Bad Kötzting (before 2005: Kötzting; Northern Bavarian: Bad Ketzing) is a town in the district of Cham, in Bavaria, Germany, near the Czech border. It is situated in the Bavarian Forest, 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Cham.

Bad Kötzting
Koetzting.jpg
Coat of arms of Bad Kötzting
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Kötzting within Cham district
Bad Kötzting in CHA.svg
Bad Kötzting is located in Germany
Bad Kötzting
Bad Kötzting
Bad Kötzting is located in Bavaria
Bad Kötzting
Bad Kötzting
Coordinates: 49°10′37″N 12°51′18″E / 49.17694°N 12.85500°E / 49.17694; 12.85500Coordinates: 49°10′37″N 12°51′18″E / 49.17694°N 12.85500°E / 49.17694; 12.85500
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberpfalz
DistrictCham
Government
 • MayorMarkus Hofmann (Freie Wähler)
Area
 • Total62.17 km2 (24.00 sq mi)
Elevation
409 m (1,342 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,498
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
93444
Dialling codes0 99 41
Vehicle registrationCHA, KÖZ, ROD, WÜM
Websitewww.bad-koetzting.de

OverviewEdit

Bad Kötzting has the charming character of a small town and offers quite a variety of attractions for tourists. The locals pride themselves with having one of the largest mounted religious processions in the world, the "Kötztinger Pfingstritt". Legend has it that in the year 1412, a man who got injured during forestry was asking for the last rites before dying in a village approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) away from Kötzting. The local priest was unable to comply with the wishes of the man because he needed protection from bears, wolves, and other dangers luring along the way. After asking the young men of the village to protect him, they accompanied the priest to the dying man. After a safe journey, the participants vowed to repeat the ride every year. That is how it remained ever since. Every Whit Monday, the ride of over 900 horses and riders is repeated. The horses wear ornaments and the riders wear traditional Bavarian clothes. The ride starts in Kötzting and goes to the village "Steinbühl", where according to the legend, the man asking for anointment, was dying. Only men from the region are allowed to participate in the procession, the participating horses, however, come from all over Bavaria.[2] The annual fair is also in town when the procession takes place. A local "Bierzelt" and numerous rides invite the public.

GalleryEdit

Impressions from the Kötztinger Pfingstritt, 2001[3]

Administrative divisionEdit

Historical eventsEdit

1085 AD. First public recording of "Chostingen".
1151 Pope Eugenius III. confirms privileges and rights of possession to Abbey Rott.
1204 A common court ("Schranne") is established in Kötzting.
1260 ~ Grant of Market status.
1344 Emperor Louis IV confirmed the market status.
1425 ~ Continuous attacks by the Hussites.
1583 "Black Death" (plague) strikes the village and surrounding areas.
1614 Ownership of land by Abbey Rott is refuted.
1633 Swedish forces burn down Kötzting (Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648)
1648 Last attack by Swedish forces and repeated outbreak of the plague.
1770 Widespread starvation throughout the Bavarian Forrest.
1805 Kötzting becomes independent parish.
1837 As part of a rezoning measure, Kötzting becomes part of the district Lower Bavaria.
1867 Much of the village burns down in a fire covering large parts of the town.
1953 Kötzting is granted the status of a town.
1965 A military garrison is established in Kötzting.
1972 The county of Kötzting is dissolved and the county becomes part of the county of Cham. Hence, Kötzting becomes part of the district of Upper Palatinate.
1986 Recognition as Climatic Spa.
1990 Laureate in competition "Gastliches Bayern" (guest friendly Bavaria).
1992 Opening of the Spa Gardens "Auwiesen".
1994 Title of "recreational locality" for all parts of the town.
1995 Recognition as "Garden Spa" in the tradition of Father Sebastian Kneipp.
2000 Grand Opening of the Casino in Kötzting.
2002 Expansion of the Spa Gardens "Auwiesen".
2004 Closure of the Garrison "Hohenbogen".
2005 Opening of the Open-Air and Adventure Bath ("Bathing world") AQACUR, title of Kneipp-Therapeutic Spa, and change of name to Bad Kötzting.

MayorEdit

  • Since 2014: Markus Hofmann (* 1975) [6]

International relationsEdit

 
New Town hall Bad Kötzting

Twin towns - Sister citiesEdit

Bad Kötzting is a founding member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals.[7][8] Discussions regarding membership are also in hand with three further towns (Agros in Cyprus, Škofja Loka in Slovenia, and Tryavna in Bulgaria).

  Altea, Spain - 1991
  Bad Kötzting, Germany - 1991
  Bellagio, Italy - 1991
  Bundoran, Ireland - 1991
  Granville, France - 1991
  Holstebro, Denmark - 1991
  Houffalize, Belgium - 1991
  Meerssen, the Netherlands - 1991
  Niederanven, Luxembourg - 1991
  Preveza, Greece - 1991
  Sesimbra, Portugal - 1991
  Sherborne, United Kingdom - 1991
  Karkkila, Finland - 1997
  Oxelösund, Sweden - 1998
  Judenburg, Austria - 1999
  Chojna, Poland - 2004
  Kőszeg, Hungary - 2004
  Sigulda, Latvia - 2004
  Sušice, Czech Republic - 2004
  Türi, Estonia - 2004
  Zvolen, Slovakia - 2007
  Prienai, Lithuania - 2008
  Marsaskala, Malta - 2009
  Siret, Romania - 2010

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "deutschland-tourismus.de".
  3. ^ Bohnenstengel, A. (2002): Bayern, Seite 24–27
  4. ^ Stadt Bad Kötzting in the location database of the Bavarian State Library Online. Bavarian State Library
  5. ^ „Gemarkungs- und Gemeindeverzeichnis“: Bayerisches Gemarkungsverzeichnis (ZIP archive with text file)
  6. ^ http://www.wahlen.bayern.de/kommunalwahlen/
  7. ^ "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  8. ^ "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2009-10-21.