Alexandre Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord

Alexandre Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord (16 October 1736, Paris – 20 October 1821, Paris) was a French churchman and politician. He was the paternal uncle of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (1754–1838).


Alexandre Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord

Cardinal, Archbishop of Paris,
Grand Almoner of France, Peer of France
Alexandre-Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
ArchdioceseParis
SeeNotre-Dame de Paris
Installed1 October 1817
Term ended20 October 1821
PredecessorJean-Sifrein Maury
SuccessorHyacinthe-Louis de Quélen
Other postsArchbishop of Reims
Archbishop of Traianopolis
Abbot of Notre-Dame de Cercamp
Personal details
Born(1736-10-16)16 October 1736
Paris, France
Died20 October 1821(1821-10-20) (aged 85)
Paris, France
NationalityFrench
EducationSaint-Sulpice Seminary, Paris
Collège de La Flèche, Paris

LifeEdit

EducationEdit

Alexandre Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord attended the Jesuit school of La Flèche en Sarthe. He continued at the Saint-Sulpice seminary in Paris where he graduated with a degree in theology and the law faculty at Reims where he obtained a license in utroque jure that is to say, canon law and civil law.

Early ecclesiastical careerEdit

Talleyrand-Périgord was ordained a priest in 1761. He returned to the service of the vicar general of the Bishopric of Verdun in 1762. He was elected bishop in partibus of Trajanopolis and was appointed Bishop coadjutor of Reims on December 27, 1766. He was also Grand Almoner of France. He was elevated to the Archbishopric of Reims on October 27, 1777 and became Abbot commendatory of the abbey Notre-Dame de Cercamp from 1777 to 1789.

Talleyrand-Périgord was a member of the Assembly of the Clergy from 1780 to 1788, member of the Assembly of Notables in 1787 and deputy of the clergy to the Estates General of 1789.

ExileEdit

After the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, he emigrated in 1790 and stayed successively in Aix-la-Chapelle, Weimar and Brunswick. He had the abbot Nicolas Baronnet (1744–1820), vicar of Cernay-en-Dormois (Marne), as his secretary during this time. In 1801, he refused to submit to the Concordat between the Pope and Napoleon Bonaparte and did not resign his position as Archbishop of Reims.

In 1803 he became the representative of the Bourbon heir, Louis XVIII, who was exiled in Poland. Together they came to England, living at Gosfield Hall in Essex and Hartwell House, Buckinghamshire. In 1808, Louis appointed him Grand Almoner, a position he would continue to occupy after the Restoration and until his death.

RestorationEdit

In 1814 he returned to France upon the first Restoration, and in 1815 he followed Louis XVIII back into exile during the Hundred Days. After the second Restoration, he became a Peer of France. He finally resigned the Archbishopric of Reims on November 8, 1816.

He was one of the main architects of the Concordat of 11 June 1817. Pope Pius VII created him cardinal during the consistory of July 28, 1817. Talleyrand-Périgord was then named Archbishop of Paris on October 1, 1817, but was not installed until 1819.

DistinctionsEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Charles Antoine de La Roche-Aymon
Archbishop of Reims
1777-1816
Succeeded by
Jean Charles de Coucy
Preceded by
Jean-Sifrein Maury
Archbishop of Paris
1817-1821
Succeeded by
Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen