Agrarian Party of Russia
The Agrarian Party of Russia (APR; Agrarnaya Partiya Rossii, Аграрная Партия России, АПР) was an agrarian political party in Russia. Founded in February 1993, it was among the earliest parties in the Russian Federation.
|Founded||February 26, 1993|
|Dissolved||October 21, 2019|
|Merged into||Communist Party (until 2012)|
United Russia (2012–present)
|Ideology||Agrarian socialism (until 2008)|
Collectivism (until 2008)
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|National affiliation||All-Russia People's Front (one-half)|
Russian Ecological Party "The Greens" (one-half)
The Agrarian Party of Russia was founded on 26 February 1993, by the head of the Altai Republic, Mikhail Lapshin and Vasily Starodubtsev, governor of the Tula region and former member of the USSR's State Committee on the State of Emergency. During their leadership (1993-2004), the party made an alliance with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF) and the Fatherland – All Russia bloc. Until 2008, the party supported agrarian socialism and collectivism.
Founder Mikhail Lapshin led the party until 2004; its most recent leader was Vladimir Plotnikov. In the legislative elections in December 1993, the Agrarian Party obtained 37 seats in the Duma and won 8% of the popular vote. Between 1994 and 1996, one of its party members, Ivan Rybkin, was the speaker of the Russian Parliament. In the legislative elections in December 1995, the APR did not make it over the 5% threshold, obtaining only 3.78% of the votes. In the legislative elections on 7 December 2003, the party won 3.6% of the popular vote and three out of 450 seats in the parliament.
Agrarian Party member Nikolay Kharitonov ran as a presidential candidate from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in the 2004 Russian presidential election and won 13.7% of the votes, coming out second to Vladimir Putin.
In the 1990s, party deputies were usually allies of the Communist Party in the State Duma and advocated greater government support for the agricultural sector.
The party won 2.30% of the votes in the 2007 elections, did not break the 7% barrier, and thus, had no seats in the Duma.
The Agrarian Party supported the candidacy of Dmitry Medvedev in the 2008 Russian presidential election. It later merged with United Russia—the party that currently holds the most seats in the Duma.
The year 2012 marked an especially notable period for the party as it was officially restored, and the registered leader Olga Bashmachnikova was elected Executive Director of the Agricultural Association on May 18. This led the party to take a new direction, moving away from the ideologies of agrarian socialism and collectivism towards centrism. The party has abandoned the Alliance with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF), which was in the union since its foundation. The APR is currently united with the People's Front for Russia and the Russian Ecological Party "The Greens".
According to the results of the elections of 2012, 2013 and 2014, the party failed to win in regional and city parliaments.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2008). "Russia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 9 April 2009.
- The program and Charter of the Agrarian Party of Russia on the website of the Ministry of Justice of Russia
- Decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation No. AKPI19-796 of October 21, 2019