The AC72 (America's Cup 72 class) is a wingsail catamaran box rule, governing the construction and operation of the yachts to be used in the 2013 Louis Vuitton Cup and the 2013 America's Cup. The class was subsequently replaced by the smaller AC50 class.
Team New Zealand AC72, San Francisco Bay
|Draft||4.4 m (14 ft)|
|Hull weight||5,900 kg (13,000 lb)|
|LOA||26.2 m (86 ft)|
|LWL||22.0 m (72.2 ft)|
|Beam||14.0 m (45.9 ft)|
|Mast length||40.0 m (131.2 ft)|
|Mainsail area||260 m2 (2,800 sq ft) (wing estimate)|
|Upwind sail area||580 m2 (6,200 sq ft) (wing and gennaker estimate)|
Following the 2010 America's Cup, where the Golden Gate Yacht Club's USA 17 trimaran defeated the catamaran Alinghi 5, it was decided by the winners that the next America's Cup competition would be sailed in catamarans in the hope of making the sport more attractive to television audiences. At the same time a smaller sister class, the AC45, was developed to allow teams to practice and adjust to the new formula as well as create a greater exposure of sailing to the general public with the America's Cup World Series.
The AC72 has the following maximum specifications:
- overall length: 26.2 metres (86 ft)
- waterline length: 22.0 metres (72.2 ft)
- beam: 14.0 metres (45.9 ft)
- weight: 5,900 kilograms (13,000 lb)
- maximum draught: 4.4 metres (14 ft)
- crew: 11
The AC72 was expected to sail faster than the wind: upwind at 1.2 times the speed of the true wind, and downwind at 1.6 times the speed of the true wind. But in fact it proved faster, averaging about 1.8 times the speed of the wind with peaks slightly over 2.3. Emirates Team New Zealand sailed at 44.15 knots (81 km/h, 50 mph) in 15.8 knots of wind (2.79 times the wind speed) on July 18, 2013.
Typical racing speeds are over 30 knots (55 km/h, 34 mph) with the boats capable of sailing well over 40 knots (74 km/h, 46 mph) in the right conditions. The fastest race speed recorded was on Emirates Team New Zealand which was 47.57 knots (88 km/h, 55 mph) in 21.8 knots of wind (2.2 times the wind speed) on September 24, 2013.
The boats have been used in the 2013 Louis Vuitton Cup and the 2013 America's Cup. By mid-June 2013, all boats had "lined up" and conducted trials against each other on the planned race track in San Francisco Bay, notably Oracle Team USA vs. Artemis Racing and Emirates Team New Zealand vs. Luna Rossa Challenge. 
List of AC72 catamaransEdit
|Emirates Team New Zealand||Cookson Boats||21 July 2012||New Zealand||Boat #1. Hydrofoiling capability. Decommissioned.|
|Oracle Team USA||Oracle Racing||30 August 2012||17||Boat #1. Extensively damaged in a 16 October 2012 capsize. Relaunched 4 February 2013. Hydrofoiling capability.|
|Luna Rossa||Persico Marine||26 October 2012||Luna Rossa||Sistership to Team New Zealand boat #1. Hydrofoiling capability.|
|Artemis Racing||King Marine||3 November 2012||Big Red||Boat #1. Underwent improvements between 13 February and 22 March 2013. Deemed a "complete loss" on 9 May 2013 capsize resulting in the death of crew member Andrew Simpson.|
|Emirates Team New Zealand||Cookson Boats||3 February 2013||New Zealand Aotearoa||Boat #2. Hydrofoiling capability.|
|Oracle Team USA||Oracle Racing||23 April 2013||Oracle Team USA 17||Boat #2. Hydrofoiling capability. now exhibited at the Mariners' Museum in Virginia.|
|Artemis Racing||King Marine||22 July 2013||Big Blue||Boat #2. Hydrofoiling capability.|
On 17 October 2012, Oracle Racing's AC72 pitchpoled (somersaulted) and capsized, causing severe damage to the yacht. The wingsail was completely destroyed while being swept under the Golden Gate Bridge by a strong ebb tide.
- "America's Cup 2013 - AC72 Catamaran Class Rule Released" (Press release). Cupinfo. 15 October 2010.
- Elias, Paul; Wilson, Bernie (9 May 2013). "British sailor dies during America's Cup practice". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2014-07-04.
- "AC72 Class Rule". America's Cup Official Race Notice Board. Archived from the original on 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- "AC34 Multihull Class Rule Concept Document" (PDF). 34th America's Cup. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "New high performance yachts for 34th America's Cup" (PDF). 34th America's Cup. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "Emirates Team New Zealand gets leg up on ORACLE TEAM USA". 2012-13 America's Cup Event Authority. 7 September 2013. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Kiwis Reach Record Speed in AC 72-Foot Catamaran". NBC. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
- "Day 14 Racing Blog". America's Cup. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Line-up spurs Artemis Racing into 'improvements'". America's Cup. 22 February 2013. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013.
- "Two up on San Francisco Bay". 13 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013.
- Johnstone, Duncan (17 October 2012). "Oracle's AC72 catamaran badly damaged". Stuff.co.nz.
- Fitzpatrick, Lynn (8 August 2013). "No Excuse for Another America's Cup Death". World Regattas. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Johannsen, Dana (20 March 2013). "Team NZ play down setback". The New Zealand Herald.
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