A Citadis 302 in Mulhouse
A Citadis 401 in Dublin
A Citadis 402 in Nice

The Alstom Citadis is a family of low-floor trams (streetcars) and light rail vehicles built by Alstom. As of 2017, over 2,300 Citadis trams have been sold and 1,800 tramways are in revenue service throughout the world, with operations in all six inhabited continents.[1] An evolution of Alstom's earlier TFS vehicle, most Citadis vehicles are made in Alstom's factories in La Rochelle, Reichshoffen and Valenciennes, France, and in Barcelona, Spain, and Annaba, Algeria.[2]

Contents

Citadis typesEdit

The Citadis family includes both partial and fully low-floor trams and LRVs, in versions with three (20x), five (30x), seven (40x), and nine (50x) sections. It comprises the following standard variants:

Urban vehiclesEdit

Citadis X00:

Citadis X01 (First generation):

  • Citadis 301 – three section, 70% low floor (Orléans)
    • Citadis 301 CIS – 100% low floor version with IPOMOS bogies on 1,524 mm (5 ft) gauge (Moscow, Saint-Petersburg[3]). Also designated 71-801 according to the Russian unified system of rolling stock classification (71=trams, 8=manufacturer code(Alstom), 01=model code).
  • Citadis 401 – five sections, 70% low floor (Montpellier and Dublin, some converted from 301s)

Citadis X02 (Second generation):

  • Citadis 202 – three section, 100% low floor (Melbourne)

Citadis X03 (Third generation):

  • Citadis 403 – seven sections, 100% low floor (Strasbourg)

Citadis X04 (Fourth generation):

  • Citadis 304 – 100% low floor, next generation design for Central and Eastern Europe (Istanbul)

Citadis X05 (Fifth generation):

Light-rail vehiclesEdit

  • Regio-Citadis – three sections, 70% low floor LRV (Kassel, The Hague, Salzgitter)
  • Citadis Dualis – four or five sections, 100% low-floor LRV (operated by the SNCF,[5] see below)
  • Citadis Spirit – three or four sections, 100% low floor LRV designed for the North American market (Ottawa, Toronto)[6][7][8]

Power supplyEdit

Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires collected by a pantograph, but the trams in several places do not use pantograph current collection entirely. Other places, such as Toronto, use a trolley pole.

The most popular solution is Alstom's proprietary ground-level power supply (APS, first used in Bordeaux and subsequently in Angers, Reims, Orleans, Tours, Dubai, Janeiro, and in the future, Sydney), consisting of a type of third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. On the networks in France and in Sydney, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires in outer areas,[9] but the Dubai vehicles are the first to employ APS for its entire passenger length (although they are still equipped with pantographs for use in the maintenance depot).

Another option is to use on-board batteries to store electrical power, allowing brief periods of catenary-free operation without the need to install special infrastructure. The Citadis trams in Nice operate off a set of nickel metallic hydride batteries in two large open spaces where overhead wires would be an eyesore.[10] This has since been superseded by a supercapacitor-based energy storage system (SRS)[11] which is in use in Rio de Janeiro (alongside APS) and along a new line in Nice. The Regio-Citadis can also be built as a dual-voltage or electro-diesel vehicle with various configurations.

Ordered Citadis tramsEdit

AfricaEdit

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
Algeria Algiers
(Algiers tramway)
  402 101–141 41 2010 2.65
Algeria Constantine
(Constantine tramway)
  402 101–127 47 2010 43.9 2.65 of which 27 were manufactured in Barcelona and 20 were assembled in Annaba, Algeria.[2]
Algeria Oran
(Oran Tramway)
  302 101–130 30 2010 43.9 2.65
Algeria Ouargla
(Ouargla tramway)
  402 101–123 23 2017 43.9 2.65
Algeria Mostaganem 402 101–130 30 2017 43.9 2.65
Algeria Sidi Bel Abbes   402 101–130 30 2016 43.9 2.65
Algeria Setif   402 101–130 47 2016 43.9 2.65
Algeria Batna 402 101–130 30 2016 43.9 2.65
Algeria Annaba 402 101–130 30 2017 43.9 2.65
Algeria Skikda 402 101–130 20 2018 43.9 2.65
Algeria Tébessa 402 101–130 20 2018 43.9 2.65
Morocco Casablanca
(Casablanca Tramway)
  302 74 2012 2.65 Single ended – operate in service as back-to-back pairs. Semi permanently coupled.
Morocco Rabat-Salé
(Rabat-Salé tramway)
  302 32 44 2010 2.65 19 double trams (back to back single ended pairs, semi permanently coupled), 6 single bidirectional trams
Tunisia Tunis   302 401–430 30 2007 32 – 64 in MU 2.4 Single ended – operate in service as back-to-back pairs.

AsiaEdit

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length
(m or
ft in)
Width
(m or
ft in)
Comments
Taiwan Kaohsiung (Circular light rail) Citadis X05 15 2019 33.4 m or 109 ft 7 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 38 in [12]
China Shanghai Songjiang (Songjiang Tram) Citadis 30 2018 Seven- and five-module vehicles

North AmericaEdit

The main article provides vehicle and order descriptions.

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m or
ft in)
Width (m or
ft in)
Comments
Canada Ottawa
(Confederation Line)
  Citadis Spirit 1101-1134 34 (+38 planned) 2018 48 m or 157 ft 5 34 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 38 in Four-module vehicles
Canada Toronto
(Line 6 Finch West)
Citadis Spirit 0 (61 planned) 2021 48 m or 157 ft 5 34 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 38 in Four-module vehicles

South AmericaEdit

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m or ft) Width (m or ft) Comments
Brazil Rio de Janeiro
(VLT Carioca)
  402 101–132 32[13] 2016 44 m or 144 ft 4 14 in[14] 2.650 m or 8 ft 8 38 in[14] With APS
system
Brazil Belo Horizonte
(Belo Horizonte Metro)
402 [15] With APS
system
Ecuador Cuenca[16] 302 14 2016

Middle EastEdit

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
Israel Jerusalem
(Jerusalem Light Rail)
  302 46 2009 2.65
United Arab Emirates Dubai
(Dubai Tram)
  402 001-025 25 2013–2014 2,65 APS[17]
Qatar Lusail
(Lusail LRT)
302 2019 2,65 APS[18]

EuropeEdit

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers No. Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
France Angers
(Angers tramway)
  302 1001–1017 17 2009 32.4 2.40
France Aubagne   Compact 8[4] 2014 22 2.40 First Citadis Compact ordered. Options for 10[4]
France Bordeaux   402 2201 – 2232
2301 – 2306
2501 – 2520
2801 – 2804
62 2002
2003
2005
2008
2011
43.9 2.40
France Bordeaux   302 2241 – 2246
2541 – 2546
12[19][20] 2002
2005
32.8 2.40
France Caen 305 26 2018–2019 33 2.40
France Grenoble   402[21] 6001 – 6035, 6036 – 6050 49 2005, 2009 43 2.40
France Le Havre   302 22 2011–2012 2.40
France Le Mans   302 1001–1034 34 2007, 2011, 2014 32.0 2.40
France Lyon   302 0801 – 0847, 0848 – 0857, 0858 – 0870, 0871 – 0873 70 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 32.4 2.40
France Lyon   402 0874 – 0885, 0886 – 0892 12[22] 2012–2013, 2016 43.8 2.40 Replaces the Citadis 302 on the line 3 while the 302 are transferred on the other lines.
France Montpellier   301 2001–2028 30[23] 1999–2000 40.9 2.65 Extended to Citadis 401
France Montpellier   302 2031–2033, 2041–2064 27 2006–2007 32.5 2.65
France Montpellier   402 23 43 2.65
France Mulhouse   302 01–27 27 2005–2006 32.5 2.40 Two of these (04 and 05) were used in Argentina on the Tranvía del Este.
France Nice tramway   302 01 – 20, 21 – 28 28 2006–2007, 2010 33 2.65 Trams from 14 to 28 are extended to 402
France Nice tramway 405 19 2017–2018 45 2.65 First ever Citadis trams from the fifth generation delivered in mainland Europe.
France Orléans   301 39–60 22[24] 2000 29.9 2.32
France Orléans   302 61–81 21[25] 2010–2011 32.3 2.40
France Paris   302 0401 – 0413, 0414 – 0426, 0427 – 0442, 0442 – 0460, 0461 – 0466 66 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2015 32.2 2.40 T2
France Paris   402 0301 – 0321, 0322 – 0346, 0347 – 0360 46 2006, 2012, 2017 43.7 2.65 T3
France Paris   302 701–719 19[26] 2013 32 2.40 T7
France Paris   302 801–820 20[26] 2014 32 2.40 T8
France Paris 405[27] 22[28] 2019–2020 44 2.65 T9
France Reims   302 101–118 18[29][30] 2010 32.4 2.40
France Rouen   402 27 2011–2012 40–45 2.40 To replace the TFS[31]

Used as a light rail.

France Strasbourg   403 2001–2041, 3001-? 41[32] 2005–2006, 2016–? 45.1 2.40
France Toulouse   302 5001–5025 24 2009–2010 32.4 2.40 Designed by Airbus
France Tours   402 21[33] 2012–2013 43 2.40 APS
France Valenciennes   302 33 2006 33 2.40
Germany Kassel   RegioCitadis 701–718 18 2004–2005 36.8 2.65
Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 751–760 9 2004–2005 36.8 2.65 Hybrid with diesel engine
Greece Athens X05 25 2019
Ireland Dublin   301 3001–3026 26 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m
Ireland Dublin   401 4001–4014 14 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line (transferred from green line 2010)
Ireland Dublin   402 5001–5026 26 2009 43 2.40 Green line
Ireland Dublin 502 5027-5033 7 2017 55 2.40 Green line
Netherlands The Hague   RegioCitadis 4001 – 4054, 4055 – 4072 72 2006, 2011 36.8 2.65
Netherlands Rotterdam   302 2001–2060 60 2003 31.6 2.40 Unidirectional[34]
Netherlands Rotterdam   302 2101–2153 53 2011 30 2.40 Unidirectional[34]
Poland Gdańsk   NGd99 1001–1004 4 1999 26.6 2.35 Marketed as the Konstal NGd99, based on 100 series
Poland Katowice   116Nd 800–816 17 2000 24 2.35
Russia Saint Petersburg   301 CIS (71-801 according to Russian unifying system of rolling stock classification) 8900–8902, 8907 4 2014 25.5 2.50 Single ended
Spain Barcelona   302 23 2004 32 2.65 Trambaix network
Spain Barcelona   302 18 2007 32 2.65 Trambesòs network
Spain Jaén   302 5 2010 32 2.40
Spain Madrid   302 70 2007 32 2.40 One of those types are in use on the Lidingöbanan in Stockholm for testing, and another was used in Buenos Aires on the Tranvía del Este.
Spain Tenerife   302 20 2007 32.2 2.40
Spain Murcia   302 11 2011 32 2.40
Turkey Istanbul   X04 801–837 37 2009 28 2.65 Able to MU
UK Nottingham   302[35] 216–237 22[36] 2014 2.40 NET Citadis poster

OceaniaEdit

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
Australia Adelaide   302[37] 201–209 9 2010, 2018 32 2.40 Surplus units purchased from Metro Ligero, Madrid in 2009 (6) and 2017 (3)[37][38][39]
Australia Melbourne   202[40] 3001–3036[41] 36[41] 2001–2002[41] 23.0[41] 2.65[41] Locally designated C-class.[41]
Australia Melbourne   302[42] 5103, 5106, 5111, 5113, 5123[43] 5[43] 2008–2009[43] 32.5[43] 2.65[43] Locally designated C2-class.[43]
Leased from Mulhouse, France in 2008, and later purchased by the Victorian government.[44]
Australia Sydney   X05[45] 001-060 60[45] 2019 33[46] 2.65 for CBD and South East Light Rail[45]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alstom (2017). "Citadis tramways". Alstom, Citadis web presentation.
  2. ^ a b "CITAL inaugurates its assembly and maintenance site for Alstom Citadis trams in Annaba". Alstom.com. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  3. ^ http://transphoto.ru/list.php?serv=0&cid=2&mid=4350 Saint-Petersburg, 71-801 (Alstom Citadis 301 CIS) vehicle list
  4. ^ a b c "Aubagne orders Citadis Compact". Railway Gazette International. 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011.
  5. ^ "CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
  6. ^ "Alstom launches North American light rail vehicle with Ottawa contract". Railway Gazette. 14 February 2013. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Alstom receives order for 61 Citadis Spirit light rail vehicles for Greater Toronto and Hamilton area". Alstom. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-05-12. Alstom has been awarded a firm order for the supply of 61 Citadis Spirit light rail vehicles for the Greater Toronto and Hamilton area (GTHA) by Metrolinx, an agency of the Government of Ontario. The value of the contract is over €355 million (CA$529 million). The vehicle supply contract includes an option for additional vehicles.
  8. ^ Ben Spurr (2017-05-11). "Metrolinx to buy vehicles from Bombardier competitor". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2017-05-12. According to sources familiar with the deal, Metrolinx has agreed to purchase 61 cars from French manufacturer Alstom as a backup plan if Bombardier doesn’t come through.
  9. ^ Wansbeek, C.J. (December 2002). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Tramways & Urban Transit. Light Rail Transit Association. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  10. ^ "Nice Tramway, France". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
  11. ^ Kuester, Florian (7 February 2017). "Ground-based electric charging – The Alstom SRS". Combined Transport Magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-06-24. Retrieved 2017-01-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Planejamento de Fabricação do Material Rodante" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2013-12-19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  14. ^ a b "Memorial Descritivo Geral do Veículo VLT" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2014-05-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  15. ^ http://www.otempo.com.br/cidades/tra%C3%A7ado-do-vlt-que-ligar%C3%A1-centro-de-bh-a-confins-%C3%A9-definido-1.929638
  16. ^ CUENCA LIGHT RAIL
  17. ^ "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. Archived from the original on November 7, 2009. Retrieved 2008-05-02.
  18. ^ "Alstom and Qatar Rail unveil the design of Lusail Citadis tram". 2016-04-19. Archived from the original on 2016-04-22. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  19. ^ "Fiche technique 302". Retrieved 2013-07-11.
  20. ^ Fiche technique 402 (in French)
  21. ^ "Fiche technique Grenoble 2" (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-11.
  22. ^ "World rolling stock market November 2012". Railway Gazette International. 26 November 2012.
  23. ^ Fiche technique 401 (in French)
  24. ^ Fiche technique Orléans (in French)
  25. ^ "Urban rail news in brief – November 2008". Railway Gazette International. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  26. ^ a b "Citadis remains popular in Paris". Railway Gazette International. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012.
  27. ^ "Alstom will deliver 22 Citadis to the STIF for the line T9 in Ile-de-France" (in French). 10 November 2016.
  28. ^ "World rolling stock market December 2016". Railway Gazette International. 30 December 2016.
  29. ^ "Reims tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09.
  30. ^ "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram..." (in French). Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09.
  31. ^ "Rouen orders trams to increase capacity". Railway Gazette International. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  32. ^ Fiche technique Strasbourg (in French)
  33. ^ "Tours selects Citadis and APS". Railway Gazette International. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  34. ^ a b "Airco voor vrijwel alle Rotterdamse trams in 2016" [Air conditioning for almost all trams in Rotterdam 2016] (in Dutch). Treinreiziger. 2015-07-23. Archived from the original on 2015-12-24. Aan het einde van 2016 hebben naar verwachting alle 113 Citadis-trams airco. Dagelijks wordt de Rotterdamse tram door zo'n 130.000 mensen gebruikt.
  35. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 2015-07-13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-13. Retrieved 2017-07-25.
  36. ^ "Nottingham tram Phase Two contract signed". Railway Gazette International. 15 December 2011.
  37. ^ a b Fenton, Andrew (7 June 2009). "Six new trams for Adelaide – ex-Madrid". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  38. ^ Castello, Renato (24 May 2009). "European trams to bolster our City-Glenelg fleet". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  39. ^ "Here & There" Trolley Wire issue 352 February 2018 page 19
  40. ^ "Low floor trams have arrived!". Yarra Trams. 17 August 2001. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  41. ^ a b c d e f "C-Class". Yarra Trams. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  42. ^ "Mulhouse Light Rail and Tram Train, France". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  43. ^ a b c d e f "C2-Class". Yarra Trams. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  44. ^ "Tram Procurement Program". Public Transport Victoria. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  45. ^ a b c Alstom to deliver to Sydney Citadis X05, the latest evolution of its tram range Alstom February 2015
  46. ^ Alstom completes first Citadis X05 LRVs for Sydney International Railway Journal 24 May 2017

External linksEdit