Anantnag district

  (Redirected from Anantnag District)

Anantnag is a district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of ten districts which make up the Kashmir Valley. The district headquarters is Anantnag city. As of 2011, it was the third most populous district of Jammu and Kashmir (out of 22), after Jammu and Srinagar.[5]

Anantnag district
Location of Anantnag district in Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Anantnag district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates (Anantnag): 33°44′N 75°09′E / 33.73°N 75.15°E / 33.73; 75.15Coordinates: 33°44′N 75°09′E / 33.73°N 75.15°E / 33.73; 75.15
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir (union territory)
DivisionKashmir Division
HeadquartersAnantnag
Tehsils1. Anantnag, 2. Bijbehara, 3. Dooru, 4. Kokernag, 5. Pahalgam, 6. Shangus 7. Larnoo 8. Srigufwara 9. Sallar 10.Mattan[1]
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAnantnag (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies16
Area
 • Total3,574 km2 (1,380 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,078,692
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy62.69%
 • Sex ratio927[2]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-03 [3]
Major highwaysNH-1A
Average annual precipitation747 [4] mm
Websitehttp://anantnag.nic.in/

AdministrationEdit

Anantnag district comprises Kokernag, Shangus, Anantnag (town), Bijbehara, Doru Shahabad, Pahalgam and Qazigund tehsils. The district consists of seven blocks: Breng, Shangus, Achabal, Dachnipora, Qazigund, Khoveripora and Shahabad.[6] Each block consists of a number of panchayats such as Akingam, Dialgam, Vailoo etc. Jaipal Singh Law has been the head of the Anantnag district administration twice.

PoliticsEdit

Anantnag District has 6 assembly constituencies: Anantnag, Doru Shahabad, Kokernag, Shangus, Bijbehara and Pahalgam.[7]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Anantnag district (2011)[8]

  Islam (97.99%)
  Hinduism (1.22%)
  Sikhism (0.57%)
  Christianity (0.13%)
  Buddhism (0.01%)
  Not stated (0.08%)

Anantnag district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]

  Gojri (11.46%)
  Hindi (0.58%)
  Pahari (1.21%)
  Kashmiri (85.10%)
  Punjabi (0.55%)
  Others (1.10%)

According to the 2011 census Anantnag district had a population of 1,078,692,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[10] or the US state of Rhode Island.[11] This gives it a ranking of 425th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 375 inhabitants per square kilometre (970/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 37.48%.[5] Anantnag had a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1,000 males[5] (this varies with religion) and a literacy rate of 64.32%[5] in 2011.

Anantnag city with population of 108,505 was the largest city in the district. Anantnag Urban Agglomeration had a population of 158,785.

Sex Ratio in Anantnag District in 2011 Census.[8]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 1,057,005)
948
Hindu (pop 13,180)
97
Sikh (pop 6,140)
678
Other (pop 2,367)
660
Total (pop 1,078,692)
927
Anantnag district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[8]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 13,180 1,057,005 1,449 6,140 55 7 7 849 1,078,692
1.22% 97.99% 0.13% 0.57% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.08% 100.00%
Male 12,010 542,671 845 3,660 35 4 3 539 559,767
Female 1,170 514,334 604 2,480 20 3 4 310 518,925
Gender ratio (% female) 8.9% 48.7% 41.7% 40.4% 36.4% 42.9% 57.1% 36.5% 48.1%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
97 948 715 678 575 927
Urban 8,399 272,573 504 1,149 34 4 1 223 282,887
Rural 4,781 784,432 945 4,991 21 3 6 626 795,805
% Urban 63.7% 25.8% 34.8% 18.7% 61.8% 57.1% 14.3% 26.3% 26.2%
Anantnag district
mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 496 0.05%
002007 Bengali 725 0.07%
004001 Dogri 855 0.08%
005018 Gujarati 317 0.03%
006102 Bhojpuri 406 0.04%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 123,606 11.46%
006240 Hindi 6,253 0.58%
006439 Pahari 13,097 1.21%
006489 Rajasthani 95 0.01%
007016 Kannada 251 0.02%
008005 Kashmiri 917,945 85.10%
011016 Malayalam 422 0.04%
013071 Marathi 729 0.07%
014011 Nepali 70 0.01%
015043 Odia 245 0.02%
016038 Punjabi 5,883 0.55%
020027 Tamil 429 0.04%
021046 Telugu 567 0.05%
022015 Urdu 1,289 0.12%
024001 Afghani/Kabuli/Pashto 4,194 0.39%
053005 Gujari 255 0.02%
Others 563 0.05%
Total 1,078,692 100.00%

TourismEdit

The district consists of a number of tourist places, including Verinag, Achabal, Kokernag, Daksum, Pahalgam, Dandipora (under process), Chatabal, Martand and Sinthan top. Of these places, Pahalgam and Kokernag are just 50 km from Anantnag Town.

Amarnath Temple, a Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva, is located in Phalgam. It is the site of an annual pilgrimage, Amarnath Yatra.

Historic sites and remainsEdit

Anantnag, like the rest of the Kashmir Valley, has witnessed many vicissitudes and experienced many upheavals from time to time. Charles von Hügel found here some monuments of the Mughal period in ruins when he visited Jammu and Kashmir in 1835. Also what must have once been magnificent architectural show pieces like the Martand complex of temples, or the temples of Lalitaditya, the Emperor of Kashmir, and King Awantivarman at Awantipora (which lie midway between Srinagar and Anantnag), are now in grand ruins.

Martand Sun TempleEdit

The Martand temple is one of the important archaeological sites of the country.[12] Its architecture reveals the glorious past of the area.[citation needed] After Independence, the government invested in the district.[citation needed] This temple has the typical Hindu structure as was present in Vedic Kashmir.

The Martand temple (coordinates 33°44′44″N 75°13′13″E / 33.7456817°N 75.2203792°E / 33.7456817; 75.2203792) is situated at Rambirpora Kehribal, nine kilometres east-north-east of Anantnag city.

This hill station is 45 km from the Anantnag and located on the banks of river Lidder at an altitude of 7200 ft. from sea level. Pahalgam is one among the five tehsils of Anantnag district and tehsil headquarters are located in the main town of Pahalgam. Once a great tourist puller and favourite place for shooting of Bollywood films is perhaps the best health resort in the country. Pahalgam also serves as base camp for the Amarnath Ji Yatra. The Pahalgam Valley presents glamorous look due to its pine forests, snow clad mountains, healthy climate and vast meadows and pastures. Pahalgam skirts Lidder river and torrential flow of water in Lidder river. Besides tourist huts, several hotels in private sector have come up here and these hotels provide modern facilities to their guests. A number of treks in this region also begin from Pahalgam, as the 35 km trail traverses through pinewoods to the spectacular Kolahoi Glacier.

The Village of nomad is un-spoilt by the ravages of progress. This place is an angler's delight and even an amateur can catch a rainbow trout from the rushing streams. The large brown bear is a natural inhabitant of the thick Pine and Cedar forests. Pahalgam has a golf course at 2400 meters above the sea level. Camping equipment, ponies and skiing equipment is available. Kolahoi is a destination via Aru.[citation needed] Around Pahalgam are many places of interest, and because the resort is set between fairly steep hills, it is worth hiring a pony rather than walking. Pony fares are posted at prominent locations.

One of these is the huge, undulating meadow of Baisaran, surrounded by thickly wooded forests of pine.[citation needed] Hajan, on the way to Chandanwadi, is a picnic spot.[citation needed] Filmgoers will recognise it as the location of several movie scenes.[original research?] Pahalgam has within it eight tiny villages, one of which is Mamal. There is a Shiva temple here, generally considered to be Kashmir's oldest existing temple, dating to the 5th century.[citation needed]

Pahalgam is also associated with the annual Amarnath Yatra. Chandanwari (2,895 m), 16 km from Pahalgam, is the starting point of the yatra that takes place every year in the month of Sawan (July to August). The road from Pahalgam to Chandanwari is on fairly flat terrain and can be undertaken by car. From Chandanwari onwards the track becomes much steeper, and is accessible on foot or by pony. About 11 km from Chandanwari is the mountain lake of Sheshnag (3,574 m), after which, 13 km away is the last stop, Panchtarni. The Amarnath cave is 6 km from there. During the month of Sawan, an ice stalagmite forms a natural Shivling in the Amarnath cave, which waxes and wanes with the moon.

PahalgamEdit

This hill station is 45 km. from the District Headquarters at Anantnag and located on the banks of river Lidder at an altitude of 7200 ft. from sea level.

Pahalgam is one among the five tehsils of Anantnag district and tehsil headquarters are located in the main town of Pahalgam. Once a great tourist puller and favourite place for shooting of Bollywood films is perhaps the best health resort in the entire India. Pahalgam also serves as base camp for the Amarnath Ji Yatra. The Pahalgam Valley presents glamorous look due to its pine forests, snow clad mountains, healthy climate and vast meadows and pastures. Besides tourist huts, several hotels in private sector have come up here and these hotels provide modern facilities to their guests. A number of treks in this region also begin from Pahalgam, as the 35 km trail traverses through pinewoods to the spectacular Kolahoi Glacier.

AchabalEdit

Achabal is an important tourist place about 8 kilometres away from Anantnag. The place has an ancient spring surrounded by a garden terraced and developed by the Mughals. The place has got some historical background also. The upper portion of the garden is called 'Bag-e-Begum Abad' developed by Malika Noor Jehan Begum in 1620 AD and renowned as Sahib Abad in which there was a Hamam (treasure of water) getting heat from a logical lamp (Tosng).

KokernagEdit

It is known for its trout streams and the largest fresh water spring in Kashmir, Trout hatchery department which has constructed pools in series where in trout is reared. Different pools have got trout with different weights and ages. Departments sells it to the tourists who find it a delicious dish and enjoy it. Kokernag is eight miles form Achabal and known for the curative properties of its springs.[citation needed] The total area of Kokernag is 300 Kanals of which 129 kanals is for the purpose of gardens and the rest is forest area. Kokernag has some historical importance also. Kokernag has been mentioned in Ain Akbari, where in it has been mentioned that the water of Kokernag satisfies both hunger and thirst and it is also a remedy for indigestion. The author of Ain Akbari notices that touch-stone is found in Kokernag.

VerinagEdit

Verinag spring issues deep blue water from the bottom of a high scrap of a mountain spur and here also Emperor Jehangir built a garden and pleasure house. The Verinag spring is about 26 kilometres away from Anantnag and is considered as the original source of river Jehlum. The spring is situated at the bottom of hill covered by pine trees and evergreen plants. The wonderful and charming construction of the spring as well as its adjacent garden compel the visitors to see it again and again. The construction of the banks of spring as well as its surroundings is of rare shape.

DaksumEdit

Located in the dense forests, this scenic spot falls on the Anantnag-Sinthan Top-Kishtwar road. A gushing stream flows through Daksum which is rich in trout fish. It is a forest retreat girdled by mountains. The surrounding forests are rich in fauna and flora.[citation needed] This tourist sport is in the south east of Anantnag City and is about a distance of 40 kilometres from Anantnag city.

Shiva Bhagwati Temple AkingamEdit

It is a temple in village Akingam of this district. It is located near the foot of a forest.

Sinthan topEdit

Sinthen top is a hill station, a tourist destination located in South Kashmir’s Breng Valley (Sub-District Kokernag) in Anantnag district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Road facilityEdit

Anantnag has following roads connecting it to various assembly segments and with NH1A ( Major District Roads)

  • NH1A Khanabal to Sangam via Bijbehara
  • NH 1B Khanabal to Kishtwar via Achabal, Akingam, Kokernag
  • Verinag Anantnag Road
  • Kokernag via Dailgam via hakura
  • Larkipora Fatehpora Road
  • Sadura Kamad Road which Starts From Vessu On National Highway.
  • Khanabal Pahalgam (KP) road.

ClimateEdit

Anantnag features a moderate climate (Köppen climate classification. Anantnag's climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Karokaram to its east and the Pirpanjal range to the south. It can be generally described as cool in the spring and autumn, mild in the summer, and cold in the winter. As a large city with a significant differences in Geo location among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly Areas of east as compared to the flat northern part of anantnag.

Summer is usually mild and with a little rain, but relative humidity is generally high and the nights are cool. The precipitation occurs throughout the year but no one month is particularly dry. The hottest month is July (mean minimum temperature 6 °C, mean maximum temperature 32 °C) and the coldest are December–January (mean minimum temperature -15 °C, mean maximum temperature 0 °C).

Weather conditions are unpredictable. The record high temperature is 33 °C and the record low is -18 °C. On 5–6 January 2012, after years of relatively little snow, a wave of heavy snow and low temperatures shocked the city covering it in a thick layer of snow and ice, forcing them to officially declare a state of emergency and calling the following two days (6 and 7 January) off for the whole valley.

Anantnag has seen an increase in the relative humidity and annual precipitation in the last few years. This is most likely because of the commercial afforestation projects which also includes expanding parks and green cover. The suburb parts of Anantnag are more lush than the central part. Anantnag District possesses all the typical characteristics of the climate of Kashmir Valley as a whole. In his introduction to the Rajtarangini Kulan or Kakhana Pundit says about the climate of Valley: 'It is a country where the sun shines mildly, being the place created by Kashayapa as if for his glory. High school-houses, the saffron, iced water and grapes, which are rare even in heaven, are common here. Kailasa is the best place in the three worlds, Himalaya the best part of Kailasa, and Kashmir the best place in Himalaya'.

Sir Walter Lawrence writes in his book The Valley of Kashmir that in latitude Kashmir corresponds with Peshawar, Baghdad and Damascus in Asia: with Fez in Morocco: and South Carolina in America, but it presents none of the characteristics of those countries. People have linked the climate of Kashmir to that of Switzerland until the end of May, and of Southern France in July and August. But it is impossible to speak of Kashmir as possessing any one climate or group of characteristics. Every hundred feet of elevation brings some new phase of climate and of vegetation.[13]

Climate data for Anantnag (1971–1986)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.2
(46.8)
14.1
(57.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.1
(59.2)
8.2
(46.8)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
5.8
(42.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.9)
68
(2.7)
121
(4.8)
85
(3.3)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
62
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
28
(1.1)
33
(1.3)
28
(1.1)
54
(2.1)
710
(27.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.6 7.3 10.2 8.8 8.1 5.7 7.9 6.8 3.5 2.8 2.8 5.1 75.6
Source: HKO[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tehsils in Anantnag district, Jammu and Kashmir - Census 2011".
  2. ^ "Anantnag District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Jammu and Kashmir) - Census 2011".
  3. ^ "Read more at: www.drivespark.com/rto-vehicle-registration-details/jammu-kashmir-jk-03/".
  4. ^ "Climate - Anantnag".
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 2008-09-10 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  7. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  8. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  9. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  12. ^ CONVERTED KASHMIR: Memorial of Mistakes Archived 18 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Kashmir-information.com.
  13. ^ "Anantnag district General information". India on a Page. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Climatological Information for Srinigar, India". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2 May 2011.

External linksEdit