Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt (15 April 1659, Copenhagen – 12 February 1719 Moscow) was a Swedish general.

Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt
Adam Ludvig Lewenhaupt 2.jpg
Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt
Born15 April 1659
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died12 February 1719
Moscow, Russia
Allegiance Holy Roman Empire
Years of serviceHoly Roman Army
Battles/warsGreat Turkish War
Nine Years' War
Great Northern War


He was born on 15 April 1659 in Copenhagen. He attended Lund University, Rostock, Wittenberg and Uppsala, he originally pursued a career in the diplomatic arena, but found this occupation quite undesirable. He then became a soldier, served in the Austrian army against the Turks, and under William III in Holland. He returned to Sweden in 1697. When the Great Northern War broke out, he was placed in command of a newly created regiment of infantry. He was one of the few successful commanders against the Russians in the Baltic region while King Charles XII was on campaign in Poland and Saxony. In 1705 Lewenhaupt won the Battle of Gemauerthof and was appointed Governor of Riga. In 1708, he was ordered to march east with a supply column, to support Charles's primary invasion force in Russia. This led to the Battle of Lesnaya (1708), in which he was defeated and forced to abandon his supplies. In 1709, after having connected with the King's army, Lewenhaupt was given command of the infantry at the disastrous Battle of Poltava (1709) and the Surrender at Perevolochna. He was kept a prisoner in Russia, and he lived in Moscow until his death on 12 February 1719.[1]


His memoirs, edited by his son-in-law, were published at Stockholm in 1757.[2]


  1. ^   Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Lewenhaupt, Adam Ludvig" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  2. ^ "Battle of Poltava". Retrieved 2011-01-18. Count Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt (Leijonhufvud in Swedish) (1659–1719) was a Swedish General of the Infantry, a well-educated and religious aristocrat who was born in a Swedish fortified camp near Copenhagen. He was the son of Count Ludwig Wierich Lewenhaupt, a major-general, and Countess Charlotta Susanna Maria of Hohenlohe and Gleichen. Until the beginning of his military career he attended Lund University (1671), Uppsala University (1675) and Rostock University (1680). ...