In Greek mythology, Astraeus or Astraios (/əˈstrəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἀστραῖος means "starry"[1]) was an astrological deity and the Titan god of the dusk. Some also associate him with the winds, as he is the father of the four Anemoi (wind deities), by his wife, Eos.

Astraeus
God of the Dusk
Astraeus.gif
AbodeSky
ConsortEos
OffspringBoreas, Notus, Eurus, Zephyrus, Phainon, Phaethon, Pyroeis, Eosphorus, Stillbon and Astraea
ParentsEurybia and Crius

MythologyEdit

According to Hesiod's Theogony and Bibliotheca, Astraeus is a second-generation Titan, descended from Crius and Eurybia.[2]

However, Hyginus wrote that he was descended directly from Tartarus and Gaia and referred to him as one of the Gigantes.

Appropriately, as god of the dusk, Astraeus married Eos, goddess of the dawn. Together as nightfall and daybreak they produced many children who are associated with what occurs in the sky during twilight.

They had many sons, the four Anemoi ("Winds"): Boreas, Notus, Eurus, and Zephyrus,[3] and the five Astra Planeta ("Wandering Stars", i.e. planets): Phainon (Saturn), Phaethon (Jupiter), Pyroeis (Mars), Eosphoros/Hesperos (Lucifer)[4], and Stilbon (Mercury).[5] A few sources mention one daughter, Astraea, the goddess of innocence and, sometimes, justice.[6]

He is also sometimes associated with Aeolus, the Keeper of the Winds, since winds often swell up around dusk.

Family treeEdit

Family of Eurybia and Crius
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pontus
 
Gaia
 
Uranus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurybia
 
Crius
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Astraeus
 
Eos
 
Perses
 
Asteria
 
Pallas
 
Styx
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boreas
 
 
Astraea
 
 
Phainon
 
Hecate
 
 
Zelus
 
 
 
 
 
Scylla
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Phaethon
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nike
 
 
 
 
 
Fontes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pyroeis
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kratos
 
 
 
 
 
Lacus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zephyrus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eosphorus
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stilbon
 

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Robin Hard. The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology (2004)
  2. ^ Hesiod. The Theogony of Hesiod. Forgotten Books. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-60506-325-6.
  3. ^ Smith, William (1859). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Little, Brown and Company. p. 389.
  4. ^ Cicero wrote: Stella Veneris, quae Φωσφόρος Graece, Latine dicitur Lucifer, cum antegreditur solem, cum subsequitur autem Hesperos; The star of Venus, called Φωσφόρος in Greek and Lucifer in Latin when it precedes, Hesperos when it follows the sun – De Natura Deorum 2, 20, 53.
    Pliny the Elder: Sidus appellatum Veneris … ante matutinum exoriens Luciferi nomen accipit … contra ab occasu refulgens nuncupatur Vesper (The star called Venus … when it rises in the morning is given the name Lucifer … but when it shines at sunset it is called Vesper) Natural History 2, 36
  5. ^ Barney, Stephen et al., transl., ed. (2010). The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville. Cambridge U. Press. p. 105.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Anthon, Charles (1855). A Classical Dictionary. Harper & Brothers. p. 219.