Androna, also known as al-Andarin (Arabic: الأندرين), is a Byzantine site spread over a vast area at the edges of the semi-desert, about 25 kilometers beyond the more well-known Byzantine site of Qasr Ibn Wardan.
|Excavation dates||1905 - ongoing|
|Archaeologists||H.C. Butler (1905) |
R. Mouterde, A. Poidebard (1930)
Syrian Department of Antiquities director Dr. R. Ugdeh
University of Heidelberg director Prof. C. Strube
University of Oxford director Dr. Marlia Mango
Androna was built as a defense line against nomadic skirmishes in the Syrian Desert. The fortified city contains many churches, palaces and baths; and was famous for its vineyards and high-quality wine in which it was mentioned by Amr ibn Kulthum in his ode.
The following is the opening verse of his ode:
أَلاَ هُبِّي بِصَحْنِكِ فَاصْبَحِيْنَـا وَلاَ تُبْقِي خُمُـوْرَ الأَنْدَرِيْنَـا
Ha girl! Up with the bowl! Give us our dawn draught
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