Bahamian pineyards

The Bahamian pineyards are a tropical and subtropical coniferous forest ecoregion in the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Bahamian pineyards
Pinus caribaea bahamensis USFWS.jpg
South Andros, The Bahamas
Biometropical and subtropical coniferous forests
BordersBahamian dry forests and Greater Antilles mangroves
Area2,100 km2 (810 sq mi)
CountriesThe Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands
Conservation statusCritical/endangered


The Bahamian pineyards cover an area of 2,100 km2 (810 sq mi).[1][2] Pineyards are found on four of the northern islands in the Bahamas: Andros, Abaco, Grand Bahama, where they cover half of the island,[3] and New Providence, as well as the Caicos Islands.


Pineyards are dominated by Bahamian pine (Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis), while pinepink (Bletia purpurea), bushy beard grass (Andropogon glomeratus), southern bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum), Florida clover ash (Tetrazygia bicolor), Bahamian trumpet tree (Tabebuia bahamensis), West Indian snowberry (Chiococca alba), devil's gut (Cassytha filiformis), poisonwood (Metopium toxiferum), coontie (Zamia integrifolia) and thatch palm (Coccothrinax argentata) grow in the understory. Without regular wildfires, pineyards will be supplanted by broadleafed coppice. Young Bahamian pines require extensive amounts of sunlight to grow, and are resistant to fire once they become adults.[4]


Fauna found in the pine forests includes rock iguanas (Cyclura spp.), boas (Epicrates spp.), the West Indian woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris), the Bahama woodstar (Calliphlox evelynae), the Bahama yellowthroat, (Geothlypis rostrata), the Bahama nuthatch (Sitta insularis), and the buffy flower bat (Erophylla sezekorni). Kirtland's warblers (Dendroica kirtlandii) migrate every year from jack pine forests in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan to spend the winter in the Bahamian pineyards.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Bahamian pine forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  2. ^ "Fire Management Assessment of the Caribbean Pine (Pinus caribea) Forest Ecosystems on Andros, Abaco and Eleuthera Islands, Bahamas" (PDF). TNC Global Fire Initiative. The Nature Conservancy. September 2004. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
  3. ^ Moultrie, Erika. "The Ecosystems of Grand Bahama Island". Grand Bahama Island Tourism Board. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  4. ^ "Ecosystems Of The Bahamas". The Commonwealth of The Bahamas. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  5. ^ World Wildlife Fund, ed. (2001). "Bahamian pine forests". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08. Retrieved 2009-01-15.