Atikah bint Murrah

Ātikah bint Murrah ibn Hilāl ibn Fālij ibn Dhakwān (Arabic: عاتكة بنت مرة‎) (fl. 5th century CE) was a Hawazin heiress, and the mother of Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf, thus the great-great-grandmother of Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Ātikah bint Murrah
Known forAncestor of Muhammad
Spouse(s)Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
ChildrenHashim ibn 'Abd Manaf (son)
Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Parent(s)Murrah ibn Hilal (father)
Safiya (mother)

FamilyEdit

She was son of Murrah ibn Hilal and Safiya bint Awf, cousin of Murrah. Atikah was a woman from Banu Hawazin. She married a leader of Banu Ka'b ibn Lu'ayy, Abd Manaf ibn Qusay. By him, she had many sons. The sons are: al-Muttalib (المطلب), Amr/Hashim (عمرو/هاشم) dan Abd Shams (عبد الشمس). The daughters are: Barrah (برة), Halah (هالة), Tumāḍir (تماضر), Qilabah (قلابة), Hayyah (حياة), Rayta (ريطة), Kathamah (خثامة) and Sufyanah (سفيانة).

BiographyEdit

Atikah was wife of Abd Manaf ibn Qusai. The birth of her conjoined twin sons 'Amr (more commonly known as Hashim) and 'Abd Shams was remembered for 'Amr being born with one of his toes pressed into 'Abd Shams's forehead. It was said that they had struggled in the womb seeking to be firstborn. Legend says that their father Abd Manaf ibn Qusai separated the conjoined brothers with a sword and that some priests believed that the blood that had flown between them signified wars between their progeny (confrontations did occur between Banu al'Abbas and Banu Ummaya ibn 'Abd Shams in the year 750 AH).[1][2]

Atikah also bore Abd Manaf ibn Qusai three other sons; Muttalib, and six daughters; Barrah, Halah, Tumadir/Tamadur, Qilaba, Hayya, Raytah/Rita, Khathamah, Sufyanah

Notable descendantsEdit

Quraysh tribe
(detailed tree)
Waqida bint AmrAbd Manaf ibn QusaiĀtikah bint Murrah
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf‘Abd ShamsBarraHalaMuṭṭalib ibn Abd ManafHashimSalma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd ShamsʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
HarbAbū al-ʿĀsʿĀminahʿAbdallāhHamzaAbī ṬālibAz-Zubayral-ʿAbbās Abū Lahab
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harbal-ḤakamʿUthmānʿAffānMUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
Khadija bint KhuwaylidʿAlī
(Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'farʿAbd Allāh
Muʿāwiyah IMarwān IʿUthmān ibn ʿAffānRuqayyahFatimahMuhammad ibn al-HanafiyyahʿAli ibn ʿAbdallāh
SufyanidsMarwanids al-Ḥasanal-Ḥusayn
(Family tree)
Abu Hashim
(Imām of al-Mukhtār and Hashimiyya)
Muhammad
"al-Imām"

(Abbasids)
Ibrāhim "al-Imām"al-Saffāḥal-Mansur

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ibn Kathir; Le Gassick, Trevor; Fareed, Muneer. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad: Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya. p. 132.
  2. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "The Prophet's Family Line No. 4 – Amr (Hashim), the Founder of the Hashimites". Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 4 August 2011.