Bad Kötzting

Bad Kötzting (German: [baːt ˈkœt͡stɪŋ] (About this soundlisten); before 2005: Kötzting) is a town in the district of Cham, in Bavaria, Germany, near the Czech border. It is situated in the Bavarian Forest, 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Cham.

Bad Kötzting
Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
Coat of arms of Bad Kötzting
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Kötzting within Cham district
Bad Kötzting in CHA.svg
Bad Kötzting is located in Germany
Bad Kötzting
Bad Kötzting
Bad Kötzting is located in Bavaria
Bad Kötzting
Bad Kötzting
Coordinates: 49°10′37″N 12°51′18″E / 49.17694°N 12.85500°E / 49.17694; 12.85500Coordinates: 49°10′37″N 12°51′18″E / 49.17694°N 12.85500°E / 49.17694; 12.85500
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberpfalz
DistrictCham
Government
 • MayorMarkus Hofmann (FW)
Area
 • Total62.17 km2 (24.00 sq mi)
Elevation
409 m (1,342 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,480
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
93444
Dialling codes0 99 41
Vehicle registrationCHA, KÖZ, ROD, WÜM
Websitewww.bad-koetzting.de

OverviewEdit

Bad Kötzting has the charming character of a small town and offers quite a variety of attractions for tourists. The locals pride themselves with having one of the largest mounted religious processions in the world, the "Kötztinger Pfingstritt". Legend has it that in the year 1412, a man who got injured during forestry was asking for the last rites before dying in a village approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) away from Kötzting. The local priest was unable to comply with the wishes of the man because he needed protection from bears, wolves, and other dangers luring along the way. After asking the young men of the village to protect him, they accompanied the priest to the dying man. After a safe journey, the participants vowed to repeat the ride every year. That is how it remained ever since. Every Whit Monday, the ride of over 900 horses and riders is repeated. The horses wear ornaments and the riders wear traditional Bavarian clothes. The ride starts in Kötzting and goes to the village "Steinbühl", where according to the legend, the man asking for anointment, was dying. Only men from the region are allowed to participate in the procession, the participating horses, however, come from all over Bavaria.[2] The annual fair is also in town when the procession takes place. A local "Bierzelt" and numerous rides invite the public.

GalleryEdit

Impressions from the Kötztinger Pfingstritt, 2001[3]

Administrative divisionEdit

Bad Kötzting is divided into 51 districts:[4]

There are nine Gemarkungen within the municipality area: Arndorf, Bad Kötzting, Gehstorf, Haus, Liebenstein, Sackenried, Traidersdorf, Weißenregen und Wettzell.[5]

Historical eventsEdit

  • 1085 AD: First public recording of "Chostingen".
  • 1151: Pope Eugenius III confirms privileges and rights of possession to Abbey Rott.
  • 1204: A common court ("Schranne") is established in Kötzting.
  • c. 1260: Grant of Market status.
  • 1344: Emperor Louis IV confirms the market status.
  • c. 1425: Continuous attacks by the Hussites.
  • 1583: Bubonic plague strikes the village and surrounding areas.
  • 1614: Ownership of land by Abbey Rott is refuted.
  • 1633: Thirty Years' War (1618–1648): Swedish forces burn down Kötzting.
  • 1648: Thirty Years' War: Last attack by Swedish forces and repeated outbreak of the plague.
  • 1770: Widespread starvation throughout the Bavarian Forest.
  • 1805: Kötzting becomes an independent parish.
  • 1837: As part of a rezoning measure, Kötzting becomes part of the district of Lower Bavaria.
  • 1867: Much of the village burns down in a fire covering large parts of the town.
  • 1953: Kötzting is granted the status of a town.
  • 1965: A military garrison is established in Kötzting.
  • 1972: The county of Kötzting is dissolved and the county becomes part of the county of Cham. Hence, Kötzting becomes part of the district of Upper Palatinate.
  • 1986: Recognition as Climatic Spa.
  • 1990: Laureate in competition "Gastliches Bayern" (guest friendly Bavaria).
  • 1992: Opening of the Spa Gardens "Auwiesen".
  • '1994 Title of "recreational locality" for all parts of the town.
  • 1995: Recognition as "Garden Spa" in the tradition of Father Sebastian Kneipp.
  • 2000: Grand Opening of the Casino in Kötzting.
  • 2002: Expansion of the Spa Gardens "Auwiesen".
  • 2004: Closure of the Garrison "Hohenbogen".
  • 2005: Opening of the Open-Air and Adventure Bath ("Bathing world") AQACUR, title of Kneipp-Therapeutic Spa, and change of name to Bad Kötzting.

MayorEdit

  • Since 2014: Markus Hofmann (b. 1975) [6]

International relationsEdit

 
New Town hall Bad Kötzting

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Bad Kötzting is a founding member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals.[7][8] Discussions regarding membership are also in hand with three further towns (Agros in Cyprus, Škofja Loka in Slovenia, and Tryavna in Bulgaria).

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ "deutschland-tourismus.de".
  3. ^ Bohnenstengel, A. (2002): Bayern, Seite 24–27
  4. ^ Stadt Bad Kötzting in the location database of the Bavarian State Library Online. Bavarian State Library
  5. ^ „Gemarkungs- und Gemeindeverzeichnis“: Bayerisches Gemarkungsverzeichnis (ZIP archive with text file)
  6. ^ http://www.wahlen.bayern.de/kommunalwahlen/
  7. ^ "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  8. ^ "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2009-10-21.