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Anand Sharma (born 5 January 1953) is an Indian politician and former Union Cabinet Minister in charge of Commerce and Industry and Textiles in the Government of India. Since June 2014, Sharma is the Deputy Leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament.
Anand Sharma at the 2012 World Economic Forum annual meeting in Davos
|Deputy Leader of the Opposition|
|Assumed office |
8 June 2014
|Preceded by||M.J. Akbar|
|Member of Parliament|
|Assumed office |
3 April 2016
5 July 2010 – 9 March 2016
|Minister of Commerce and Industry|
22 May 2009 – 26 May 2014
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Preceded by||Kamal Nath|
|Succeeded by||Nirmala Sitharaman|
|Born||5 January 1953|
Shimla, East Punjab (now Himachal Pradesh)
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Alma mater||Himachal Pradesh University|
Early life and educationEdit
Anand Sharma is the son of P. A. Sharma and Prabha Rani Sharma and was born in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. He was educated at R.P.C.S.D.B. College, Shimla and Faculty of Law, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla.
Sharma was a prominent leader in the student and youth movement in India, a founder member of the Congress Party's students wing the NSUI. He was also a former President of the Youth Congress. Sharma asserts that the country needed investment in the manufacturing sector and the cost of credit must be brought down for this purpose. In February 2012, Sharma led a business delegation of more than 120 people to Pakistan for improving trade ties. During this visit, he discussed the revision of the existing visa bilateral agreement, signed in 1974, with his Pakistani counterpart Makhdoom Muhammad Ameen Faheem, to facilitate travel by bona fide businessmen from both the countries.
As India's commerce and Industry Minister, he had taken major policy initiatives to accelerate Manufacturing and attract Foreign investments in India. Anand Sharma, was instrumental in making of India's first National Manufacturing policy (NMP) in 2011, with the objective to raise the share of manufacturing from 16 to 25 percent of GDP and creation of 100 million skilled jobs in a decade. To achieve that, the policy envisaged establishment of greenfield integrated manufacturing cities; NIMZ-National Investment and Manufacturing Zones. Sixteen NIMZ were notified.
As Minister responsible for National Investmnent Policy, he piloted the opening of many sectors for FDI including Defence, and Civil Aviation. India allowed 100% FDI in Single Brand retail and opened up Multi Brant retail to Foreign Investors. The e-Biz Project was conceptualised and rolled out to improve business and investment climate.
Post Global Economic Crisis, India emerged as an alternative destination for Foreign Investors and during Anand Sharma's five years tenure received 190 bn USD as FDI.
He gave a forward looking Foreign Trade Policy ensuring its stability and predictability. It yielded positive dividend and India's merchandise exports almost doubled during 2010–2014.
Anand Sharma is credited with playing a critical leadership note at the IXth WTO Ministerial Meeting in Bali in December, 2013 and its successful outcome defending the right of India and the developing countries, to public stock holding of food grain for Food Security; he remained steadfast in negotiating a solution to end the impasse. Bali Ministerial, resulted in the first ever agreement. Since the establishment of the WTO including the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA).
He was also actively associated in negotiation and build a global consensus for historic Indo-US Nuclear Cooperation Agreement 2008 which ended decades of India's isolation and integration with the global mainstream for nuclear research and cooperation.
He made a notable contribution in the successful convening of an International Conference in Delhi in November, 2014, to commemorate the 125th Birth Anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru- Independent India's first Prime Minister and an acknowledged World Statesman. Anand Sharma edited the historic Commemorative book " Remembering Jawaharlal Nehru", which has been universally acclaimed.
Anand Sharma married Dr. Zenobia on 23 February 1987. They have two sons. He is associated with a number of social and sports organizations and also an all India NGO in disability sector.
- 1984–86 Member, Committee on Petitions, Rajya Sabha from Himachal Pradesh
- 1985–88 Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Lok Pal Bill
- 1986–89 Nominated to the Panel of Vice-Chairmen, Rajya Sabha
- 1987–88 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Defence (India)
- 1988–90 Member, Committee on Government Assurances Member, Press Council of India
- April 2004 Elected to Rajya Sabha from Himachal Pradesh
- Aug. 2004 – Jan. 2006 Member, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence; Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of External Affairs; Member, Joint Committee on Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament
- Aug. 2004 – July 2006 Member, Business Advisory Committee
- Oct. 2004 – Jan. 2006 Ministry of External Affairs (India)
- 29 Jan. 2006 – 22 May 2009 Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs
- 22 May 2009 onwards Minister of Commerce and Industry
- July 2010 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan, resigned 7 March 2016
- 12 July 2011 onwards Minister of Textiles (Additional Charge)
- 14th Mar 2016 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha from Himachal Pradesh
- Conferred “The Order of the Companion of Volta”, top Ghanaian civilian award on 10 November 2008 by President John Kofi Agyekum Kufuor for his commitment to South-South cooperation.
- Honoured with the “Commander of the National Order of Merit”, the highest civilian award of Ivory Coast on 14 January 2009 by the President.
- Special Award for his contribution in strengthening India-South Africa relations given by South African President Jacob Zuma on the occasion of 150 Years of the First Arrival of Indians in South Africa.
- Remembering Jawaharlal Nehru, 2016
- Journey of a Nation, 2011
- Gandhian Way, 2007
- Minister of State (Independent Charge)
- "Minister of Commerce of India Anand Sharma to visit Finland – Embassy of Finland, Washington – Consulate Generals of Finland, New York, Los Angeles : Current Affairs : Ministry for Foreign Affairs News". Finland.org. 23 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- "Anand Sharma named Deputy Leader of Congress in Rajya Sabha". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Cost of credit must be brought down: Anand Sharma". News Track India. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- "India, Pak in final stages of revising visa agreement: Anand Sharma – Economic Times". The Economic Times. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- "Detailed Profile – Shri Anand Sharma – Members of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) – Who's Who – Government: National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- "Anand Sharma elected unopposed to RS". Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "Anand Sharma – Minister of Commerce & Industry, Government of India". Department of Commerce, Government of India. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012.