Adullam Grove Nature Reserve (Hebrew: שמורת טבע חורש עדולם‎) is a nature reserve in central Israel, south of Beit Shemesh, managed by the Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority.

Adullam Grove Nature Reserve
שמורת טבע חורש עדולם
Directional Signs in Israel.jpg
LocationCentral Israel
Nearest cityBeit Shemesh
Coordinates31°39′08″N 34°57′22″E / 31.6522848°N 34.95609°E / 31.6522848; 34.95609Coordinates: 31°39′08″N 34°57′22″E / 31.6522848°N 34.95609°E / 31.6522848; 34.95609
Area6,532 dunams (6.532 km2; 2.522 sq mi)
Established1994

Contents

Nature reserveEdit

 
Ruins of Byzantine church, Khirbet Midras, 2010

The reserve was established in 1994, covering 5,380 dunams (5.38 km2; 2.08 sq mi) and was extended to include another 1,152 dunams (1.152 km2; 0.445 sq mi) in 2004.[1] The reserve was declared in order to protect Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub that grow naturally in the area.

 
Colombarium at Hurvat Midras

ArchaeologyEdit

Horvat Midras (Hebrew) or Khirbet Midras (Arabic), sometimes spelled Madras, dated to the 10th century BCE until approximately the 4th century CE, is located within the boundaries of the reserve.[2] Burial caves, hiding tunnels and caves used during the Bar Kokhba revolt in 132-135 CE, a columbarium, and a burial pyramid were discovered at the site. [3]

Flora and faunaEdit

Flora include Buckthorn trees (Rhamnus palaestinus), Oak trees, Greek Strawberry trees, Pistacia lentiscus trees, and various types of Cistus and Hyssop.[4]

See alsoEdit

 
General landscape of the Adullam-France Park in Israel
 
The entrance to a dovecote (columbarium) in the Midras Ruin

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "List of National Parks and Nature Reserves" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  2. ^ שמורת טבע חורש עדולם - חורבת מדרס [Adullam Woods nature reserve - Hurvat Midras] (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  3. ^ Madras ruins in Park Adullam
  4. ^ "Adullam Nature Reserve" (in Hebrew). iNature.info. Retrieved 2010-12-01.

External linksEdit