All-Russia People's Front
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The All-Russia People's Front (Russian: Общероссийский народный фронт Obshcherossiyskiy narodnyy front), known by its Russian acronym ONF, is a political coalition in Russia started in 2011 by then-Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin to provide United Russia with "new ideas, new suggestions and new faces". It is intended to be a formal alliance between the ruling party and numerous Russian nongovernmental organizations. On 12 June 2013, Putin was elected its leader.
|Founded||6 May 2011|
|Political position||Big tent|
|Colors||White, blue, red |
(Russian national colors)
|Seats in the State Duma|
341 / 450
At the meeting of United Russia on 6 May 2011, Putin called for the creation of a "broad popular front [of] like-minded political forces" to participate in the Duma election. He included United Russia and other political parties, business associations, trade unions and youth', women's and veterans' organizations. He claimed that United Russia's party list would include non-party candidates nominated by these organizations.
A website was set up involving headquarters, regional branches and leadership. The Front urged individuals and groups that care about the "fate" and "victory" of Russia and want "access to participation in power" to fill out an application on the website. Putin's aides have stated that he is the "informal head" of the popular front, but deputy prime minister and chief of government staff Vyacheslav Volodin was named the head of the popular front headquarters.
In April 2011 at a meeting with the Coordinating Council of the People's Front, Putin said the activities of the front would continue after the election season. At the same meeting, Putin also said that Russia should ensure that the parliament remained a leading political force. By May 2011, hundreds of businesses had enlisted their workforces in the organization, including around 40,000 from the Siberian Business Union.
On 12 June 2013, the movement convened its inaugural congress, electing Putin as its leader. The congress also elected the front’s Central Staff: film director Stanislav Govorukhin, Delovaya Rossiya, co-chairman Alexander Galushka and State Duma member Olga Timofeyeva.
According to the Charter, the Front’s goal is "promotion of unity and civil solidarity in the name of Russia’s historical success"; the country’s development as a free, strong and sovereign state with a robust economy; fast economic growth; and reliance on the family. On the list of the ONF founders were 480 people, including trade union activists, workers, scientists, culture workers, athletes, businessmen, farm and medical workers and politicians.
On 4 December 2013, the conference of the Front was held. The conference, which ran until 6 December, discussed the process of implementing reforms in healthcare, economy, community services, education and culture. The meeting held numerous round tables on the president’s so-called "May decrees" and tackled internal agenda items.
On October 21, 2019, the Supreme Court of Russia, following a lawsuit by the Ministry of Justice, liquidated the Agrarian Party of Russia for insufficient participation in the elections for 7 years, thus also ending its participation in the Front.
339 / 450
|Rodina - Motherland-National Patriotic Union
1 / 450
|outside support for government|
|Patriots of Russia
0 / 450
|not in government|
|Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine
Прогрессивная социалистическая партия Украины
0 / 450(seats in Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine)
|not in Russia, not in government of Ukraine|
The All-Russia People's Front also includes the following organisations:
- Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia
- Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs
- Young Guard of United Russia
- Siberian Business Union
- All-Russian Public Civil-Patriotic Movement
- Union of Pensioners of Russia
- Union of Transport Workers of Russia
- Union of Russia Women
- Killed Roads movement
- Support of Russia
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- Sakwa, Richard (2013). Power and Policy in Putin's Russia. Routledge. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-317-98994-3. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- de Vogel, Sasha (25 October 2012). "New Russian "Patriots"". The Institute of Modern Russia. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- Putin becomes Popular Front for Russia leader, Interfax-Ukraine (13 June 2013)
- "People's Front to Remain Active After Elections - Putin, RIA Novosti, April 3, 2012". En.rian.ru. 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
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- Decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation No. AKPI19-796 of October 21, 2019
- "Putin inaugurates new movement amid fresh protests". BBC. Retrieved 2013-06-12.