Adenau (About this sound ) is a town in the High Eifel in Germany. It is known as the Johanniterstadt because the Order of Saint John was based there in the Middle Ages. The town's coat of arms combines the black cross of the Electorate of Cologne with the lion of the lords of Nürburg. The northern loop of the Nürburgring lies just outside the town.

Adenau
1630 Fachwerk house in marketplace
1630 Fachwerk house in marketplace
Coat of arms of Adenau
Coat of arms
Location of Adenau within Ahrweiler district
RemagenGrafschaftBad Neuenahr-AhrweilerSinzigBad BreisigBrohl-LützingGönnersdorfWaldorfBurgbrohlWassenachGleesNiederzissenWehrGalenbergOberzissenBrenkKönigsfeldSchalkenbachDedenbachNiederdürenbachOberdürenbachWeibernKempenichHohenleimbachSpessartHeckenbachKesselingKalenbornBergKirchsahrLindRechDernauMayschoßAltenahrAhrbrückHönningenKaltenbornAdenauHerschbroichMeuspathLeimbachDümpelfeldNürburgMüllenbachQuiddelbachHümmelOhlenhardWershofenArembergWiesemscheidKottenbornWimbachHonerathBaulerSenscheidPomsterDankerathTrierscheidBarweilerReifferscheidSierscheidHarscheidDorselHoffeldWirftRodderMüschEichenbachAntweilerFuchshofenWinnerathInsulSchuldNorth Rhine-WestphaliaNeuwied (district)VulkaneifelMayen-KoblenzAdenau in AW.svg
About this image
Adenau is located in Germany
Adenau
Adenau
Adenau is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Adenau
Adenau
Coordinates: 50°23′N 6°56′E / 50.383°N 6.933°E / 50.383; 6.933Coordinates: 50°23′N 6°56′E / 50.383°N 6.933°E / 50.383; 6.933
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictAhrweiler
Municipal assoc.Adenau
Government
 • StadtbürgermeisterBernd Schiffarth (CDU)
Area
 • Total18.56 km2 (7.17 sq mi)
Elevation
300 m (1,000 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,962
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
53511–53518
Dialling codes02691
Vehicle registrationAW
Websitewww.stadt-adenau.de

The Breidscheid section of Adenau was a separate municipality until 1952. The lords of Breidscheid are mentioned in the 13th Century. The chapel of Breidscheid is dedicated to Saints Roch and Sebastian and was built in 1630 as a plague chapel.

HistoryEdit

 
Adenau around 1900
 
The Wilhem Tower on the Hohe Acht

Adenau is mentioned for the first time in 992, under the name Adenova. In 1162, Ulrich, Count of Are donated his manor to the Order of St. John (also called the Order of Malta). Adenau was the third oldest settlement of this order in Germany. The members of the order cared for paupers and pilgrims. Until 1518, the Komtur of the order also served as the parish priest.

In 1816 Adenau became the seat of an independent district. The District of Adenau was one of the poorest districts in Prussia. In 1927 the Nürburgring opened, built on the initiative of local magistrate Dr. Otto Creutz. In 1932 the district of Adenau was merged into the district of Ahrweiler.

 
Adenau flood June 1910

DestinationsEdit

Population developmentEdit

The population development of Adenau refers to today's area of Adenau. The numbers 1871-1987 are census results:[2][3]

Year Inhabitants
1815 1.380
1835 1.631
1871 1.592
1905 2.002
1939 2.680
1950 2.869
Year Inhabitants
1961 2.932
1970 3.105
1987 2.712
1997 3.031
2005 2.921
2016 2,925

PoliticsEdit

The town council consists of 20 councillors and the local mayor.

SchoolsEdit

In Adenau, there are three schools: a primary, a secondary (Realschule) and a high school (Gymnasium). The Erich Klausener Gymnasium has 723 pupils and 46 teachers.[4] The secondary school has 486 pupils.[5] (Hauptschule)[6] The primary school has 240 pupils and 21 teachers.

Hohe AchtEdit

The Hohe Acht is a tertiary volcano, the highest peak in the Eifel, rising 747 m above sea level. It is immediately east of Adenau. The Kaiser-Wilhelm-tower has stood on the peak since 1909. The tower was built from 1908 to 1909 on the occasion of the silver wedding of Emperor Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta Victoria. The 16.3 m high tower was designed by architect Freiherr von Tettau and became a protected monument in 1987. The tower offers extensive views of the Eifel landscape.[7]

CultureEdit

 
Rock am Ring, 2005

The international rock festival Rock am Ring is a major cultural event.[8] Every year 80,000 or more people meet near Adenau to "rock". The event first took place in 1985, and was originally planned as a unique event. It was so successful, with 75,000 participants, that it was decided to make it an annual event. There has been one 2-year break since then after attendance numbers fell in 1988, after which the festival resumed in 1991 in a revised format with more emphasis on new acts. The camp associated with the festival is an important part of the experience.

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Adenau is twinned with:

Famous peopleEdit

 
Erich Klausener (around 1928)
 
Panorama of Adenau, 2006

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2018 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2019.
  2. ^ Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz – Regionaldaten
  3. ^ http://www.infothek.statistik.rlp.de/MeineHeimat/detailInfo.aspx?topic=2047&ID=3537&key=0713101001&l=3
  4. ^ "Ekg Adenau". Ekg Adenau. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  5. ^ "Realschule Adenau". Realschule Adenau. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  6. ^ "Hauptschule Adenau". Hauptschule Adenau. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  7. ^ "Kaiser-Wilhelm-Turm". eifel.de. Retrieved 2008-06-19.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Marek Lieberberg. "Rock am ring". Archived from the original on 14 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-19.

External linksEdit