Ann Juanita Morning is an American sociologist and demographer whose research focuses on race. In particular, she has studied racial and ethnic classification on censuses worldwide, as well as beliefs about racial difference in the United States and Western Europe. Much of her work examines how contemporary science—particularly the field of genetics—influences how we conceptualize race. As an author, she is widely held in libraries worldwide.
|Born||June 1, 1968|
|Alma mater||Yale University (B.A., Economics & Political Science 1990); Columbia University (Master of International Affairs, 1992); Princeton University (M.A. 2000, and Ph.D. 2004)|
|Awards||2009 Oliver Cromwell Cox Article Award from the American Sociological Association Section for Racial and Ethnic Minorities;|
|Doctoral advisors||Marta Tienda, Michèle Lamont and Elizabeth M. Armstrong|
Morning received her primary- and secondary-school education at the United Nations International School in New York City, where she graduated with an International Baccalaureate in 1986. She then earned her B.A. in Economics and Political Science at Yale University in 1990. As an undergraduate she also studied in Paris at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques and Université de Paris III (Censier-Daubenton) during the 1988-89 academic year. In 1992, she earned a Master’s in International Affairs from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), and then a Ph.D. in Sociology in 2004 at Princeton University, where she was affiliated with the Office of Population Research.
Morning began her career in 1992 as an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, where she monitored the external debt burden of a portfolio of less-industrialized nations. In 1994, she joined the U.S. Department of State as a Foreign Service Officer, serving as Vice Consul at the U.S. Embassy in Tegucigalpa, Honduras and completed a temporary tour of duty at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations in New York.
She left the Foreign Service in late 1995 to become an Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs at her former graduate school, Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA). She remained at SIPA until beginning her doctoral studies at Princeton in the fall of 1997.
At Princeton, Morning was a student at the Office of Population Research, and her first research projects focused on the uses of racial classification in demographic data like censuses. In particular, she undertook quantitative analyses of the classification of groups that did not easily fit traditional American racial categories, such as mixed-race people and people of South Asian descent. With time, she developed an interest in individuals’ beliefs about the nature of racial difference, using the term “racial conceptualization” to get at the web of their interrelated beliefs about which groups constituted races, what demarcated them from each other, how they emerged, and how an individual’s membership in a racial group could be ascertained. Her doctoral dissertation explored such concepts using qualitative data, and went on to win the American Sociological Association’s Dissertation Award in 2005. In 2011, it was published by the University of California Press as The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference.
While finishing up her doctoral dissertation, Morning worked as a consultant to the U.S. Census Bureau, gathering and analyzing data on census racial and ethnic enumeration on nearly 140 nations around the globe. After earning her doctorate in 2004, she joined New York University’s Department of Sociology as an Assistant Professor, and was promoted to Associate Professor in 2011. Since 2012, Morning has also been an Affiliated Faculty Member at NYU’s Abu Dhabi campus, teaching there regularly. And since 2013, she has been a member of the U.S. Census Bureau’s National Advisory Committee on Racial, Ethnic and Other Populations.
Ann Morning continues to work on racial classification, racial conceptualization, and their intersection with contemporary science. A Fulbright scholarship to the University of Milan-Bicocca in 2008-09 resulted in her current book project investigating Italians’ beliefs about ethnic and racial difference, co-authored with sociologist Marcello Maneri of the University of Milan-Bicocca and due to be published by the Russell Sage Foundation.
- 2009 Oliver Cromwell Cox Article Award from the American Sociological Association Section for Racial and Ethnic Minorities
- 2005 Co-Recipient, American Sociological Association Dissertation Award
- 2005 Co-Recipient, Faculty of the Year Award, NYU Department of Sociology Graduate Student Association
- 2003 Population Association of America Poster Blue Ribbon for "The Demography of Demography" (co-authors: Simona Bignami, University of Pennsylvania; Meredith Kleykamp, Princeton University)
- 2001 Association of Black Princeton Alumni Patrice Y. Johnson *80 Memorial Award
- Morning, Ann. 2011. The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
- Morning, Ann. 2014. “Does Genomics Challenge the Social Construction of Race?” Sociological Theory 32(3): 189-207. (Lead article.)
- Gullickson, Aaron, and Ann Morning. 2011. “Choosing Race: Multiracial Ancestry and Identification.” Social Science Research 40: 498-512.
- Morning, Ann. 2009. “Toward a Sociology of Racial Conceptualization for the 21st Century.” Social Forces 87(3): 1-26. To be reprinted in Terrains/Théorie, September 2015.
- Morning, Ann. 2008. “Reconstructing Race in Science and Society: Biology Textbooks, 1952-2002.” American Journal of Sociology 114(s1): S106-S137. Winner, 2009 Oliver Cromwell Cox Article Award from the American Sociological Association Section for Racial and Ethnic Minorities, for the best research article in the sociological study of race and ethnicity.
- Morning, Ann. 2008. “Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2000 Census Round.” Population Research and Policy Review 27(2): 239-272. Abridged version forthcoming in Simon, Patrick, Victor Piché and Amélie A. Gagnon, eds. Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity: Cross-National Perspectives in Classifications and Identity Politics. Springer.
- Morning, Ann. 2007. “‘Everyone Knows It’s a Social Construct’: Contemporary Science and the Nature of Race.” Sociological Focus 40(4): 436-454.
- Bolnick, Deborah A., Duana Fullwiley, Troy Duster, Richard S. Cooper, Joan H. Fujimura, Jonathan Kahn, Jay Kaufman, Jonathan Marks, Ann Morning, Alondra Nelson, Pilar Ossorio, Jenny Reardon, Susan M. Reverby, and Kimberly TallBear. 2007. “The Science and Business of Genetic Ancestry Testing.” Science, October 19: 399-400.
- Morning, Ann (2005). "Multiracial Classification on the United States Census: Myth, Reality, and Future Impact". Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales. 21 (2): 111–34. doi:10.4000/remi.2495.
- Morning, Ann, and Daniel Sabbagh. 2005. “From Sword to Plowshare: Using Race for Discrimination and Antidiscrimination in the United States.” International Social Science Journal 57(183): 57-73.
- Lamont, Michèle, Ann Morning, and Margarita Mooney. 2002. “Particular Universalisms: North African Immigrants Respond to French Racism.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 25(3): 390-414.
- Morning, Ann. 2001. “The Racial Self-Identification of South Asians in the United States.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 27(1): 61-79.
- Goldstein, Joshua, and Ann Morning. 2000. “The Multiple-Race Population of the United States: Issues and Estimates.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97(11): 6230-6235.
- Morning, Ann. 2000. “Who Is Multiracial? Definitions and Decisions.” Sociological Imagination 37(4): 209-229.
- "Morning, Ann Juanita". worldcat.org. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- "ASA". American Sociological Association. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "ASA". American Sociological Association. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "Alumni Award". Princeton.
- Morning, Ann (June 2011). The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference. [S.l.]: University of California Press. p. 328. ISBN 9780520270312.
- Guérin-Pace, France (2014). "Rev. of Morning, The Nature of Race". Contemporary Sociology. 68 (2): 721–22. JSTOR 43185631.
- Zuberi, Tukufu (2013). "Rev. of Morning, The Nature of Race". Population. 43 (5): 360–61. JSTOR 43187187.
- McGonigle, Ian Vincent (2013). "Rev. of Morning, The Nature of Race". The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 19 (2): 413–14. doi:10.1111/1467-9655.12042_9. JSTOR 42001603.
- Morning, A. (10 October 2014). "Does Genomics Challenge the Social Construction of Race?". Sociological Theory. 32 (3): 189–207. doi:10.1177/0735275114550881.
- Gullickson, Aaron; Morning, Ann (March 2011). "Choosing race: Multiracial ancestry and identification". Social Science Research. 40 (2): 498–512. doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2010.12.010.
- Morning, A. (1 March 2009). "Toward a Sociology of Racial Conceptualization for the 21st Century". Social Forces. 87 (3): 1167–1192. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.522.5450. doi:10.1353/sof.0.0169.
- "ASA Award".
- Morning, Ann (6 February 2008). "Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2000 Census Round". Population Research and Policy Review. 27 (2): 239–272. doi:10.1007/s11113-007-9062-5.
- Morning, Ann (November 2007). ""Everyone Knows It's a Social Construct": Contemporary Science and the Nature of Race". Sociological Focus. 40 (4): 436–454. doi:10.1080/00380237.2007.10571319.
- Bolnick, D. A.; Fullwiley, D.; Duster, T.; Cooper, R. S.; Fujimura, J. H.; Kahn, J.; Kaufman, J. S.; Marks, J.; Morning, A.; Nelson, A.; Ossorio, P.; Reardon, J.; Reverby, S. M.; TallBear, K. (19 October 2007). "GENETICS: The Science and Business of Genetic Ancestry Testing". Science. 318 (5849): 399–400. doi:10.1126/science.1150098. PMID 17947567.
- Morning, Ann; Sabbagh, Daniel (March 2005). "From sword to plowshare: using race for discrimination and antidiscrimination in the United States". International Social Science Journal. 57 (183): 57–73. doi:10.1111/j.0020-8701.2005.00531.x.
- Lamont, Michèle; Morning, Ann; Mooney, Margarita (January 2002). "Particular universalisms: North African immigrants respond to French racism". Ethnic and Racial Studies. 25 (3): 390–414. doi:10.1080/01419870020036701e.
- Morning, Ann (January 2001). "The racial self-identification of South Asians in the United States". Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 27 (1): 61–79. doi:10.1080/13691830125692.
- Goldstein, J. R.; Morning, A. J. (16 May 2000). "The multiple-race population of the United States: Issues and estimates". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 97 (11): 6230–6235. doi:10.1073/pnas.100086897. PMC 18587. PMID 10811886.
- Morning, Ann. "Who is Multiracial? Definitions and Decisions". Academia.