The Albanian Superliga (Albanian: Kategoria Superiore) is a professional league for men's association football clubs. At the top of the Albanian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 10 clubs, and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Albanian First Division. Seasons run from August to May, with teams playing 36 matches each (playing each team in the league four times, twice at home and twice away).

Albanian Superliga
Kategoria Superiore Logo.svg
Founded19 January 1910; 109 years ago (1910-01-19)
CountryAlbania
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams10 (from 2014–15)
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toFirst Division
Domestic cup(s)Albanian Cup
Albanian Supercup
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsSkënderbeu (8th title)
(2017–18)
Most championshipsTirana (24 titles)
Top goalscorerVioresin Sinani (207 goals)[note 1]
TV partnersSuperSport Albania
WebsiteOfficial website
2018–19 Albanian Superliga

The competition was founded in 1930 as the Albanian National Championship during the reign of King Zog, shortly after the creation of the Albanian Football Association. Since 1930, 43 clubs have competed in recognized competitions, while only nine clubs have won the title: KF Tirana (24), Dinamo Tirana (18), Partizani (15), Vllaznia (9), Skënderbeu (8), KF Elbasani (2), Flamurtari (1), Teuta (1) and FK Kukësi (1). The current champions are Skënderbeu, who won their 8th title in 2017–18.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

Football was first introduced to Albania by an English-Maltese priest named Gut Ruter, who visited the Saverian college in Shkodër in 1908. The first football club in Albania was Indipendenca, founded in Shkodër in 1912 by Palokë Nika.[2] The first 90-minute game to be played with two 45 minute halves took place in October 1913 between Indipendenca Shkodër and the occupying Austro-Hungarian Imperial Navy. The game is considered to be the first international game to be played in Albania, and it ended in a 2–1 loss for Indipendenca, with the captain and founder of the club Palokë Nika scoring the only goal for the Albanians.[2][3]

1911 Fier Fair Football TournamentEdit

In 2012 historians discovered that a football tournament had taken place in Albania in 1911, some 19 years before the establishment of the Albanian National Championship and the Albanian Football Association. The Fier Fair Football Tournament (Albanian: Turneu Futbollistik i Panairit të Fierit) took place in Rahije, Fier while Albania was still under the administration of the Ottoman Empire and it consisted of 8 teams which were Tirana, Elbasani, Kavaja, Berati, Peqini, Vlora, Fieri and Lushnja. Tirana won the tournament after defeating Peqini 6–1 in the final. The tournament is not officially recognised by the Albanian Football Association or UEFA. The Albanian Football Association did not organise the tournament as the organisation was not formed until 1930.[4]

World War II championshipsEdit

Albania was invaded by Italy in April 1939 and World War II soon broke out, meaning the Albanian Football Association, much like the other organisations in the country, ceased operating. Despite the war, three championships were held between 1939 and 1942, with Tirana winning the championships in 1939 and 1942 and Shkodra winning in 1940. Despite calls to recognise these championships, the Albanian Football Association maintains the position that the championships were not organised by them and cannot be formally recognised.[5][6][7]

Competition formatEdit

Since the 2014–15 Albanian Superliga, the league consists of 10 clubs, who face each other four times in a conventional round-robin tournament for a total of 36 matches. At the end of the season, the two lowest-placed teams are relegated to Albanian First Division while two highest-placed teams of Albanian First Division are promoted in their place. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head record, then goal difference, and then goals scored.

ClubsEdit

List of seasonsEdit

  Group tournament format
  Season was not played
  Season is not officially recognised
Season Champion Runner-up Third place Top scorer(s) Goals
1930 Tirana Skënderbeu Bashkimi Shkodran Selman Stërmasi 5
1931 Tirana Teuta Uneven group format Teli Samsuri 9
1932 Tirana Bashkimi Shkodran Skënderbeu Selman Stërmasi 11
1933 Skënderbeu Bashkimi Shkodran Tirana Teofik Agaj 7
1934 SK Tirana Skënderbeu Bashkimi Shkodran Mark Gurashi 22
1935 Season was not played
1936 SK Tirana Vllaznia Besa Riza Lushta 11
1937 SK Tirana Vllaznia Besa Riza Lushta 25
1938 Season was not played
1939 Season is not officially recognised
1940 Season is not officially recognised
1941 Season was not played
1942 Season is not officially recognised
1943 Season was not played
1944 Season was not played
1945 Vllaznia SK Tirana Besa Xhevdet Shaqiri 9
1946 Vllaznia Flamurtari 17 Nëntori Xhevdet Shaqiri 11
1947 Partizani Vllaznia Dinamo Korçë Zihni Gjinali 13
1948 Partizani Flamurtari Uneven group format Zihni Gjinali 12
1949 Partizani Vllaznia Ylli i Kuq Durrës Zihni Gjinali 14
1950 Dinamo Partizani Shkodra Loro Boriçi 6
1951 Dinamo Partizani Puna Tiranë Refik Resmja 59
1952 Dinamo Partizani Uneven group format Refik Resmja 10
1953 Dinamo Partizani Puna Tiranë Refik Resmja 9
1954 Partizani Dinamo Puna Tiranë Refik Resmja 13
1955 Dinamo Partizani Puna Tiranë Refik Resmja 14
1956 Dinamo Partizani Puna Tiranë Refik Resmja 17
1957 Partizani Dinamo Puna Korçë Niko Bespalla 12
1958 Partizani Besa 17 Nëntori Skënder Jareci 13
1959 Partizani 17 Nëntori Flamurtari Panajot Pano 9
1960 Dinamo Partizani 17 Nëntori Skënder Jareci 13
1961 Partizani Dinamo 17 Nëntori Panajot Pano 14
1962–63 Partizani Dinamo Besa Panajot Pano 12
1963–64 Partizani Dinamo Besa Robert Jashari 18
1964–65 17 Nëntori Partizani Dinamo Robert Jashari 19
1965–66 17 Nëntori Partizani Dinamo Iljaz Çeço 12
1966–67 Dinamo 17 Nëntori Besa Josif Kazanxhi 17
1968 17 Nëntori Partizani Dinamo Medin Zhega 19
1969–70 17 Nëntori Partizani Vllaznia Skënder Hyka 19
1970–71 Partizani Dinamo Vllaznia Panajot Pano 18
1971–72 Vllaznia 17 Nëntori Dinamo Ilir Përnaska 19
1972–73 Dinamo Partizani Besa Ilir Përnaska 17
1973–74 Vllaznia Partizani Besa Ilir Përnaska 12
1974–75 Dinamo Vllaznia Partizani Ilir Përnaska 16
1975–76 Dinamo 17 Nëntori Vllaznia Ilir Përnaska 19
1976–77 Dinamo Skënderbeu Vllaznia Ilir Përnaska 17
1977–78 Vllaznia Luftëtari Partizani Agim Murati 12
1978–79 Partizani 17 Nëntori Besa Agim Murati 13
1979–80 Dinamo 17 Nëntori Vllaznia Përparim Kovaçi 18
1980–81 Partizani Dinamo 17 Nëntori Dashnor Bajaziti 12
1981–82 KF Tirana Flamurtari Dinamo Vasil Ruci 12
1982–83 Vllaznia Partizani 17 Nëntori Dashnor Bajaziti 16
1983–84 Elbasani KF Tirana Partizani Vasil Ruci 12
1984–85 17 Nëntori Dinamo Vllaznia Arben Minga, Faslli Fakja 13
1985–86 Dinamo Flamurtari 17 Nëntori Kujtim Majaci 20
1986–87 Partizani Flamurtari Vllaznia Arben Arbëri 14
1987–88 17 Nëntori Flamurtari Labinoti Agustin Kola 18
1988–89 17 Nëntori Partizani Dinamo Agustin Kola 19
1989–90 Dinamo Partizani Flamurtari Kujtim Majaci 19
1990–91 Flamurtari Partizani Besa Kliton Bozgo 29
1991–92 Vllaznia Partizani Teuta Edmir Bilali 22
1992–93 Partizani Teuta Besa Edmond Dosti 21
1993–94 Teuta Tirana Flamurtari Edi Martini 14
1994–95 Tirana Teuta Partizani Arben Shehu 21
1995–96 Tirana Teuta Partizani Altin Çuko 21
1996–97 KF Tirana Vllaznia Vllaznia Viktor Paço 14
1997–98 Vllaznia Tirana Partizani Dorjan Bubeqi 26
1998–99 Tirana Vllaznia Bylis Artan Bano 23
1999–00 Tirana Tomori Teuta Klodian Arbëri 18
2000–01 Vllaznia Tirana Dinamo Indrit Fortuzi 30
2001–02 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Indrit Fortuzi 24
2002–03 Tirana Vllaznia Partizani Mahir Halili 20
2003–04 Tirana Dinamo Vllaznia Vioresin Sinani 36
2004–05 Tirana Elbasani Dinamo Dorian Bylykbashi 24
2005–06 Elbasani Tirana Dinamo Hamdi Salihi 29
2006–07 Tirana Teuta Vllaznia Vioresin Sinani 23
2007–08 Dinamo Partizani Besa Vioresin Sinani 20
2008–09 Tirana Vllaznia Dinamo Migen Memelli 22
2009–10 Dinamo Besa Tirana Daniel Xhafaj 18
2010–11 Skënderbeu Flamurtari Vllaznia Daniel Xhafaj 18
2011–12 Skënderbeu Teuta Tirana Roland Dervishi 20
2012–13 Skënderbeu Kukësi Teuta Migen Memelli 19
2013–14 Skënderbeu Kukësi Laçi Pero Pejić 20
2014–15 Skënderbeu Kukësi Partizani Pero Pejić 31
2015–16 Skënderbeu Partizani Kukësi Hamdi Salihi 27
2016–17 Kukësi Partizani Skënderbeu Pero Pejić 27
2017–18 Skënderbeu Kukësi Luftëtari Ali Sowe 21

List of clubsEdit

The all-time list of football clubs that have participated in the Superliga, prior to the 2018–2019 season. The ranking is based on the total accumulated points by each club.[9]

  Club was disbanded
No. Club Apps. Matches Wins Ties Losses Goals +/- Points Titles
1 Tirana 78 1912 993 495 424 3146:1701 2817 24
2 Vllaznia 78 1919 880 451 590 3101:1990 2526 9
3 Partizani 65 1598 1000 300 267 2891:1395 2519 15
4 Dinamo 61 1715 852 467 396 2769:1520 2349 18
5 Teuta 77 1909 703 530 695 1894:2151 2132 1
6 Flamurtari 71 1834 646 498 690 2083:2216 1991 1
7 Besa 63 1575 542 444 589 1790:1908 1670
8 Elbasani 65 1593 513 423 654 1673:2029 1626 2
9 Skënderbeu 62 1419 477 376 558 1530:1733 1505 8
10 Lushnja 41 1139 299 326 511 1069:1559 1046
11 Luftëtari 41 1060 307 254 509 991:1491 953
12 Tomori 44 1052 297 321 471 1026:1487 938
13 Apolonia 36 953 273 223 442 962:1438 858
14 Shkumbini 18 553 211 107 228 660:708 713
15 Laçi 18 567 204 120 243 598:749 674
16 Besëlidhja 22 575 148 167 260 556:721 497
17 Bylis 13 376 123 87 166 412:507 453
18 Kukësi 6 203 110 55 38 307:169 384 1
19 Kastrioti 11 350 114 75 160 352:470 372
20 Naftëtari 16 384 90 109 185 322:635 289
21 Shkëndija Tiranë 10 258 68 87 103 217:283 223
22 Albpetrol 6 167 49 33 85 158:259 136
23 Pogradeci 9 210 38 39 133 167:466 118
24 Sopoti 4 112 36 25 51 107:150 110
25 Erzeni 6 98 22 20 56 104:208 83
26 31 Korriku 5 109 23 23 63 96:18 77
27 Kamza 3 62 19 16 27 59:73 73
28 Luftëtari Tiranë 5 50 19 7 24 60:64 45
29 Spartaku Shkodër 2 38 12 10 16 45:82 34
30 Dinamo Shkodër 1 30 13 7 10 46:41 33
31 Dinamo Durrës 3 40 8 13 19 30:71 29
32 Egnatia 1 36 7 7 22 26:48 28
33 Selenica 1 30 10 7 13 33:54 27
34 Gramozi 11 33 6 8 19 25:43 26
35 Kombinati Tiranë 2 30 7 11 12 28:39 25
36 Korabi 2 58 3 13 42 21:116 21
37 Tërbuni 1 36 4 6 26 22:81 18
38 Dinamo Vlorë 1 20 6 4 10 19:48 16
39 Iliria 1 30 7 2 21 22:64 16
40 Spartaku Tiranë 3 22 4 5 13 26:52 13
41 24 Maj Përmet 1 26 4 5 1 9:44 13
42 Ylli Shkodër 1 10 5 1 4 29:15 11
43 Liria Korçë 1 10 3 2 5 16:15 8
44 Studenti 1 26 1 6 19 9:43 8
45 Spartaku Korçë 1 12 2 1 9 10:45 5

UEFA RankingsEdit

Current rankings (2018–19)Edit

UEFA Country Ranking for league participation in 2018–19 European football season (Previous year rank in italics).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ 208 goals acccoring to Albanian media [1]

Citations

  1. ^ Admir Uruçi (12 January 2012). "Vioresin Sinani thotë mjaft: E mbyll si futbollist në fund të këtij edicioni" [Vioresin Sinani says enough: I finish as a player at the end of the season] (in Albanian). Panorama Sport. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b Gjergj Kola. "Palokë Nika – personazhi historik i sportit Shqiptar" (in Albanian). Shkodra Sport. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  3. ^ "Një historik i shkurtër i futbollit në Shkodër" (in Albanian). Vllaznia.al. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  4. ^ Sport Ekspres, 14 February 2012, page 7 Archived 26 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ RSSSF
  6. ^ http://www.giovanniarmillotta.it/albania/calcio/trekampionate.html
  7. ^ AFA's General Assembly: War championships are not legitimate Archived 20 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Albania Superliga: Summary". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  9. ^ Shifrat e 79 Kampionateve