Achaemenid dynasty

The Achaemenid dynasty (Persian: دودمان هخامنشی‎) was an ancient Persian royal house. They were the ruling dynasty of Persia from about 700 to 330 BC.[1]

House of Achaemenes
Achaemenid Falcon.svg
Falcon Standard
CountryPersis
Founded730 BC
FounderAchaemenes
Final rulerDarius III
Titles
Estate(s)Persian Empire
Anshan
Parsumash
Dissolution330 BC
Cadet branchesKingdom of Pontus

OriginEdit

The kings of the Achaemenid dynasty were Persian without doubt, but the fact that the mother of Cyrus the Great was a Median has led to the dynasty and its empire being referred to as the Medo-Persian Empire, though this term is most often used in biblical texts.

DynastyEdit

Achaemenid rulers
King Reign (BCE) Comments
Achaemenes 730-650 BC Founder of the Achaemenid dynasty and first King of Persia
Teispes 650-625 BC BC
Cyrus I 625-580 BC
Cambyses I 580-559 BC
Cyrus II 559-530 BC Cyrus the Great was the most notable ancient Persian king and one of the most celebrated strategists and rulers of all time. Cyrus at the top of his reign was simultaneously King of Persia, King of Babylon, King of Media and "King of the Four Corners of the World".
Cambyses II 530-522 BC Conquered Egypt at the Battle of Pelusium, thus adding Pharaoh of Egypt to the titles of Persian kings.
Smerdis 522 BC Might have been an imposter named Gaumata during his short reign.
Darius I 522-486 BC Brought the empire to its greatest extent
Xerxes I 486-465 BC Successfully annexed Athens.
Artaxerxes I 465-424 BC
Xerxes II 424 BC
Sogdianus 424-423 BC
Darius II 423–404 BC
Artaxerxes II 404-358 BC Persia loses Egypt
Artaxerxes III 358-338 BC Persia regains Egypt
Artaxerxes IV 338-336 BC
Darius III 336-330 BC

Family treeEdit

 
 
 
Achaemenes
King of Persia[*]
705–675
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teispes
King of Persia
675–640
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ariaramnes
Prince[*]
 
Cyrus I
King of Persia
640–600
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arsames
Prince[*]
 
Cambyses I
King of Persia
600–559
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hystaspes
Prince[*]
 
Cyrus the Great (Cyrus II)
King of Persia
559–530/28
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Darius the Great (Darius I)
King of Persia
522–486
 
Atossa
Princess
Cambyses II
King of Persia
530–522
 
Smerdis (Bardiya)
Prince (imposter Gaumata ruled as Smerdis[*])
522
 
Artystone
Princess
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xerxes the Great (Xerxes I)
King of Persia
485–465
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artaxerxes I
King of Persia
465–424
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xerxes II
King of Persia
424
 
Sogdianus
King of Persia
424–423
 
Darius II
King of Persia
423–404
 
Arsites
Prince
 
Parysatis
Princess
 
Bagapaios
Prince
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artaxerxes II
King of Persia
404–358
 
Amestris
Princess
 
Cyrus the Younger
Prince
 
Cyrus (IV)
Prince
 
 
 
 
Ostanes
Prince
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artaxerxes III
King of Persia
358–338
 
Ocha
Prince
 
Rodrogune
Princess
 
Apama
Princess
 
Sisygambis
Princess
 
Arsames (II)
Prince
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artaxerxes IV
King of Persia
338–336
 
Parysatis (II)
Princess
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Darius III
King of Persia
336–330
 
Oxathres
Prince
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artaxerxes V
King of Persia
330–329
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stateira II
Princess
 
Alexander the Great (Alexander III)
King of Macedon and Persia
329–323
 
 
 
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ACHAEMENID DYNASTY". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 5 February 2020.