Anton Hubert Fischer

Anton Hubert Fischer (Antonius Fischer) (30 May 1840, in Jülich, Rhine Province – 30 July 1912, in Neuenahr) was a Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cologne and Cardinal.

His Eminence

Anton Hubert Fischer
Cardinal, Archbishop of Cologne
Hasak - Der Dom zu Köln - V4 - Kardinal Fischer.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic
ArchdioceseCologne
Installed19 March 1903
Term ended30 July 1912
PredecessorHubert Theophil Simar
SuccessorFelix von Hartmann
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Santi Nereo ed Achilleo
Orders
Ordination2 September 1863
Consecration1 May 1889
Created cardinal22 June 1903
by Leo XIII
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born(1840-05-30)May 30, 1840
Jülich Germany
DiedJuly 30, 1912(1912-07-30) (aged 72)
Cologne Germany
BuriedCologne Cathedral
NationalityGerman
Previous postAuxiliary Bishop of Cologne (1889-1902)
Coat of armsAnton Hubert Fischer's coat of arms

LifeEdit

The son of a professor, he was educated at the Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium at Cologne, making his theological studies at the University of Bonn and the Academy of Münster. Ordained priest, 2 September 1863, he was for twenty-five years professor of religion at the Gymnasium at Essen. In 1886, he received his doctorate at the University of Tübingen, his thesis being "De salute infidelium". He was preconized titular Bishop of Juliopolis, 14 February 1889, and was thenceforth associated in the administration of the Diocese of Cologne as assistant to the auxiliary Bishop Johann Anton Friedrich Baudri, then very old.

When Baudri died (29 June 1893), Fischer succeeded him, and in 1895 he became Dean of Cologne Cathedral. In 1902 the See of Cologne became vacant by the death of Mgr. Theophilus Simar, and Fischer was elected archbishop on 6 November 1902.[1] On 23 June 1903, Pope Leo XIII made him a cardinal.

During the ten years of his episcopate Cardinal Fischer consecrated in the diocese several hundred churches and more than one thousand altars. He was a devoted protector of the religious orders. On several occasions during religious or *national celebrations he spoke of Kaiser Wilhelm II in very warm terms, which caused much comment.

At the Congress of Liège in 1890 he called for the intervention of the State in matters of labour legislation. He declared "Aspiration towards progress, towards the betterment and preservation of earthly well-being is deeply enrooted in human nature and does not contradict the Christian moral laws." On 13 November 1905, he advised the Catholic miners assembled in Congress at Essen to co-operate with non-Catholic workmen in the discussion of common economic questions.

He was likewise the defender with the Holy See of Christian interdenominational syndicates, whose headquarters were at Mönchengladbach, and he exerted himself to counterbalance the influence brought to bear in behalf of purely sectarian syndicates by the Catholics of Berlin, the Bishop of Trier, and the Cardinal-Bishop of Breslau.

ReferencesEdit

  • Kölnische Volkszeitung (August, 1912)
  • Germania (August, 1912)
  1. ^ "Latest intelligence - The New Archbishop of Cologne". The Times (36920). London. 8 November 1902. p. 7.
Attribution

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGoyau, Pierre-Louis-Théophile-Georges (1913). "Antonius Fischer". In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 16. New York: Robert Appleton Company.