Alpha Epsilon Pi

Alpha Epsilon Pi (ΑΕΠ), commonly known as AEPi, is a college fraternity founded at New York University in 1913 by Charles C. Moskowitz. The fraternity has more than 186 active chapters across the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Austria,[2] Australia, and Israel, and has initiated more than 102,000 members. Although the fraternity is based upon Jewish principles, it is non-discriminatory and is open to all who are willing to espouse its purpose and values.[3]

Alpha Epsilon Pi
ΑΕΠ
The official crest of Alpha Epsilon Pi
FoundedNovember 7, 1913; 106 years ago (1913-11-07)
New York University
TypeSocial
EmphasisJewish
ScopeInternational
United States, Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, Austria, and Australia
MottoDeveloping Leadership for the Jewish Community.[1]
Colors     Gold
     Blue
FlagAlpha Epsilon Pi flag.jpg
FlowerFleur-de-lis
MascotLion
PublicationThe Lion
PhilanthropyConference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations
Chapters146 Active, 86 Inactive
Colonies19
Members9,000+ undergraduate collegiate
102,000+ lifetime
Headquarters8815 Wesleyan Road
Indianapolis, Indiana
United States
Websitehttp://www.AEPi.org

HistoryEdit

 
The AEPi house at the University of Maryland, College Park

Alpha Epsilon Pi was founded in 1913 under the Washington Square Arch at New York University (NYU) by Charles C. Moskowitz and 10 other Jewish men: David K. Schafer, Isador M. Glazer, Herman L. Kraus, Arthur E. Leopold, Benjamin M. Meyer, Arthur M. Lipkint, Charles J. Pintel, Maurice Plager, Hyman Shulman, and Emil J. Lustgarten. These men are known as the "Immortal 11." Their first pledge was Samuel L. Epstein.[4]

Charles C. Moskowitz had just transferred to New York University's School of Commerce from the City College of New York. Several fraternities at the School of Commerce expressed interest in him and one gave him a bid. The name of that fraternity is unknown. When Charles asked whether his close Jewish friends could join as well, he was told that the invitation was for him alone. At this point, the group of 11 men began meeting regularly in a German Ratskeller called "Haan's Ladies' and Gentlemen's Restaurant, Cafe and Rathskeller". Official school recognition of AEPi was granted on November 7.[4]

The founding members intended for AEPi to be a national fraternity even before the second chapter at NYU was designated "Alpha Chapter." In 1917, the local fraternity Phi Tau at Cornell University became the Beta Chapter of AEPi.[5]

Only fifty-two men had been initiated into AEPi at the start of World War I. Almost every undergraduate and alumnus of the fraternity served in the military, causing the fraternity to become nearly inactive during the war years.[4]

In the years between the world wars, Alpha Epsilon Pi grew to twenty-eight chapters. Expansion remained dormant throughout World War II as many fraternity members served in the war effort.[4]

With the end of the war and the shift of the national headquarters to St. Louis, Alpha Epsilon Pi had gained new life and momentum in its reopening of inactive chapters, expansion to new campuses, and the merging with other locals that had seen reduced membership as a result of the war. In 1940, Sigma Omega Psi joined Alpha Epsilon Pi adding three chapters, as did Sigma Tau Phi in 1947.[4]

The next two decades were a time of steady growth for Alpha Epsilon Pi, as well as other fraternities. However, with the onset of fighting in Vietnam in the early 1960s, fraternity life faltered. Liberal student bodies revolted against authority and the Greek system, which was seen as a conservative, elitist group.[4] Membership plummeted and nearly half the chapter roll was lost. However, the fraternity was able to reverse the trend and stabilize membership numbers following the end of the Vietnam War.[4]

In 2009, AEPi became the first fraternity to establish a chapter in Israel at the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliya.[6][7]

In 2014, AEPi was the first college student organization to be admitted as a full member to the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations.[8]

In 2015, AEPi became the first fraternity to establish a chapter in Australia.[9]

Coat of armsEdit

To Brothers it is known as the "Cofa," arranged by the initials of the phrase. The coat of arms of Alpha Epsilon Pi contains a number of symbolic objects, the true meaning of which is only revealed to brothers during their initiation into the fraternity.[5] Regardless, the coat of arms does contain symbols which have a history in Judaism obvious to the uninitiated and even to non-Jewish people. The crest of the arms contains a menorah intertwined with a star of David. Also, the top of the arms has a lion that could be the Lion of Judah.

Chapter organizationEdit

AEPi has specific titles that are used for its officers; many correspond to Fraternal tradition.[5]

  • President — Master
  • Vice President — Lieutenant Master
  • Secretary — Scribe
  • Treasurer — Exchequer
  • Sergeant at Arms — Brother at Large
  • Master of Ceremonies — Sentinel
  • Head of Recruitment — Rush Chair
  • Pledge Educator — Pledge Master

Alleged discriminatory practices and controversiesEdit

Alpha Epsilon Pi's mission statement describing a "non-discriminatory fraternity"[3] has often come under fire, particularly under former Executive Director Andrew Borans.

In 1990, Alpha Epsilon Pi brothers at MIT decided to disband their chapter after the international fraternity kicked out 45 of 55 members of the chapter. Members believed it was largely in part due to the international fraternity's desire to re-colonize the chapter as a Jewish fraternity.[10] Joseph P. Wong, former Vice President of the chapter who was invited to stay, was quoted saying "AEPi is inherently discriminatory and does not deserve a place on this campus".[10]

In 1998, members of the UCLA chapter dropped out, stating that the international organization was "discriminatory against non-Jewish pledges".[11]

In 2009, the Mu chapter at University of Virginia was shut down, with members claiming the international fraternity told them they "weren't Jewish enough".[12]

In 2015, the Beta Rho chapter at Brown University disaffiliated with Alpha Epsilon Pi, citing mistreatment of non-Jewish members by their international organization, and a lack of emphasis by the international organization on sexual assault education.[13]

In 2016, a freshman female student at College of Charleston sued the fraternity after she stated she was disrobed, served drugs and alcohol, and raped while one of the fraternity members recorded the assault on his cellphone during the fraternity's Bid Day celebration party. In her lawsuit, it states she had been seeking unspecified damages for her "serious personal injuries" that have required hospitalization, doctor's care and other treatment. As a result of the lawsuit, two fraternity members, Timothy Eli Seppi and James F. West III, identified in the incident were arrested and released on bail and the fraternity charter was revoked.[14]

In 2018, all but one brother at the chapter at Union College resigned their life membership in AEPi in response to perceived discrimination by the international fraternity against non-Jewish brothers.[15] In this case, membership audits were facilitated by the international office. This resulted in the removal of every active non-Jewish brother, while only a single Jewish brother was removed by the international office. The international office cited "continued non-compliance with the health and safety regulations of the national organization"; however, many of those removed were new to the chapter and, therefore, could not possibly have violated any of these regulations.[16]

In 2019, the chapter at the University of Arizona was kicked off campus for code-of-conduct violations including alcohol use, hazing and bodily harm to pledges.[17]

In 2019, the chapter at Emory University was mandated to shut down for at least two years due to hazing pledges and alcohol violations.[18]

In 2020, the chapter at Pennsylvania State University was suspended due to four members being accused of sexual assault at their fraternity house.[19][20]

In 2020, the chapter at the University of St Andrews suspended several members over allegations of more than twelve rapes and sexual assaults.[21]

International organization structureEdit

AEPi is governed in a diamond model. It consists of the Alpha Epsilon Pi Foundation,[22] the Fiscal Control Board, the Executive Office and the Supreme Board of Governors.[23]

The Alpha Epsilon Pi Foundation is the charitable arm of the organization. It directs the philanthropic affairs of the fraternity, supports projects of a Jewish and fraternal nature, and provides support for the individual chapters and colonies. They work very closely with the Director of Jewish Programming.[23]

The Fiscal Control Board (FCB) is responsible for the financial well-being of the organization. It oversees the financial decisions of the apparatus, and makes recommendations to the Supreme Board of Governors. Each member of the FCB is also on the Board of Directors of the AEPi Foundation.[23]

The Executive Office is made up of the professional staff that oversees the day-to-day functions of the fraternity. The staff consists of the housing coordinator, the leadership consultants, the Director of Jewish Programming, and the Executive Director.[23] The current Executive Director is Jim Fleischer.

The Supreme Board of Governors is made up of 11 positions: Supreme Master (President); Supreme Master-Elect (President-Elect/VP); Supreme Scribe (Secretary); Supreme Exchequer (Treasurer); Supreme Sentinel (Sergeant-at-Arms); five Supreme Governors at-large (other alumni members); and the Immediate Past Supreme Master[24]

The Supreme Board of Governors makes the majority of decisions for the fraternity's well-being and meets semi-annually to discuss matters of importance, including the granting of charters.

Leadership input to the SBG from the undergraduate membership is accepted from The Undergraduate Cabinet, whose members are elected annually in the winter.[24]

Notable alumniEdit

Alpha Epsilon Pi has notable alumni across many different industries and fields. AEPi counts among its members at least 7 billionaires, including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and Las Vegas Sands founder Sheldon Adelson. Alumni also include the founders of Tinder, Lyft, Home Depot and Hotels.com as well as former/current presidents or chairmen of Citigroup, ESPN, MGM Studios, Walt Disney Studios, 20th Century Fox and NBC Television. In sports, AEPi alumni include the founder and first owner of the Harlem Globetrotters, current owner of the Chicago Bulls and Chicago White Sox, the CEO of the Atlanta Hawks, president of the Florida Panthers, the commissioner of the National Hockey League and at least 2 Olympians. In American politics, AEPi has had at least 6 U.S. Representatives, 1 U.S. Senator, 1 U.S. Governor, a former Israeli Ambassador to the United States and a U.S. State Supreme Court Justice. In Canadian politics, AEPi alumni include the former Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, the current and one former Israeli Ambassador to Canada, as well as Canada's first Jewish Cabinet member and Deputy Prime Minister of Canada. In arts & entertainment, AEPi alumni include Pritzker Prize-winning architect Frank Gehry, Academy Award and Emmy Award-winner James L. Brooks, both members of Simon & Garfunkel, singer/rapper Hoodie Allen, actor Gene Wilder, as well as co-creator of American Dad! Matt Weitzman, and Family Guy writer Neil Goldman. The fraternity also counts 3 Nobel Prize-winners among its alumni.

List of chapters and alumni clubsEdit

The fraternity currently has 186 active chapters and colonies in eleven of the fourteen Big Ten Conference schools, seven of eight Ivy League schools, and eight of the ten University of California campuses. It is also the largest international fraternity in Canada, California, New York, and Massachusetts. The fraternity established the Aleph chapter[7] in Israel during the spring of 2009, located in the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliya.[25] It has since expanded to other universities in Israel. In 2011, the fraternity expanded to the United Kingdom, establishing a colony at St Andrews in the spring, followed by Birmingham and Leeds in the fall. As of March 2017 there are 5 active chapters and 4 active colonies in the UK; St Andrews, Leeds, Birmingham, Nottingham, London, Manchester, Warwick, Liverpool and Bristol. In 2012, the first colony in France was created for the Paris area. As of 2015 AEPi has a colony at the Lauder Business School in Austria. In 2016, AEPi formed a colony in Australia.

The fraternity also has 24 active alumni clubs in several major cities.[26]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AEPi". AEPi.
  2. ^ "Alpha Epsilon Pi - AEPi Vienna". www.facebook.com.
  3. ^ a b "Alpha Epsilon Pi International mission statement". Archived from the original on 12 October 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "History". Alpha Epsilon Pi. Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Dunn, Sidney N. (2003). Alpha Epsilon Pi: Commitment for a lifetime. Indianapolis, Indiana: Alpha Epsilon Pi Fraternity, Inc.
  6. ^ Strauss, Ilana (15 June 2009). "Israel's first college fraternity opens". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 29 December 2009.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b Udasin, Sharon. "Brothers in the Holy Land: AEPi chapter in Herzliya is first college fraternity in Israel". Retrieved 16 July 2009.
  8. ^ JTA (7 January 2014). "Jewish Fraternity Becomes Full Member of Conference of Presidents". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  9. ^ "AEPi Opens First Fraternity Chapter in Australia | Alpha Epsilon Pi". Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-07.
  10. ^ a b "MIT withdraws AEPi recognition - The Tech". tech.mit.edu.
  11. ^ "Fraternity under fire for denying membership to minority pledge". dailybruin.com.
  12. ^ "National Chapter Locks UVa. Fraternity Brothers Out of their House". newsplex.com.
  13. ^ Owens, Ben (27 January 2016). "Owens '17: Why we disaffiliated from AEPi". browndailyherald.com.
  14. ^ dpan@postandcourier.com, Deanna Pan. "Alleged rape victim sues College of Charleston, Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity". postandcourier.com.
  15. ^ "The Concordiensis - AEPI Loses Nearly All Members Amid Discrimination Allegations". muse.union.edu.
  16. ^ "The Concordiensis | AEPI Loses Nearly All Members Amid Discrimination Allegations". muse.union.edu. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  17. ^ https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-education/2019/11/13/alpha-epsilon-pi-fraternity-loses-status-ua-hazing-investigation/4181621002/
  18. ^ https://emorywheel.com/aepi-suspended-for-at-least-two-years/
  19. ^ https://nypost.com/2020/01/23/penn-state-frat-suspended-after-four-members-are-accused-of-sex-assault/
  20. ^ https://www.centredaily.com/news/local/education/penn-state/article239497338.html
  21. ^ Johnson, Jamie (10 July 2020). "Exclusive: University of St Andrews fraternity suspends members over rape and sexual assault allegations". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Support Us". aepi.org. 28 February 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d "Contact Us - Alpha Epsilon Pi". 21 February 2009. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009.
  24. ^ a b "Supreme Constitution- AEPi". 4 December 2018.
  25. ^ Greenspan, Mordy. "AEPii Fraternity hosts Beach Volleyball Tournament" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2009.
  26. ^ "AEPi Alumni Associations". Archived from the original on 2017-04-26. Retrieved 2017-04-30.

External linksEdit