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BBVA Compass Bancshares, Inc. (formerly Compass Bancshares) is a bank holding company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama. It has been a subsidiary of the Spanish multinational Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria since 2007 and operates chiefly in Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, New Mexico, and Texas.
|Founded||March 2, 1964|
|Founder||Harry B. Brock Jr.|
Birmingham, Alabama, USA
|Javier Rodriguez, CEO|
|Total assets||$90.947 billion (2018)|
|Total equity||$12.092 billion (2018)|
Number of employees
|Footnotes / references|
The company is the 30th largest bank in the United States.
BBVA Compass is an official sponsor of the NBA and holds naming rights to BBVA Compass Stadium, a soccer venue in Houston. From 2011 to 2014, BBVA Compass was the title sponsor of the Birmingham Bowl (then called the BBVA Compass Bowl), a college football bowl game played annually in Birmingham.
The company was founded on March 2, 1964 as the Central Bank and Trust Company by Harry B. Brock Jr., Schuyler Baker and Hugh Daniel with $1 million of capital. Other founding directors included Frank L. Hardy, John R. Israel, Wendell H. Taylor and Stewart Welch.
Soon later, Wally Nall, John Evins, Inos Heard, and Tom Jernigan joined the board.
In 1967, the company moved into a new 15-story new headquarters building on 20th Street South.
In 1969, Central made a hostile takeover bid for Decatur's State National Bank, the only bank that could open branches across county lines. The bid was supported by Hugh Agricola and other shareholders of the First National Bank of Gadsden, which had been bought by State National. It was financed by a $10 million line of credit from the Bank of Virginia, which was pioneering its own statewide banking company. By July, Central was able to assemble a voting trust representing about a third of State National's shares in advance of a public offering of $70 per share. The City National Bank of Birmingham, which had also been planning a merger, countered with $80 per share. Central instructed their brokers to buy as many shares as they could up to $85 and ended with enough shares to control State National's board.
In response, Alabama's other major banks filed several court actions in an attempt to block the merger. One action, brought in Federal Court, did succeed with blocking it, on the technicality that Alabama's banking laws, under which the state-chartered bank operated, were incompatible on a few points with Federal banking laws that governed the national banks in the area of mergers. While this finding was being appealed, banking lobbyists were pushing for new legislation that would prevent the merged company from being able to operate in more than one county. Brock and Central Bank's other officers personally lobbied against the bill, and though it would have passed easily, died in committee without reaching the floor for a vote.
The result of the failed bill was that statewide bank holding companies were recognized as a legal possibility for the first time, and the other major banks moved quickly to organize while Central was waiting for a decision on their appeal. Another group, led by Frank Plummer, Norman Pless, and Bob Lowery, was able to form Alabama's first statewide holding company while Central's appeal was pending. This group even stole Brock's intended name for Central's proposed holding company, First Alabama Bancshares–forerunner of Regions Financial Corporation. Central did win their appeal and reorganized as the Central and State National Corporation, which was soon renamed Central Bancshares of the South. In 1973 this new company issued a new stock offering to fuel the growth of the statewide network. In 1979, the bank opened a large branch office at 1560 Montgomery Highway in Hoover.
In 1981, Central and a coalition of other bank holding companies successfully lobbied for the Bank Merger Act, allowing statewide bank branching under a single banking company. For the next two years, Central Bancshares of the South was the largest bank holding company in Alabama.
The bank began pursuing interstate banking in the legislature, and was successful, again with the help of other big banks, in passing enabling legislation that took effect in 1986. The bank's first acquisition out of state was the failing First National Bank of Crosby, Texas in February 1987.
D. Paul Jones took over the CEO position from Brock in 1991. Jones blocked a sale of the bank to First Union that was favored by Brock. Soon afterward, the bank changed its name to Compass Bancshares to reflect its expansion outside the South.
In January 2008, Gary Hegel became CEO of the company.
In December 2008, Manolo Sanchez became CEO of the company.
On August 21, 2009, in a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation-supervised transaction, BBVA Compass acquired the deposits and other core assets of Guaranty Bank of Austin, Texas, which suffered from bank failure. The deal gave BBVA Compass a presence in California and expanded an existing presence in Texas.
In 2013, BBVA further expanded its regional presence with the opening of BBVA Compass Plaza, a 312,000 square foot office building in Houston.
BBVA Compass was one of over 30 banks accused of improperly manipulating customers’ checking account transactions to generate excess overdraft fees by posting them in highest-to-lowest dollar amount instead of in chronological order. In July 2012, the bank agreed to pay $11.5 million to settle the lawsuit.
In 2014, BBVA Compass disclosed that the results of its periodic examination for compliance with the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) would probably restrict its ability to engage in additional mergers and acquisitions until after its next scheduled examination. Since that disclosure, BBVA Compass has announced several actions to address the issues of community reinvestment, including committing $11 billion to community development lending, and retaining additional staff at the regional and national level to manage community development investment.
|First National Bank of Crosby, Texas||February 26, 1987|
|City National Bank of Plano, Texas||November 10, 1989|
|River Oaks Bancshares||March 28, 1991|
|Promenade Bancshares||July 31, 1991|
|FWNB Bancshares||December 22, 1992|
|Cornerstone Bancshares||January 19, 1993|
|First Federal Savings Bank of Northwest Florida||October 14, 1993|
|First Performance National Bank||January 27, 1994|
|First Heights Bank FSB||October 1, 1994|
|Equitable Bankshares||April 11, 1996|
|Post Oak Bank||April 19, 1996|
|CFB Bancorp||August 23, 1996|||
|Enterprise National Bank||January 15, 1997|||
|Horizon Bancorp||March 12, 1997|
|Central Texas Bancorp||July 15, 1997|||
|GSB Investments||January 13, 1998|
|Fidelity Resources Company||February 9, 1998|||
|Arizona Bank||December 15, 1998|||
|Norwest/Wells Fargo offices||April 19, 1999|
|Heartland Bank||October 20, 1999|
|Western Bancshares||January 13, 2000|||
|MegaBank Financial Corporation||April 3, 2000|||
|Founders Bank of Arizona||July 17, 2000|||
|FirsTier Corporation||January 4, 2001|||
|TexasBanc Holding Company||March 24, 2006|||
- "FDIC Bank Info: BBVA Compass (FDIC # 19048)". Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
- "Large Commercial Banks". Federal Reserve Board of Governors.
- Garrison, Greg (July 30, 2015). "Compass Bank founder Harry Brock turned Birmingham into a banking center". The Birmingham News.
- "Compass Bancshares Announces the Retirement of D. Paul Jones, Jr., Garrett R. Hegel to Succeed Jones as CEO and President" (Press release). Business Wire. December 12, 2007.
- "Compass Bank Introduces New Brand - BBVA Compass" (Press release). BBVA Compass. November 6, 2008.
- "BBVA Compass buys failed Guaranty Bank". American City Business Journals. August 21, 2009.
- Feser, Katherine (November 6, 2015). "Deal of the Week: New owner for BBVA Compass Plaza". Houston Chronicle.
- Williams, Roy L. (October 2, 2009). "BBVA Compass aims to make rules clear with new credit card". The Birmingham News .
- Susannah, Nesmith (July 3, 2012). "BBVA Compass Settles Overdraft Suit for $11.5 Million". Bloomberg News. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Form 10-Q, BBVA Compass Bancshares, Inc". U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission. November 13, 2014.
- Cole, Antrenise (August 14, 2014). "BBVA Compass could face "restrictions" on new branches, certain mergers and acquisitions". American City Business Journals.
- "BBVA Compass announces the hiring of community relations officers to coordinate bank's efforts" (Press release). PR Newswire. September 3, 2014.
- "BBVA Compass names new executive to oversee its Community Reinvestment Act program" (Press release). PR Newswire. September 29, 2014.
- "BBVA Compass pledges $11 billion to community development program" (Press release). PR Newswire. November 6, 2014.
- "BBVA Compass names Garanti Bank's Onur Genç as CEO" (Press release). PR Newswire. December 21, 2016.
- "Institutions Acquired by BBVA COMPASS BANCSHARES, INC. (1078529)". Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council.
- "Compass Bancshares, Inc. acquires Enterprise National Bank". American City Business Journals. January 15, 1997.
- "Compass Bancshares acquires Central Texas Bancorp". American City Business Journals. January 28, 1997.
- Cawley, Rusty (October 26, 1997). "Compass to acquire Fidelity's 14 Dallas banks in stock swap". American City Business Journals.
- Vandeveire, Mary (July 12, 1998). "Arizona Bank joining forces with Compass". American City Business Journals.
- "COMPASS BANCSHARES TO ACQUIRE MEGABANK FINANCIAL". The New York Times. Dow Jones & Company. November 6, 1999.
- "Compass Bancshares to acquire Founders Bank". American City Business Journals. April 19, 2000.
- Svaldi, Aldo (January 5, 2001). "Compass completes deal for FirsTier". Denver Post.
- "Compass buying $880 million FirsTier Corp. in Denver". American City Business Journals. September 6, 2000.
- "Compass Bancshares Completes Acquisition of Fort Worth-Based TexasBanc Holding Co.; Combination creates the fifth largest bank in Texas; #4 ranking in deposit market share in Metroplex" (Press release). Business Wire. March 27, 2006.
- Alden, William (February 20, 2014). "BBVA Buys Banking Start-Up Simple for $117 Million". The New York Times.(subscription required)