The Aims of the Philosophers

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Maqasid al Falasifa (Arabic: مقاصد الفلاسفة‎), or The Aims of the Philosophers was written by Al-Ghazali. Influenced by Avicenna's works, he wrote this book presenting the basic theories of Philosophy.[1] In this book, he explained in detail about what philosophy is and described basic entities like judgement, concept, premise, and logic. Al-Ghazali stated that one must be well versed in the ideas of the philosophers before setting out to refute their ideas. He also stated that he did not find other branches of philosophy including physics, logic, astronomy or mathematics problematic.[2][3] After writing Maqasid al Falasifa, he wrote another book Tahāfut al-Falāsifa, criticizing the Avicennian school of early Islamic philosophy.[4]

Maqasid al Falasifa (The Aims of the Philosophers)
Maqasid al-falasifah.JPG
Publication date
12th century


This book was influential in Europe and was one of the first to be translated from Arabic to Latin (12th century).[5] The book is also translated into Hebrew and English.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Juergensmeyer, Mark; Roof, Wade Clark (31 January 2018). "Encyclopedia of Global Religion". SAGE – via Google Books.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Ghazali, Al (2000). The Incoherence of the Philosophers. Brigham Young UP. pp. 5–10. ISBN 0-8425-2466-5.
  4. ^ "AVICENNA i. Introductory note – Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  5. ^ "al-Ghazali - Muslim jurist, theologian, and mystic".
  6. ^ Ghazali, Imam. "Maqasid al-falasifah (Aims of the Philosophers) {مقاصد الفلاسفة} by Imam Ghazali - Maktabah Mujaddidiyah".