Alpirsbach

Alpirsbach (German: [ˈalpɪʁsbax] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in the district of Freudenstadt in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated in the Black Forest on the Kinzig river, 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) south of Freudenstadt.

Alpirsbach
Alpirsbach, June 2017
Alpirsbach, June 2017
Coat of arms of Alpirsbach
Coat of arms
Location of Alpirsbach
Alpirsbach is located in Germany
Alpirsbach
Alpirsbach
Alpirsbach is located in Baden-Württemberg
Alpirsbach
Alpirsbach
Coordinates: 48°20′46″N 8°24′14″E / 48.34611°N 8.40389°E / 48.34611; 8.40389Coordinates: 48°20′46″N 8°24′14″E / 48.34611°N 8.40389°E / 48.34611; 8.40389
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictFreudenstadt
Subdivisions6
Area
 • Total64.55 km2 (24.92 sq mi)
Elevation
441 m (1,447 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,304
 • Density98/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72271–72275
Dialling codes07444
Vehicle registrationFDS
Websitewww.alpirsbach.de

Because of the local brewery “Alpirsbacher Klosterbräu“, the monastery with the cloister concerts and the famous movable organ as well as the Black Forest Ultra Cycling Marathon “SURM“ Alpirsbach is well-known beyond the region.

HistoryEdit

Alpirsbach developed as a market town around Alpirsbach Abbey,[2] a Benedictine monastery founded in 1095.[3] The monastery and its holdings were ceded to the Duchy of Württemberg by the Peace of Westphalia. In 1810, the by-then Kingdom of Württemberg made Alpirsbach the seat of a district office, but three years later it was assigned to Oberamt Oberndorf [de]. Alpirsbach received town privileges in 1869 and was connected by railroad in 1886. The township was reassigned to the district of Freudenstadt in 1938. After World War II, it began expanding along the steep mountain slopes of the Kinzig river.[2]

GeographyEdit

The township (Stadt) covers an area of 64.55 square kilometers (24.92 sq mi) of the Freudenstadt district, within the state of Baden-Württemberg and the Federal Republic of Germany. Alpirsbach is physically located in the upper Kinzig valley, in the Central Black Forest, but also in the Upper Gäu [de] at the municipal area's western extremity. The Kinzig marks the township's lowest elevation, 399 meters (1,309 ft) above sea level NN, while its highest, 800 meters (2,600 ft) NN, is in the mountainous northwest.[2]

The Glaswiesen und Glaswald [de] Federally-protected nature reserve is located within Alpirsbach.[2]

Politics and administrationEdit

Mayors        Edit

  • 1819–1833: Johann Georg Faßnacht
  • ????–1848: Köstlin
  • 1848–1850: Schliz
  • 1857–1882: Albert Heinzelmann
  • 1882–1889:
  • 1889–1895: Ernst Gottlob Schöck
  • 1895–1918: Wilhelm Rieker
  • 1918–1926: Wilhelm Schwarz
  • 1926–1933: Friedrich Reichert
  • 1933–1945: Otto Rommel (NSDAP, afterwards mayor of Holzgerlingen)
  • 1945–1948: Robert Faulhaber
  • 1949–1967: Otto Müller (between 1938–1945 mayor of Holzgerlingen)
  • 1967–1974: Hans Volle (CDU, afterwards administrative head of the district Tuttlingen)
  • 1974–2000: Peter Dombrowsky (CDU, afterwards administrative head of the district Freudenstadt)
  • 2000–2008: Roland Wentsch (independent)
  • 2008–2016: Reiner Ullrich (SPD)
  • since 2016: Michael E. Pfaff (independent)

Municipal councilEdit

After the election on 25th May 2019 the municipal council of Alpirsbach consists of:

SPD / Grüne 18,9 % 3 Sitze
FWV 71,5 % 5 Sitze
UBL1 4 Sitze
ZfA2 4 Sitze
Frauenliste 9,5 % 2 Sitze

1 Unabhängige Bürgerliste

2 Zukunft für Alpirsbach

Constituent communitiesEdit

Alpirsbach is divided into Alpirsbach itself and the constituent communities Ehlenbogen, Peterzell, Reinerzau, Reutin and Römlinsdorf.

Town partnershipsEdit

Since the small Black forest town and the French town Neuville-sur-Saône established an official town partnership in 1973 numerous visits and events have taken place. For example, there is a regular school exchange of the French Colleges Jean Renoir and Notre Dame de Belgarde and the German schools Progymnasium Alpirsbach and the local Realschule.  

Coat of armsEdit

The municipal coat of arms for Alpirsbach displays a crosier in golden upon a field of azure. This device was originally the coat of arms of Alpirsbach Abbey from the 15th century until its dissolution, and came to represent Alpirsbach in 1827. The coat of arms was approved by the Freudenstadt district office on 13 August 1976, though it had been in official use since 1953.[2]

InfrastructureEdit

Educational facilitiesEdit

Toddlers and children can be looked after in one of Alpirsbach's seven kindergartens. Afterwards they go to the Alpirsbach Primary School or its branch in Peterzell. After primary school, children can attend one of the three secondary schools in town or go to secondary schools in the proximity immediately. The Sulzberg educational center in Alpirsbach houses the Werkrealschule and Realschule Oberes Kinzigtal and the Progymnasium Alpirsbach.[4] To obtain their A-Levels pupils must continue their studies in one oft he bigger towns nearby such as Freudenstadt. The nearest universities are in Freiburg, Tübingen, Karlsruhe and Stuttgart.

Public health and careEdit

At least three general practitioners and three dentists practice in Alpirsbach. There are two pharmacies as well as an old people's home in the town center.[5] The nearest hospital is in Freudenstadt - about 20km away.

Public safetyEdit

Alpirsbach has its own police station. The local voluntary firebrigades of Alpirsbach-Rötenbach, Ehlenbogen, Reinerzau and the so called Höhenstadtteile ensure fire protection.

Cultural facilities and tourismEdit

Alpirsbach attracts many visitors and tourists from all over the world every year. People come to visit one of the classical cloister concerts or find their favourite beer and enjoy live music during the Hopfenfest.

During the visit, you can see many historic buildings such as the monastery of Alpirsbach with its movable organ or the old town hall with its arcades. There are also numerous old framework houses. One of the most striking of them is certainly the restaurant Löwenpost.

Besides the Löwenpost, there are many other good restaurants such as the Bella Roma, the Zwickel und Kapps and the Rössle. You can drink delicious cocktails in the Muggelcaf, a bar which is very popular with locals. If you have a sweet tooth, you will be happy in the confectionery Heinzelmann which manufactures fine chocolates or the Café am Kloster which offers a broad variety of delicious cakes every day.

Visitors will notice that many of the houses in the old town are covered with small wood boards which are typical of the Black forest. In one of them you can find the Offizin, which is a printing press museum. Here you can take part in printing workshops or marvel at the mechanisms of old printing presses. On the upper floor of the house you can find a small art gallery.

In the town center you can also find the old brewery building in which there is a brewery museum and a shop. There are regular guided tours which give insight into the process of brewing. Nearby you will find an affectionately arranged museum of town history. Over several floors, the various crafts and the history of the town are presented here. Another old craft is maintained by a glassblower and can be viewed live by visitors to the glassblowing workshop.

The library of Alpirsbach which is found in the "Haus des Gastes" offers a huge variety of books.

Recreational facilities and sportEdit

The citizens of Alpirsbach are happy to have their own public swimming pool in Rötenbach. There are also a tennis court, a golf court, a football field and two gyms to do sport, if you do not want to go n a mountain bike or walking tour around town.

Behind the monstry you can rest in the small but well-kept spa garden.

Clubs and associationsEdit

The citizens of Alpirsbach can join a variety of clubs and associations.[6]

TransportEdit

The B294, which runs through Alpirsbach, connects the town with Freudenstadt in the north and via the B462 with Schramberg in the south. Alpirsbach is centrally located between the A5 and A81 motorways. Via the Murg valley in the west, you can reach the A5 within 1 hour, heading for Frankfurt, Karlsruhe or Basel, Freiburg. In the opposite direction, it takes about 40 minutes to reach the A81, which leads to Stuttgart or Lake Constance.

Alpirsbach is located on the railroad line Freudenstadt - Hausach – Offenburg. Trains run every hour.[7] Destinations like Stuttgart, Karlsruhe and Straßburg can thus be reached easily by changing the train only once.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Alpirsbach". LEO-BW (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  3. ^ Harter, Hans. "Benediktinerabtei Alpirsbach - Geschichte". Klöster in Baden-Württemberg (in German). Baden-Württemberg State Archive [de]. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Stadt Alpirsbach | Jugend und Bildung". www.stadt-alpirsbach.de. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  5. ^ "Stadt Alpirsbach | Gesundheitswesen". www.stadt-alpirsbach.de. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  6. ^ "Stadt Alpirsbach | Vereine". www.stadt-alpirsbach.de. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  7. ^ "Stadt Alpirsbach | Anreise". www.stadt-alpirsbach.de. Retrieved 2020-09-01.