The Amazonas Department (Spanish: Departamento del Amazonas, Spanish pronunciation: [amaˈsonas]) is a department of Colombia in the south of the country. It is the largest department in area while also having the 3rd smallest population. Its capital is Leticia and its name comes from the Amazon River, which drains the department.
Departamento del Amazonas
Entre todos podemos
(Spanish: All of us, can)
|Anthem: Himno de Amazonas|
Amazonas shown in red
Topography of the department
|Established||October 5, 1991|
|• Governor||Manuel Antonio Carebilla Cuellar(2016-2019)|
|• Total||109,665 km2 (42,342 sq mi)|
|• Density||0.70/km2 (1.8/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||CO-AMA|
medium · 28th
The department name comes from the name of the Amazon River. The river was named by the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana (1511 - 1546), who, on his voyage of exploration, said he was attacked by "fierce females" looked like Amazons of the Greek mythology, however, the existence of a female warrior tribe in that time hasn’t been demonstrated and it is possible that they were long-haired Native American warriors who impressed the conqueror who called the jungle and the river with the name of Amazon.
The following ethnic groups are found in the department: Bora, Cocama, Macuna, Mirana, Okaina, Ticunas, Tucano, Uitoto, Yagua, and Yucuna, among others. These groups are more than 5,000 years old.
The Amazonas Department covers 109,665 km2 (42,342 sq mi) of protected area, most of it under the name of "forest reserve" since 1959. There are currently four "National Parks" (Amacayacú, Cahuinarí, Rio Puree, and Yagoje Apaporis).
Municipalities and communitiesEdit
- "Nuestro Departamento: Información general: Geografía". Gobernación del Amazonas. Archived from the original on 2012-06-29.
- "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
- Amazonas Department travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Territorial-Environmental Information System of Colombian Amazon SIAT-AC website
- Essential Travel Information to Leticia and its Surroundings