Amalananda Ghosh was an Indian archaeologist, the author and editor of numerous works on India's ancient civilizations, and the organizer and director of archaeological expeditions during the mid-1900s.
|Known for||Respected Indian archaeologist, former Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India|
Ghosh joined the Archaeological Survey of India in 1937 and eventually rose to become its Director-General. He served in that position from 1953 to 1968.
During his period with the Survey, Ghosh led or participated in a number of excavations, including investigations at Pachmarhi, Bikaner, Brahmagiri, Maski, Taxila, Arikamedu, and Harappa. In 1950, Ghosh organized and began a systematic exploration of the Bikaner site, along the dried-up bed of the ancient Saraswati River. Within a few months, his work uncovered 70 sites, 15 of which yielded similar antiquities to those found at Harappa and Mohenjodaro.
During his tenure as Director General, the landmark Centenary of the Archaeological Survey of India was held in 1961.
Following his term with the Survey, Ghosh acted as a UNESCO consultant on archaeology to the Governments of Qatar (1968), Bahrain (1968), Saudi Arabia (1968–69) and Yemen (1970). He was a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study from 1968 to 1971.
Ghosh authored and edited a number of books and publications over the span of his career, including The Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology, a comprehensive reference book on archaeological work conducted over the years in India. Other works include A Survey of the Recent Progress in Early Indian Archaeology, The City in Early Historical India, (13) and A Guide to Nālandā.
With wife Sudha Ghosh, Amalananda had two children, Suparna Ghosh and Asim Ghosh. His affiliations included serving as Vice-President of the Royal India, Pakistan and Ceylon Society, London; Honorary Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, London, and Honorary Fellow of the Deutsches Archaeologisches Institut, Berlin. He received the decoration of Padma Shri in 1962.
- Ghosh, Amalananda, The Free Dictionary  accessed 24 August 2011.
- An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology, Edited by Amalananda Ghosh  accessed 24 August 2011.
- Indian Archaeology 1953-1954, A Review  Archived 11 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine accessed 24 Aug. 2011
- Pachmarhi, Wikipedia
- What Lies Beneath, Hindustan Times
- Brahmagiri, Wikipedia
- Maski, Wikipedia
- Taxila, Wikipedia
- Arikamedu, Wikipedia
- Harappa, Wikipedia
- An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology, Google Books
- A Survey of the Recent Progress in Early Indian Archaeology, Google Books 
- The City in Early Historical India, Google Books
- A Guide to Nālandā
Madho Sarup Vats
| Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India
1953 - 1969
B. B. Lal