Antiochus of Palestine
Antiochus of Palestine, also known as Antiochus the Monk, was a 7th-century monk and an author of the Pandektes, a collection of moral sentences. The identification of Antiochus with the contemporary Antiochus Strategos, author of a narrative on the Sasanian conquest of Jerusalem in 614, is disputed. The Greek original of the latter text is lost; the work is preserved in Georgian and Arabic versions.
Antiochus is believed to have been born near Ancyra (now Ankara, Turkey). He lived first as a solitary, then became a monk and Abbot of the famous Lavra (monastery) of St. Saba near Jerusalem. He witnessed the Persian invasion of Palestine in 614, and the massacre of forty-four of his companions by the Bedouins.
In 619, five years after the conquest of the Holy Land by Chosroes, Ancyra was taken and destroyed by the Persians, which compelled the monks of the neighbouring monastery of Attaline to leave their home, and to move from place to place. As they were, naturally, unable to carry many books with them, the Abbot Eustathius asked his friend Antiochus to compile an abridgment of Holy Scripture for their use, and also a short account of the martyrdom of the forty-four monks of St. Sabbas.
In compliance with this request he wrote a work known as the Pandects of Holy Scripture (in 130 chapters, mistaken by the Latin translator for as many homilies). It is a collection of moral sentences, drawn from Scripture and from early ecclesiastical writers. He also wrote an Exomologesis or prayer, in which he relates the miseries that had befallen Jerusalem since the Persian invasion, and begs the divine mercy to heal the Holy City's many ills. These works seem to have been written in the period between the conquest of Palestine by Chosroes and its reconquest by the Emperor Heraclius in 628.
The introductory chapter of the Pandects tells of the martyrdom referred to; its last chapter contains a list of heretics from Simon Magus to the Monophysite followers of Severus of Antioch. The book is of special value for its extracts of works no longer existing; the writer had an interest, then uncommon, in early Christian literature.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Grey, Francis William (1907). . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. New York: Robert Appleton.
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