Adorf (German pronunciation: [ˈadɔʁf] (About this soundlisten)) is a small town and municipality in the Vogtlandkreis to the south-west of the Free State of Saxony, Germany. Gettengrün, a village within the municipality, borders on the Czech Republic.

Adorf
Adorf5066.JPG
Coat of arms of Adorf
Coat of arms
Location of Adorf within Vogtlandkreis district
Adorf-Vogtl. in V.svg
Adorf is located in Germany
Adorf
Adorf
Adorf is located in Saxony
Adorf
Adorf
Coordinates: 50°19′N 12°16′E / 50.317°N 12.267°E / 50.317; 12.267Coordinates: 50°19′N 12°16′E / 50.317°N 12.267°E / 50.317; 12.267
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictVogtlandkreis
Government
 • MayorRico Schmidt (SPD)
Area
 • Total42.92 km2 (16.57 sq mi)
Elevation
494 m (1,621 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total4,919
 • Density110/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
08626
Dialling codes037423
Vehicle registrationV, AE, OVL, PL, RC
Websitehttp://www.adorf-vogtland.de/

EtymologyEdit

The name Adorf can be analysed as "water-village", the "A" coming from old German word for water ("Ahha"), and "dorf" meaning a village.

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations
  Kingdom of Bohemia 1327-1357

  Margraviate of Meissen 1357-1485
  Electorate of Saxony 1485-1547
  Vogtland 1547-1569
  Electorate of Saxony 1569-1697
  Poland-Saxony 1697-1706
  Electorate of Saxony 1706-1709
  Poland-Saxony 1709-1763
  Electorate of Saxony 1763-1806
  Kingdom of Saxony 1806-1918
  German Empire 1871-1918
  Weimar Republic 1918-1933
  Nazi Germany 1933-1945
  Allied-occupied Germany 1945-1949
  East Germany 1949-1990

  Germany 1990-present

Adorf was founded around 1200. In 1293 it gained the status of a "town". The town walls were commenced in 1477. Industries developed because of its favorable position and transport links: crafts, spinning, weaving, embroidery working with mother-of-pearl and musical instrument making. The Johanniskirche was constructed in 1498. The town was destroyed by fire in 1768. The Freiberger Tor, the last remaining town gate in Vogtland, was rebuilt between 1768 and 1773 with a wooden framed upper storey. The current Rathaus was built in 1896- a period when many substantial houses were added to the streets round the market place.[2] It also housed a convalescent home for the poor of the city of Leipzig.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Adorf from the south, from the Brunnenberg
 
Substantial late 19th century buildings in Lessingstr.

Adorf is located in the Elstergebirge, a low mountain range, part of the Erzgebirge. The lowest point in the Adorf district being in Rebersreuth (415 m) and the highest point being the "Hoher Stein" ("high stone") near Gettengrün (632.9 m). This "Hoher Stein" is not the same as the Czech Vysoký kámen 5 km to the east, whose name is also "Hoher Stein" in German.

The town of Adorf lies at the junction of the White Elster and Schwarzbach. These rivers are in deep "V" shaped heavily forested valleys. Many other brooks traverse Adorf: Tetterweinbach, Ameisenlohbach, Eisenbach and others. Alongside the Weise Elster runs the Bundesstrasse B92 and the Plauen–Cheb Line, including Adorf (Vogtl) station, which is operated by Vogtlandbahn, that connects Plauen with Cheb (Eger) in the Czech Republic, and ultimately Pilsen Munich and Prague.

The Schwarzbach has its sources on the Vysoký kámen. Alongside it runs the Bundesstrasse B283 and a further railway line of the Vogtlandbahn, that link to Markneukirchen, Klingenthal and then Zwota and Zwickau.

The district includes the villages: Arnsgrün, Remtengrün, Hermsgrün, Rebersreuth, Leubetha, Freiberg, Jugelsburg and Sorge.

Adorf is bordered by Bad Elster, Eichigt, Markneukirchen Mühlental, and the Czech Republic.

PopulationEdit

  • 1500 - 1,000
  • 1779 - 1,300 (272 Dwellings) [4]
  • 1801 - 1,310 (268 Dwellings) [4]
  • 1815 - 1,862 [4]
  • 1831 - 2,395 (302 Dwellings) [4]
  • 1834 - 2,348 (311 Dwellings) [4]
  • 1910 - 7,887
  • 1960 – 8,832
  • 1971 – 8,398
  • 1998 – 6,396
  • 1999 – 6,296
  • 2000 – 6,214
  • 2001 – 6,127
  • 2002 – 6,017
  • 2004 – 5,817
  • 2005 – 6,096
  • 2007 – 5,563
  • 2008 – 5,474
  • 2013 – 5,178

Places of interestEdit

 
The Freiberger Tor

The "Freiberger Tor" is the only conserved town gate in the Vogtlandkreis, it houses a museum with the biggest exhibition of mother-of-pearl in Germany. Adorf has the longest marketplace in Vogtlandkreis - 231 metres. There is a war memorial for the soldiers who were killed during world war one and a memorial tablet for three citizens who were killed during the German-French war 1870/71. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe spent the night between 3–4 July 1795 at the old staging inn.

Near the town is "Miniaturschauanlage Klein-Vogtland", tourist attraction with models of 50 buildings in the Vogtlandkreis built to a scale of 1:25. Its botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten Adorf, contains over 11,000 plants from high mountains around the world.

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

 
E. O. Plauen 1943

ReferencesEdit

http://www.adorf-vogtland.de/stadt/fakten.htm[permanent dead link]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Topographische Karte, 1:25 000 Blatt 6, Elstergebirge, pub Landesvermessungsamt Sachsen, 1997.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Adorf" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 214.
  4. ^ a b c d e Albert Schiffner: Handbuch der Geographie, Statistik und Topographie des Königreiches Sachsen. Band 1. Leipzig 1839.