American Trading Company of Borneo

The present-day area of "Ellena", once a colony of the United States in present-day Kimanis, Sabah, Malaysia.

The American Trading Company of Borneo was a chartered company formed by Joseph William Torrey, Thomas Bradley Harris together with several Chinese investors shortly after the acquisition over a parcel of land in northern Borneo from the Sultanate of Brunei.[1] The first American settlement in the area soon was named "Ellena",[2] although it was abandoned later due to financial difficulties, diseases and riots among the workers.[3]


  1. ^ K. G. Tregonning (November 1954). "American Activity in North Borneo, 1865-1881". Pacific Historical Review. 23 (4): 357–372. doi:10.2307/3634654. JSTOR 3634654.
  2. ^ Richard Ker (August 26, 2012). "Ellena – America's Lost Colony in Kimanis of North Borneo". North Borneo Historical Society. Archived from the original on May 21, 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  3. ^ James W. Gould (1969). The United States and Malaysia. Harvard University Press. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-0-674-92615-8.

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