Abdallah bin Fathallah bin Nasrallah Marrash (Arabic: عبد الله بن فتح الله بن نصر الله مرّاش, ALA-LC: ‘Abd Allāh bin Fatḥ Allāh bin Naṣr Allāh Marrāsh; 14 May 1839 – January 17, 1900) was a Syrian writer involved in various Arabic-language newspaper ventures in London and Paris.
عبد الله بن فتح الله بن نصر الله مرّاش
|Born||May 14, 1839|
Aleppo, Ottoman Syria
|Died||January 17, 1900 (aged 60)|
Abdallah Marrash was born in Aleppo, a city of Ottoman Syria (present-day Syria), to an old Melkite family of merchants known for their literary interests. Having earned wealth and standing in the 18th century, the family was well established in Aleppo, although they had gone through troubles: a relative of Abdallah, Butrus Marrash, was killed by the wali's troops in the midst of a Catholic–Orthodox clash in April 1818. Other Melkite Catholics were exiled from Aleppo during the persecutions, among them the priest Jibrail Marrash.[a] Abdallah's father, Fathallah, tried to defuse the Sectarian conflict by writing a treatise in 1849, in which he rejected the Filioque. He had built up a large private library to give his three children Francis, Abdallah and Maryana a thorough education, particularly in the field of Arabic language and literature.
Aleppo was then a major intellectual center of the Ottoman Empire, featuring many thinkers and writers concerned with the future of the Arabs. It was in the French missionary schools that the Marrash family learnt Arabic with French, and other foreign languages (Italian and English). After studying in Aleppo, Abdallah went to Europe to pursue his studies while devoting himself to trade.
Having established himself in Manchester by 1863, he became a naturalized British subject in 1872. He accessed the collections of Arabic manuscripts in London and Paris and copied what he thought was useful to his Middle Eastern compatriots. In 1879, he helped Adib Ishaq found the Parisian journal Misr al-Qahira (Egypt the Victorious). Marrash founded Kawkab al-Mashriq (The Star of the Orient), a monthly Parisian Arabic-French bilingual journal, the first issue of which was published on June 23, 1882; it was ephemeral. In 1882, Marrash settled down in Marseille, where he died on January 17, 1900. He had been a member of the Société Asiatique.
- Griolet & Vergé 1905, p. 76.
- Wielandt 1992, p. 119; Zeidan 1995, p. 50.
- Wielandt 1992, p. 119; Hafez 1993, p. 274.
- Wielandt 1992, p. 120; Charon 1903, p. 115; Kuroki 1993, pp. 6–7.
- Charon 1903, p. 115.
- Wielandt 1992, p. 120; Charon 1903, p. 115.
- Wielandt 1992, p. 120.
- Zeidan 1995, p. 50.
- Wielandt 1992, p. 122; Bosworth et al. 1991, p. 598.
- Bosworth et al. 1991, p. 598.
- "Notizie bio-bibliografiche su autori arabi moderni", p. 285: "II Marrash ebbe un fratello 'Abdallah, che, fatti i suoi studi in Aleppo, passò in Europa, dove, pur dedicandosi al commercio, continuò a coltivare gli studi. Egli frequentava le raccolte di manoscritti arabi esistenti a Parigi e Londra e copiava quello che riteneva utile ai suoi compatriotti".
- Strakers' Annual Mercantile, Ship & Insurance Register, p. 78.
- Griolet & Vergé 1905, p. 77.
- Génériques, p. 121 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGénériques (help); Ayalon 1995, p. 44.
- Ayalon 1987, p. 177.
- Journal asiatique.
- "Notizie bio-bibliografiche su autori arabi moderni". Annali (in Italian). Istituto Universitario Orientale. 1940.
- Ayalon, Ami (1987). Language and Change in the Arab Middle East: the Evolution of Modern Arabic Political Discourse. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195041408.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link).
- Ayalon, Ami (1995). The Press in the Arab Middle East: A History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195087802.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link).
- Bosworth, Clifford Edmund; van Donzel, Emeri; Lewis, Bernard; Pellat, Charles, eds. (1991). Encyclopaedia of Islam. VI. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-08112-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Charon, Cyrille (1903). "L'Église grecque melchite catholique (Suite.)". Revue des études byzantines (in French). 6 (39): 113–118.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Griolet, Gaston; Vergé, Chales-Paul-Laurent, eds. (1905). Jurisprudence générale. Deuxième partie (in French). Dalloz.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Génériques (1990). Presse et mémoire : France des étrangers, France des libertés (in French). Éditions de l'Atelier. ISBN 978-2908833003..
- Hafez, Sabry (1993). The Genesis of Arabic Narrative Discourse: a Study in the Sociology of Modern Arabic Literature. Saqi Books. ISBN 978-0-86356-149-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Journal asiatique (in French). Société asiatique. 1875.
- Kuroki, Hidemitsu (1993). "The Orthodox-Catholic Clash in Aleppo in 1818". Orient. 29: 1–18. doi:10.5356/orient1960.29.1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Strakers' Annual Mercantile, Ship & Insurance Register. S. Straker & Sons. 1862.
- Wielandt, Rotraud (1992). "Fransis Fathallah Marrashs Zugang zum Gedankengut der Aufklärung und der französischen Revolution". In van Gelder, Geert Jan; de Moor, Ed (eds.). The Middle East and Europe: Encounters and Exchanges (in German). Rodopi Publishers. ISBN 978-90-5183-397-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Zeidan, Joseph T. (1995). Arab Women Novelists: the Formative Years and Beyond. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-2172-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)