt 33–23 Turkey
- Canada w/o Hungary
- Germany w/o Spain
Winners advanced to the third round. Losers competed in the second consolation round for another chance to move on.
- Philippines 32–30 Mexico
- Japan 43–31 Poland
- Uruguay 36–23 Egypt
- Peru 29–21 China
- United States 52–28 Estonia
- Italy 58–16 Germany
- Switzerland 25–12 Czechoslovakia
- Chile 23–18 Brazil
- Canada 34–23 Latvia
Second consolation roundEdit
- Poland def. Latvia, 28–23
- Brazil def. China, 32–14
- Mexico def. Egypt, 32–10
- Czechoslovakia def. Germany, 20–9
The third round was the first to cause automatic elimination for losers, with no consolation round. Winners advanced to the quarterfinals.
The United States and Peru had byes given, causing them to advance to the quarterfinals.
Winners of the quarterfinals advanced to the medals round, with losers playing in classification matches.
- United States 56–23 Philippines
- Mexico 24–17 Italy
- Canada 41–21 Uruguay
- Poland 2–0 Peru
- Philippines 32–14 Italy
- Uruguay w/o Peru
Peru forfeit: See above.
Fifth place matchEdit
- Philippines 33–23 Uruguay
Bronze medal matchEdit
|Scoring by half: 15–4, 4–4|
|Pts: Fortenberry 7|
The final was played outdoors on a dirt court in driving rain; due to the quagmire, the teams could not dribble, and the scoring was held to a minimum. Highest scorer in the game was Joe Fortenberry for the United States with seven points. In addition, there were virtually no seats for spectators, and almost all of the nearly 1,000 in attendance had to stand in the rain throughout the entire game.
|1936 Olympic Basketball Champions|
For the team rosters see: Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Men's team squads.
Each country was allowed to enter one team of 14 players and they all were eligible for participation; however, only seven were allowed to dress for competition at any one game.
A total of 199(*) basketball players from 23 (2 withdrew) nations competed at the Berlin Games:
- Belgium (8 – from a squad of 14)
- Brazil (8 – from a squad of 10)
- Canada (9 – from a squad of 14)
- Chile (7 – from a squad of 11)
- Republic of China (13 – from a squad of 14)
- Czechoslovakia (12 – from a squad of 12)
- Egypt (7 – from a squad of 10)
- Estonia (8 – from a squad of 11)
- France (11 – from a squad of 14)
- Germany (10 – from a squad of 14)
- Italy (13 – from a squad of 14)
- Japan (8 – from a squad of 11)
- Latvia (7 – from a squad of 11)
- Mexico (11 – from a squad of 11)
- Peru (9 – from a squad of 13)
- Philippines (9 – from a squad of 12)
- Poland (10 – from a squad of 14)
- Switzerland (8 – from a squad of 13)
- Turkey (8 – from a squad of 10)
- United States (14)
- Uruguay (9 – from a squad of 13)
(*) NOTE: There are only players counted, which participated in one game at least.
Not all reserve players are known.