Banihal Pass

Banihal Pass (Hindi: बनिहाल दर्रा Urdu: بانہال درا) is a mountain pass across the Pir Panjal Range at a maximum elevation of 2,832 m (9,291 ft). It connects the Kashmir Valley in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the outer Himalaya and the plains to the south. In the Kashmiri language, "Banihāl" means blizzard.[1]

Banihal Pass
Banihal Pass.jpg
Banihal Pass, (pic: Shoaib Tantray)
Elevation2,832 m (9,291 ft)
RangePir Panjal, Himalayas
Coordinates33°31′N 75°16′E / 33.517°N 75.267°E / 33.517; 75.267Coordinates: 33°31′N 75°16′E / 33.517°N 75.267°E / 33.517; 75.267
Banihal Pass is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Banihal Pass
Banihal Pass is located in India
Banihal Pass

The road from Jammu to Srinagar transversed Banihal Pass until 1956 when the Jawahar Tunnel was constructed under the pass. The road now passes through the tunnel and the Banihal Pass is no longer used for road transport.

The Banihal pass is the place where the scene change you will see a sharp change in nature and mountains. The natural surroundings of Kashmir unfold themselves on the journey both through the Banihal and the Jehlum valley roads.

Zaban Glacier is a famous hill station located in the Sanglaab Valley, close to the Banihal Pass. This glacier is situated to the west of the village of Khairkoot. The glacier is almost 2 km long in the lap of Sundur Top (3,660 m above sea level) Zaban Glacier is also the origin of Bachliri Nallaha, the main tributary of the Chenab River. Local tourists visit this glacier from March to mid-May. The glacier is connected by road to the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway, en route from Nowgam. It is almost 3 km from Nowgam and 2 km from Sanglaab colony.


  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Online. "Banihāl Pass". Archived from the original on 4 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-17.