Artern is a town in the Kyffhäuserkreis district, Thuringia, Germany. The former municipalities Heygendorf and Voigtstedt were merged into Artern in January 2019.

Artern
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Artern
Coat of arms
Location of Artern within Kyffhäuserkreis district
Artern in KYF.png
Artern is located in Germany
Artern
Artern
Artern is located in Thuringia
Artern
Artern
Coordinates: 51°22′0″N 11°18′0″E / 51.36667°N 11.30000°E / 51.36667; 11.30000Coordinates: 51°22′0″N 11°18′0″E / 51.36667°N 11.30000°E / 51.36667; 11.30000
CountryGermany
StateThuringia
DistrictKyffhäuserkreis
Subdivisions3
Government
 • MayorChristine Zimmer (CDU)
Area
 • Total45.05 km2 (17.39 sq mi)
Elevation
121 m (397 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,799
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
06556
Dialling codes03466
Vehicle registrationKYF, ART, SDH
Websitewww.artern.de

GeographyEdit

Artern is situated at the confluence of the rivers Unstrut and Helme, on a bend of the Unstrut, which flows through the town from the southeast to the northwest.

It is located in the north east of Thuringia, close to the border with Saxony Anhalt, and 12 km south of Sangerhausen.

TransportEdit

Artern has railway connections to Erfurt and Sangerhausen. The railway connection to Naumburg was cancelled in December 2006. The population was 6,165 in the 2006 census.

HistoryEdit

The first known documented mention of Artern was as Aratora in the early 9th Century, in a register of estates at Hersfeld Abbey.

Machinery, sugar and boots used to be manufactured in Artern.

Its brine springs, known as early as the 15th century, are still frequented.[2]

In 1944 a subcamp, Rebstock neu, of the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald was established in Artern.

Twin townsEdit

The town has three sister cities:

Historical PopulationEdit

From 1960 as of 31 December

  • 1612: 0242 households
  • 1831: 2640
  • 1890: 4790
  • 1933: 5889
  • 1939: 6366
  • 1960: 7296
  • 1989: 7280
  • 1994: 7064
  • 1995: 7269
  • 1996: 7157
  • 1997: 7069
  • 1998: 7067
  • 2000: 6848
  • 2001: 6732
  • 2002: 6580
  • 2003: 6424
  • 2004: 6344
  • 2005: 6201
  • 2006: 6165
  • 2007: 5970
  • 2008: 5867
  • 2009: 5824
  • 2010: 5715
  • 2011: 5742
  • 2012: 5707
  • 2013: 5658
  • 2014: 5553
  • 2015: 5590
  • 2016: 5530
Data since 1994: Thüringian State Statistical Office

Notable ResidentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2018". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2019.
  2. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Artern". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 669.
  3. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.

External linksEdit

 
Aerial picture of Artern, ca. 1940