Bad Langensalza (until 1956: Langensalza) is a spa town of 17,500 inhabitants in the district of Unstrut-Hainich, Thuringia, Germany.

Bad Langensalza
The historical centre of Bad Langensalza
The historical centre of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Langensalza within Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis district
Bad Langensalza in UH.png
Bad Langensalza is located in Germany
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza is located in Thuringia
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667
CountryGermany
StateThuringia
DistrictUnstrut-Hainich-Kreis
Government
 • MayorMatthias Reinz (Ind.)
Area
 • Total129.37 km2 (49.95 sq mi)
Elevation
202 m (663 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total17,441
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
99941–99947
Dialling codes03603
Vehicle registrationUH
Websitewww.badlangensalza.de

HistoryEdit

 
Langensalza in 1750.

The town was first mentioned in historical records ca. 932, as a village named "Salzaha". The town's name was changed to Langensalza ca. 1578, and "Bad" ("Spa") added to the name in 1956.

In 1075, Langensalza was the site of a battle, in which Emperor Henry IV won over the rebelling Saxons and Thuringians.

The town was plundered and damaged by fires during the Thirty Years' War (c. 1632). Fires again destroyed large parts of the town in 1711, including complete destruction of the town hall, which was rebuilt between 1742-1752.

War again affected the town during 1756-1763, during the Seven Years' War; it was the scene of a battle in February 1761. In 1815 Langensalza became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1866 it was again the site of a battle between Prussia and Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War.[2]

American troops occupied the town in 1945.

Local councilEdit

The elections in May 2014 showed the following results:[3]

Party / List Vote share Seats
CDU 29,4 % 7
The Left 20,2 % 5
SPD 14,7 % 3
FDP 20,4 % 5
WIR (=We) 15,3 % 4

Main sightsEdit

Langensalza is something of a tourist spot, with a well-preserved medieval old town, a number of themed public gardens and a thermal spa bath.[4]

Sulphur springs were discovered in 1811 and opened to the public as a curative bath in 1812. A new version of the public sulphur bath was opened in 1928. Salt and mineral water springs were discovered in 1996, which prompted the opening of many new curative facilities. Today a modern thermal bath attracts many visitors.

Bad Langensalza contains a Botanical Garden, along with a Rose Garden, and an Arboretum. It is one of the few European towns with an authentic Japanese Garden. Bad Langensalza is also close to the Hainich National Park, which comprises some of Germany's oldest deciduous forest.

The town is on the German Timber-Frame Road (Fachwerkstraße) and is notable for the number of well-preserved medieval timber-frame (Fachwerk) houses.

Travertine stone has been mined in the town since medieval times, and is still carved there today. It forms the distinctive white stonework of the old town.

International relationsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

 
Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2018". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2019.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Langensalza" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174.
  3. ^ Bekanntmachung des Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik, abgerufen am 24. März 2016
  4. ^ https://www.badlangensalza.de/en/

External linksEdit

GalleryEdit