Alphonso Lingis

Alphonso Lingis (born November 23, 1933) is an American philosopher, writer and translator, with Lithuanian roots, currently Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Pennsylvania State University. His areas of specialization include phenomenology, existentialism, modern philosophy, and ethics. Lingis is also known as a photographer,[1] and he complements the philosophical themes of many of his books with his own photography.

Alphonso Lingis
Born (1933-11-23) November 23, 1933 (age 86)
Alma materCatholic University of Leuven (PhD), Loyola University Chicago (BA)
Era20th-century philosophy, Contemporary philosophy
SchoolContinental philosophy
InstitutionsPennsylvania State University (emeritus)
Main interests
Phenomenology, Existentialism, Modern philosophy, Ethics


Lingis attended Loyola University in Chicago, then pursued graduate studies at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium. His doctoral dissertation, written under Alphonse de Waelhens, was a discussion of the French phenomenologists Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. Returning to the United States, Lingis joined the faculty at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh. In the mid-1960s he moved to Penn State University, where he published numerous scholarly articles on the history of philosophy, developing a passionate engagement with Continental philosophy that would prove vital to his later book career.[2] Lingis also began working at his translation projects, and over the years, translated authors included Emmanuel Levinas, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Pierre Klossowski.[3]

His first book was Excesses (1983). Lingis followed up on this project in 1994 by publishing three books: The Community of Those Who Have Nothing in Common, Abuses, and Foreign Bodies. In 2000, in his mid-60’s, Lingis released Dangerous Emotions, which involved a series of limit-experience “dares” along with references to a broad range of philosophical topics. Later books include Trust (2004), The First Person Singular (2007), Violence and Splendor (2011) and Irrevocable: A Philosophy of Mortality (2018). In the books listed above, Lingis’s philosophical style is visceral and occasionally obscene. These books involve a jet-set Continental philosophy-referencing anthropology. Lingis’s motto from Abuses (1994) that “The unlived life is not worth examining” is categorically emphasized in these books.[4] Lingis’s “phenomenology” monographs, on the other hand, (e.g. The Imperative (1998)) emphasize the Socratic point that “The unexamined life is not worth living.”


  • Excesses: Eros and Culture (1983)
  • Libido: The French Existential Theories (1985)
  • Phenomenological Explanations (1986)
  • Deathbound Subjectivity (1989)
  • The Community of Those Who Have Nothing in Common (1994)
  • Abuses (1994)
  • Foreign Bodies (1994)
  • Sensation: Intelligibility in Sensibility (1995)
  • The Imperative (1998)
  • Dangerous Emotions (2000)
  • Trust (2004)
  • Body Transformations (2005)
  • The First Person Singular (2007)
  • Wonders Seen in Forsaken Places: An Essay on the Photographs and the Process of Photography of Mark Cohen (2010)
  • Contact [photographs] (2010)
  • Violence and Splendor (2011)
  • The Alphonso Lingis Reader, edited by Tom Sparrow (2018)
  • Irrevocable: A Philosophy of Mortality (2018)

Translations (French into English)Edit

  • Emmanuel Levinas, De l’existence à l’existant (1947). Translated by Lingis as Existence and Existents (2001).
  • Emmanuel Levinas, Totalité et infini: essai sur l’extériorité (1961). Translated by Lingis as Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority (1969).
  • Emmanuel Levinas, Autrement qu’être ou au-delà de l’essence (1974). Translated by Lingis as Otherwise than Being, or Beyond Essence (Springer, 1991). ISBN 978-90-247-2374-4
  • Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Le visible et l’Invisible (1964). Translated by Lingis as The Visible and the Invisible (1968).
  • Pierre Klossowski, Sade, mon prochain (1947). Translated by Lingis as Sade My Neighbor (1991).

Secondary literatureEdit

  • Thomas J. Altizer, Edward Casey, Thomas L. Dumm, et al., Encounters with Alphonso Lingis (2003)
  • Bobby George and Tom Sparrow, Itinerant Philosophy: On Alphonso Lingis (2014)
  • Randolph Wheeler, Anne Ashbaugh, Wolfgang W. Fuchs, Graham Harman, Alexander E. Hooke, Alphonso Lingis, et al., Passion in Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Alphonso Lingis (2016)
  • Alexander E. Hooke, Alphonso Lingis and Existential Genealogy: The First Full Length Study Of The Work Of Alphonso Lingis (2019)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Alphonso Lingis: Professor Emeritus of Philosophy". Penn State Department of Philosophy. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  3. ^ Shindler, Michael (February 10, 2019). "Lingis Among the Nightingales". The University Bookman. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  4. ^ Lingis, Alphonso. “Antarctic Summer,” in Abuses, p. 91. Print.

External linksEdit