Abdal-Latif Mirza (c. 1420 – 9 May 1450) was the great-grandson of Central Asian emperor Timur. He was the third son of Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler of Transoxiana (modern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and parts of Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan).

'Abd al-Latif
Reign27 October 1449— 9 May 1450
PredecessorUlugh Beg
SuccessorAbdullah Mirza
Born1420
Died9 May 1450 (aged 30)
Samarqand
Burial
SpouseShah Sultan Agha
IssueAbdul Razaq Mirza
Ahmad Mirza
Mahmud Mirza
Juki Mirza
Muhammad Baqir Mirza
Qatak Sultan Begum
Full name
Abd al-Latif ibn Muhammad Taraghay Ulughbek
HouseTimurid Empire
DynastyTimurid
FatherUlugh Beg
MotherRuqaiya Sultan Agha
ReligionShia Islam

Early yearsEdit

Having been given the governorship of Balkh, Abdal-Latif Mirza served under his father. During the succession struggle that followed the death of Shah Rukh, he occupied Herat, although after Ulugh Beg left the city at the end of 1448 it was conquered by Abul-Qasim Babur Mirza.

Abdal-Latif Mirza did not remain loyal to his father. Angry over the fact that he was to be passed over in the transfer of rule of Samarkand, he revolted while Ulugh Beg was marching to retake Khorasan. He defeated his father at Dimashq, near Samarkand, in the fall of 1449.

Ulugh Beg later decided to surrender himself, and Abdal-Latif Mirza granted him permission to take a pilgrimage to Mecca, but while Ulugh Beg was on his way he was murdered by his son on the latter's order.

This earned Abdal-Latif Mirza the infamous nickname "Padarkush" (from Persian "killer of his father، پدر کش"). A few days later he also had his brother 'Abd al-'Aziz killed.

DeathEdit

In this manner he became ruler of Transoxiana. A somewhat pious person, he gained the support of the local religious groups, but this did not save him from a conspiracy hatched against him by the amirs. His reign lasted for only six months. He was succeeded by his cousin Abdullah Mirza.

Personal lifeEdit

Consort
  • Shah Sultan Agha, daughter of Muhammad Musharaf son of Hamid, a Mughal Amir;
Sons
  • Abul Razaq Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Ahmad Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Mahmud Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Juki Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Muhammad Baqir Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
Daughter

Qatak Sultan Begum - with Shah Sultan Agha;

Abdal-Latif Mirza
Preceded by
Ulugh Beg
Timurid Empire (in Samarkand) Succeeded by
Abdullah Mirza