Amöneburg (German pronunciation: [aˈmøːnəbʊʁk] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in the Marburg-Biedenkopf district in Hesse, Germany. It lies on a mountain and is built around the castle of the same name, Burg Amöneburg.

Amöneburg
View of the town from the east
View of the town from the east
Coat of arms of Amöneburg
Coat of arms
Location of Amöneburg within Marburg-Biedenkopf district
Marburg-Biedenkopf Amöneburg.png
Amöneburg is located in Germany
Amöneburg
Amöneburg
Amöneburg is located in Hesse
Amöneburg
Amöneburg
Coordinates: 50°47′52″N 8°55′23″E / 50.79778°N 8.92306°E / 50.79778; 8.92306Coordinates: 50°47′52″N 8°55′23″E / 50.79778°N 8.92306°E / 50.79778; 8.92306
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionGießen
DistrictMarburg-Biedenkopf
Government
 • MayorMichael Richter-Plettenberg (Ind.)
Area
 • Total43.95 km2 (16.97 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,096
 • Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
35287
Dialling codes06422
Vehicle registrationMR
Websitewww.amoeneburg.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Amöneburg lies on a basalt cone that can be seen from a great distance, below which flows the river Ohm, a tributary to the Lahn. From the Vogelsberg massif in the southeast, Amöneburg is split by the Amöneburg Basin, a hollow suspected of being a meteorite crater. [1] In the southwest rise the Lahn Mountains.

Neighbouring communitiesEdit

In the north, Amöneburg borders on the town of Kirchhain, in the east on the town of Stadtallendorf (both in Marburg-Biedenkopf), in the southeast on the town of Homberg (Vogelsbergkreis), and in the west on the community of Ebsdorfergrund (Marburg-Biedenkopf).

Communities within townEdit

  • Erfurtshausen
  • Mardorf
  • Roßdorf
  • Rüdigheim

Coat of armsEdit

Amöneburg's coat of arms, like many throughout western Germany, depicts the Wheel of Mainz and Saint Martin of Tours patron saint of the diocese of Mainz cutting off a piece of his cloak for a poor man.

HistoryEdit

Findings from digs have suggested that the area was already settled in the New Stone Age. It is supposed that in Celtic times there was a town (or oppidum) here. In 721, Saint Boniface built a small monastery and a church below the castle.

 
Amöneburg: from the Topographia Hassiae by Matthäus Merian 1655

At the beginning of the 12th century, much of Hesse belonged to Thuringia. The Thuringian lands, however, were so widely scattered that quite often they were interspersed with estates belonging to the Archbishopric of Mainz and its vassals. The parish of Amöneburg belonged to the archbishopric until 1803.

Amöneburg's rectangular market square was laid out in this shape in the 18th century. Also worth seeing is the Mainzer Hof with its barn and manor house at the Lindauer Tor (gate).

The adjoining church is a neo-Gothic basilica. On its north side stands the 14th-century church tower with its Baroque cupola.

Around the knoll that forms the townsite runs the town wall, still preserved to a great extent. A loop road offers good views of the surrounding countryside.

At the southeastern foot of the crags on which the town is built lies the Brückermühle, and old mill, with an old stone bridge (Ohmbrücke) across the river Ohm, which was an historically important crossing. It is known from the Hessians' and Brunswickers' fight against the French in 1762, recalled nowadays by a Baroque obelisk in the yard outside the Brückerwirtshaus (inn).

In June 1646 Imperialist forces took the town by treaty.[2]

 
Stiftskirche St. Johann

AbandonmentsEdit

Around Amöneburg, the abandoned communities of Brück, Brunsfort, Gerende, Heuchelheim, Lindau, Radenhausen and Wanehusen may be found.

PoliticsEdit

MayorsEdit

  • 1996-2002: Oliver Haupt
  • 2002-2005: Anders Arendt
  • 2005-today: Michael Richter-Plettenberg

Town councilEdit

As of municipal elections held on March 6, 2016, town council seats are apportioned thus:[3]

CDU 11 seats
SPD 6 seats
FWG (citizens' coalition) 6 seats

TransportEdit

Somewhat north of Amöneburg runs Federal Highway B 62 (Biedenkopf - Alsfeld) with connections to B 454 to Schwalmstadt and B 3 towards Marburg. The nearest railway connections is 5 km north, in Kirchhain.

Regular eventsEdit

  • Kirchweihfest (Church dedication festival, yearly, last weekend in August, organized by local clubs)

MuseumsEdit

Museum Amöneburg: Prehistory and early history of the Amöneburg Basin, agricultural history, mediaeval fortifications and finds from digs, models and dioramas with explanatory notices, and in the attic rooms a nature preservation information centre.

PersonalitiesEdit

 
Statue of Saint Boniface, in the background the Cathedral of Mainz
  • Saint Boniface (around 673-754 or 755), founded 721 founded a monastery cell below the castle Amöneburg and began the Christianization of Upper Hesse from Amöneburg
  • Johannes Eisermann, (1486-1558), (born in Amönenburg), called Ferrarius Montanus, religious scholar, jurist and first rector of the University of Marburg.
  • Ludwig Schick (born 1949), auxiliary bishop in Fulda from 1998 to 2002, since 2002 Archbishop of Bamberg, visited in Amöneburg the seminary St. Johann.




Town partnershipsEdit

There has also been a common "ring" partnership among these towns since 1997.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Helfferich, Tryntje, The Thirty Years War: A Documentary History (Cambridge, 2009), p. 300.
  3. ^ http://www.statistik-hessen.de/k2016/html/EG534001.htm[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit