Aracus (Ancient Greek: Ἄρακος) was a man of ancient Sparta who served as an ephor in 409 BCE.[1] He was appointed nauarch (ναύαρχος) of the Spartan fleet in 405, with Lysander as his vice-admiral (ἐπιστολεύς); Lysander was to have the actual power, but could not be named nauarch because Spartan law did not allow the same person to hold this office twice.[2][3][4][5]

In 398, Aracus was sent into Asia as one of the commissioners to inspect the state of things there, and to prolong the command of Dercyllidas;[6] and in 369, he was one of the ambassadors sent to Athens,[7] where Ἄρακος (Aracus) should be read instead of Ἄρατος (Aratus), though some sources confuse the names.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Xenophon, Hellenica ii. 3. ~ 10
  2. ^ Plutarch, Lyc. 7
  3. ^ Xenophon, Hellenica ii. 1. ~ 7
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica xiii. 100
  5. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece x. 9. ~ 4
  6. ^ Xenophon, Hellenica iii. 2. ~ 6
  7. ^ Xenophon, Hellenica vi. 5. ~ 33

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William (1870). "Aracus". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. p. 254.