Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metres

The men's 400 metres was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. The competition was held on Friday, July 12, 1912, and on Saturday, July 13, 1912. Forty-nine runners from 16 nations competed.[1] NOCs could enter up to 12 athletes.[2] The event was won by Charles Reidpath of the United States, the nation's fourth title in the event. Hanns Braun of Germany took silver, the nation's first medal in the men's 400 metres.

Men's 400 metres
at the Games of the V Olympiad
1912 Athletics men's 400 metre final2.JPG
Reidpath winning gold with Braun in the foreground.
VenueStockholm Olympic Stadium
DatesJuly 12 (heats, semifinals)
July 13 (final)
Competitors49 from 16 nations
Winning time48.2 WR
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Charles Reidpath  United States
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Hanns Braun  Germany
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Edward Lindberg  United States
← 1908
1920 →

BackgroundEdit

It was the fifth appearance of the event, which is one of 12 athletics events to have been held at every Summer Olympics. None of the finalists from 1908 returned. The favorites were all among by the American team: 1909 and 1911 AAU champion Edward Lindberg, 1911 IC4A champion Donnell Young, and 1912 IC4A champion Charles Reidpath.[3]

Australasia, Austria, Bohemia, Japan, Portugal, Russia, and South Africa appeared in the event for the first time. The United States made its fifth appearance in the event, the only nation to compete in it at every Olympic Games to that point.

Competition formatEdit

The competition consisted of three rounds. The first round had 15 heats, ranging from 1 to 6 runners. The top two runners in each heat advanced to the semifinals. The semifinal was to consist of 5 heats of 6 runners each, but one semifinal had only 5 runners because one preliminary heat had only had 1 runner. Only the top runner in each semifinal heat advanced, making a five-man final. The first two rounds were run without lanes, but an incident in the last semifinal resulted in the final being held with strings demarking lanes.[3][4]

RecordsEdit

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1912 Summer Olympics.

World record   Maxie Long (USA) 47.8(*) New York, United States 29 September 1900
Olympic record   Wyndham Halswelle (GBR) 48.4(**) London, United Kingdom 22 July 1908

(*) unofficial 440 yards (= 402.34 m)

(**) This track was 536.45 metres=​13 mile in circumference.

The Olympic record of 48.4 seconds, set at the previous Olympics, fell in the final. Charles Reidpath broke the record with a 48.2 second performance. Reidpath's time was ratified by the IAAF as the inaugural official world record. Hanns Braun also broke the old Olympic record and Edward Lindberg tied it, en route to silver and bronze medals, respectively.

ScheduleEdit

Date Time Round
Friday, 12 July 1912 11:00
16:15
Round 1
Semifinals
Saturday, 13 July 1912 15:00 Final

ResultsEdit

HeatsEdit

All heats were held on Friday, July 12, 1912.

Heat 1Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 James Rosenberger   United States 50.6 Q
2 Charles Poulenard   France 50.7 Q
3 Wladyslaw Ponurski   Austria Unknown
Claude Ross   Australasia DNF

Heat 2Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Ernest Haley   Great Britain 1:06.6 Q
2 Mel Sheppard   United States 1:06.6 Q

Heat 3Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Hanns Braun   Germany 50.6 Q
2 Ted Meredith   United States Unknown Q
3 Armando Cortesão   Portugal Unknown

Heat 4Edit

 
Heat 4:Paul Zerling leads Yahiko Mishima.
Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Paul Zerling   Sweden 55.4 Q
2 Yahiko Mishima   Japan 55.5 Q

Heat 5Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Charles Lelong   France 50.2 Q
2 Donnell Young   United States 50.4 Q
3 István Déván   Hungary Unknown
4 Gustav Möller   Sweden Unknown

Heat 6Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Knut Stenborg   Sweden 1:01.6 Q

Heat 7Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Carroll Haff   United States 50.4 Q
2 Emilio Lunghi   Italy 50.5 Q
3 Max Herrmann   Germany Unknown

Heat 8Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Frigyes Wiesner   Hungary 50.8 Q
2 John Dahlin   Sweden 51.0 Q
3 Georges Malfait   France Unknown

Heat 9Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Eric Lindholm   Sweden 51.4 Q
2 Jacob Pedersen   Norway 51.6 Q
3 Heinrich Burkowitz   Germany 51.7
4 Václav Labík   Bohemia Unknown

Heat 10Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Edward Lindberg   United States 50.6 Q
2 James Soutter   Great Britain Unknown Q
3 Franco Giongo   Italy Unknown

Heat 11Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Clarence Edmundson   United States 50.2 Q
2 Ernest Henley   Great Britain Unknown Q
3 Mel Brock   Canada Unknown
4 Pyotr Gayevsky   Russia Unknown

Heat 12Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 George Nicol   Great Britain 50.0 Q
2 Ira Davenport   United States Unknown Q
3 Thomas Gallon   Canada Unknown
4 Erich Lehmann   Germany Unknown
5 Georges Rolot   France Unknown
6 Ödön Bodor   Hungary Unknown

Heat 13Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Jacques Person   Germany 55.4 Q
2 Joseph Wells   Great Britain 1:01.2 Q

Heat 14Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Cyril Seedhouse   Great Britain 51.5 Q
2 Ervin Szerelemhegyi   Hungary Unknown Q
Alexander Pedersen   Norway 51.9 DSQ

Heat 15Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 George Patching   South Africa 51.1 Q
2 Charles Reidpath   United States 51.2 Q
3 Heinrich Wenseler   Germany Unknown
4 Alan Patterson   Great Britain Unknown
5 Robert Schurrer   France Unknown

SemifinalsEdit

 
The start of one of the semifinals.

All semi-finals were held on Friday, July 12, 1912.

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Charles Reidpath   United States 48.7 Q
2 Clarence Edmundson   United States Unknown
3 George Nicol   Great Britain Unknown
4 Frigyes Wiesner   Hungary Unknown
5 Charles Poulenard   France Unknown
John Dahlin   Sweden DNS

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Edward Lindberg   United States 48.9 Q
2 Eric Lindholm   Sweden 50.2
3 Charles Lelong   France Unknown
Jacques Person   Germany DNF
Cyril Seedhouse   Great Britain DNF
Joseph Wells   Great Britain DNF

Semifinal 3Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Ted Meredith   United States 48.8 Q
2 Mel Sheppard   United States 48.9
3 George Patching   South Africa 50.5
4 Knut Stenborg   Sweden 50.5
5 Jacob Pedersen   Norway Unknown
6 Ernest Henley   Great Britain Unknown

Semifinal 4Edit

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Carroll Haff   United States 49.7 Q
2 Emilio Lunghi   Italy Unknown
3 Ervin Szerelemhegyi   Hungary Unknown
Ernest Haley   Great Britain Unknown DNF
James Rosenberger   United States DNF
Yahiko Mishima   Japan DNS

Semifinal 5Edit

Young was disqualified for elbowing Braun, knocking him to the outside of the track, as Braun tried to cut in front of him. This event resulted in lanes being used for the final the next day.[5][3]

Rank Athlete Nation Time Notes
1 Hanns Braun   Germany 49.2 Q
2 Ira Davenport   United States Unknown
3 James Soutter   Great Britain Unknown
4 Paul Zerling   Sweden Unknown
Donnell Young   United States DSQ

FinalEdit

 
Charles Reidpath (second from left) beats Hanns Braun (second from right) in the final.

The final was held on Saturday, July 13, 1912. It was held in lanes because of the incident between Young and Braun in the semifinals. There were three false starts before the race finally started legally. Meredith led early with a strong pace. Braun took the lead around the halfway mark. Reidpath finished strong, passing Braun in the final 15 metres.[6]

Reidpath's time broke the Olympic record; it was also recognized as the inaugural world record in the event at the formation of World Athletics (then known as the IAAF).

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Time Notes
  3 Charles Reidpath   United States 48.2 WR
  2 Hanns Braun   Germany 48.3
  5 Edward Lindberg   United States 48.4
4 1 Ted Meredith   United States 49.2
5 4 Carroll Haff   United States 49.5

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Athletics at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games: Men's 400 metres". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. ^ Official report, p. 61.
  3. ^ a b c "400 metres, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  4. ^ Official Report, pp. 357–60.
  5. ^ Official Report, p. 359.
  6. ^ Official Report, p. 360.

External linksEdit

  • Bergvall, Erik (ed.) (1913). Adams-Ray, Edward (trans.). (ed.). The Official Report of the Olympic Games of Stockholm 1912. Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Wudarski, Pawel (1999). "Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich" (in Polish). Retrieved 27 August 2006.