Amycolatopsis is a genus of high GC-content bacteria within the family Pseudonocardiaceae.[4] The genus is known for producing many types of antibiotics, including

Scientific classification

Degradation of bio-polymersEdit

Several bacteria from the genus Amycolatopsis are able to enzymatically hydrolyze the ester bonds of poly-lactic acid (PLA) films in aquatic medium. So far, it is one of the few known bacteria able to biodegrade the bioplastic outside compost facilities in a relatively short period of time.[6][7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x LPSN
  2. ^ Xing, Ke; Liu, Wei; Zhang, Yue-Ji; Bian, Guang-Kai; Zhang, Wen-Di; Tamura, Tomohiko; Lee, Jung-Sook; Qin, Sheng; Jiang, Ji-Hong (2013). "Amycolatopsis jiangsuensis sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinomycete isolated from a coastal plant in Jiangsu, China". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 103 (2): 433–439. doi:10.1007/s10482-012-9823-y. PMID 23053697.
  3. ^ Everest, Gareth J.; Roes-Hill, Marilize le; Omorogie, Clifford; Cheung, Shuk-Kwan; Cook, Andrew E.; Goodwin, Candice M.; Meyers, Paul R. (2013). "Amycolatopsis umgeniensis sp. nov., isolated from soil from the banks of the Umgeni River in South Africa". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 103 (3): 673–681. doi:10.1007/s10482-012-9851-7. PMID 23180373.
  4. ^ NCBI Taxonomy Browser
  5. ^ NAOKI, MATSUMOTO (November 1997). "Epoxyquinomicins A, B, C and D, new antibiotics from Amycolatopsis. I. Taxonomy, fermentation, isolation and antimicrobial activities". J Antibiot (Tokyo). 50 (11): 900–905. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.50.900. PMID 9592560.
  6. ^ Poly(lactic acid) : synthesis, structures, properties, processing, and applications. Auras, Rafael. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. 2010. ISBN 978-0-470-64983-1. OCLC 709664760.CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ Y. Ikura, T. Kudo (1999). "Isolation of a microorganism capable of degrading poly-(L-lactide)". J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 45 (5): 247–251. doi:10.2323/jgam.45.247. PMID 12501367.