Baiersdorf is a town in the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt, in northern Bavaria, Germany.

Baiersdorf
Aerial view of the town center
Aerial view of the town center
Coat of arms of Baiersdorf
Coat of arms
Location of Baiersdorf within Erlangen-Höchstadt district
Baiersdorf in ERH.svg
Baiersdorf is located in Germany
Baiersdorf
Baiersdorf
Baiersdorf is located in Bavaria
Baiersdorf
Baiersdorf
Coordinates: 49°39′N 11°1′E / 49.650°N 11.017°E / 49.650; 11.017Coordinates: 49°39′N 11°1′E / 49.650°N 11.017°E / 49.650; 11.017
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionMittelfranken
DistrictErlangen-Höchstadt
Subdivisions4 districts
Government
 • MayorAndreas Galster (CSU)
Area
 • Total11.79 km2 (4.55 sq mi)
Elevation
269 m (883 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,794
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
91083
Dialling codes09133
Vehicle registrationERH
Websitewww.baiersdorf.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

The major part of Baiersdorf is idyllically situated on a terrace which preserves the town from being flooded by the close Regnitz river. It is located exactly between Erlangen (eight kilometers in the south) and Forchheim (eight kilometers in the north).

Neighbor cities are Forchheim, Poxdorf, Langensendelbach, Bubenreuth, Möhrendorf and Hausen.

Division of the townEdit

Baiersdorf consists of 4 districts

  • Baiersdorf
  • Hagenau
  • Igelsdorf
  • Wellerstadt

HistoryEdit

Baiersdorf was first mentioned in 1062 AD and has been chartered since 1460.

As Baiersdorf is famous for farming and processing horseradish, the Meerrettich Museum for horseradish ("the spiciest museum of the world") is located in the old center of the town. A horseradish queen is even chosen every year on the third Saturday in September. The margrave Johann der Alchimist (1401–1464) started the cultivation of horseradish in the region.

Baiersdorf's Jewish cemetery attests to the fact that the town has been home to Jews since the 15th century. Among others the family of Joseph Seligman who emigrated to the United States and founded an international bank lived there.

Joseph's brother James who later followed him to the United States, is the grandfather of American art collector and socialite Peggy Guggenheim.[2][3]

The district of Hagenau was founded in 1939 as a German Luftwaffe base. French prisoners of war lived there. After 1945, Hagenau was a home for refugees from the Sudetenland. Today it is a part of the town, and the Karl Höfner Corporation is located there, world famous for its guitars and bass guitars.

In July 2007, the town was flooded by torrential rain. Over 1000 homes were flooded, and the Bundesautobahn was temporarily closed to traffic.

GovernmentEdit

The City Council consists of 21 members, including the mayor.

  • CSU 9 + 1 Seats
  • SPD 4 Seats
  • FW 4 Seats
  • Ökologische Wählergemeinschaft 3 Seats

Culture and sightsEdit

MuseumsEdit

  • Horseradish-Museum

MonumentsEdit

  • A Jewish cemetery reminds of the Jewish residents of the town which were persecuted in Nazi Germany and killed during the Holocaust
  • Monument for the Castle Scharfeneck
  • The old Town Hall with a pillory in which the Greek restaurant "Irodion" is located today.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Joseph Seligman

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Benjamin Guggenheim
  3. ^ Guggenheim family

External linksEdit