Bad Liebenwerda is a spa town in the Elbe-Elster district, in southwestern Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated on the river Schwarze Elster, 57 km northwest of Dresden, and 28 km east of Torgau.

Bad Liebenwerda
The Lubwartturm, Bad Liebenwerda
The Lubwartturm, Bad Liebenwerda
Coat of arms of Bad Liebenwerda
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Liebenwerda within Elbe-Elster district
Bad Liebenwerda in EE.png
Bad Liebenwerda is located in Germany
Bad Liebenwerda
Bad Liebenwerda
Bad Liebenwerda is located in Brandenburg
Bad Liebenwerda
Bad Liebenwerda
Coordinates: 51°31′0″N 13°24′0″E / 51.51667°N 13.40000°E / 51.51667; 13.40000Coordinates: 51°31′0″N 13°24′0″E / 51.51667°N 13.40000°E / 51.51667; 13.40000
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictElbe-Elster
Government
 • MayorThomas Richter (CDU)
Area
 • Total138.41 km2 (53.44 sq mi)
Elevation
86 m (282 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total9,188
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
04924
Dialling codes035341
Vehicle registrationEE, FI, LIB
Websitewww.badliebenwerda.de

HistoryEdit

The first written mention is from the Lievenwerde in 1231. The meaning of the name is Live, or Lieb for life or lovely, and -werde from werda meaning island, high place in water. The document mentions an Otto of Ileburg, Vogt of Lievenwerde, and Plebanus Walterus, a priest.

Liebenwerda has a moated castle with a keep known as the Lubwartturm. The first mention as Liebenwerda as a city is from 1304. Liebenwerda was part of the Electorate of Saxony and Kingdom of Saxony until 1815; as a result of the Congress of Vienna the area became a district in the Kingdom of Prussia. The town has had a health spa since 1905, and in 1925 the word Bad was prefixed to its name.

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 7,715—    
1890 8,058+0.29%
1910 9,075+0.60%
1925 9,943+0.61%
1933 10,257+0.39%
1939 11,012+1.19%
1946 14,574+4.08%
1950 14,459−0.20%
1964 13,316−0.59%
1971 13,548+0.25%
1981 12,690−0.65%
1985 12,445−0.49%
1989 12,123−0.65%
1990 11,937−1.53%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 11,703−1.96%
1992 11,677−0.22%
1993 11,733+0.48%
1994 11,638−0.81%
1995 11,649+0.09%
1996 11,574−0.64%
1997 11,590+0.14%
1998 11,593+0.03%
1999 11,483−0.95%
2000 11,326−1.37%
2001 11,231−0.84%
2002 11,068−1.45%
2003 10,981−0.79%
2004 10,866−1.05%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 10,720−1.34%
2006 10,573−1.37%
2007 10,391−1.72%
2008 10,236−1.49%
2009 10,038−1.93%
2010 9,973−0.65%
2011 9,772−2.02%
2012 9,634−1.41%
2013 9,486−1.54%
2014 9,411−0.79%
2015 9,305−1.13%
2016 9,283−0.24%
2017 9,282−0.01%

Culture and architectureEdit

Bad Liebenwerda is home of the Gothic church of St. Nikolai. The tower of the church was rebuilt at the end of the 19th century after lightning struck the tower and caused a fire. The Lubwartturm, a tower was built around 1207 as part of the moated castle, is the oldest building in town. Next to this tower is the museum with an exhibition on the composer Carl Heinrich Graun and his brothers. Also is there an exhibition on Marionettes, other puppets and puppeteers of south-east Germany.

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

  • Gotthard Fritzsche (1797-1863), theologian and founder of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Australia
  • Ernst Theodor Echtermeyer (1805-1844), philosopher and philologist
  • Ernst Eberhard (1843-1909), popular science writer
  • Erich Müller (1897-1980), writer

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Homepage der Stadt Bad Liebenwerda
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Bad Liebenwerda at Wikimedia Commons