A2 autostrada (Poland)

The autostrada A2 in Poland, officially named Autostrada Wolności (Motorway of Freedom),[1] is a motorway which runs from the Polish-German border in Świecko/Frankfurt (connecting to A12 autobahn), through Poznań and Łódź to Warsaw and, in the future, to the Polish-Belarusian border in Terespol/Brest (connecting to M1 highway).[2] The motorway is a part of the European route E30 connecting Berlin and Moscow.

Autostrada A2 shield}}

Autostrada A2
Autostrada Wolności
  Existing sections
  Under construction
  Planned sections
Route information
Part of E30
Maintained by * GDDKiA
Length475.0 km (295.2 mi)
610 km (379 mi) planned
Major junctions
FromBundesautobahn 12 number.svg – border with Germany at Świecko
 S3-PL.svg near Świebodzin

S5-PL.svg S11-PL.svg west of Poznań
S11-PL.svg in Poznań
S5-PL.svg east of Poznań
S14-PL.svg near Zgierz (planned)
A1-PL.svg near Łódź
S2-PL.svg S7-PL.svg S8-PL.svg west of Warsaw
S2-PL.svg S17-PL.svg east of Warsaw

S19-PL.svg near Międzyrzec Podlaski (planned)
ToM1-BY.svg – border with Belarus at Kukuryki, near Terespol/Brest (planned)
Major citiesPoznań, Łódź, Warszawa (Warsaw – Capital city & biggest city in Poland)
Highway system
National roads in Poland
Tarnawa toll plaza
A2 near Poznań, opened in 2003. The picture shows motorway before six-lane expansion done in 2019
A2 near Poznań Komorniki interchange, before the six-lane expansion done in 2019
A2 near Kleszczewo (east of Poznań), opened in 2003.
Ticket machine at Gołuski toll plaza
Toll price list (section Gołuski-Tarnawa)

The motorway between German border and Warsaw (452 km) was constructed in years 2001 – 2012 (with one fragment, 48 km, in 1977 – 1988) and is now complete. Most of the stretch from the border to Łódź is tolled, with fees being collected in toll booths across the motorway.

A2 does not formally run through Warsaw itself, instead turning into S2 Expressway (partially completed). Eastwards from Warsaw, A2 is being gradually extended. The first 21 kilometres (13 mi) segment of this section is the bypass of Mińsk Mazowiecki, which opened in August 2012. The second, 14.6 kilometres (9.1 mi) long segment between Mińsk Mazowiecki and Warsaw, will be completed in 2020. The longest section from Mińsk Mazowiecki to Biała Podlaska (101 kilometres (63 mi)) is planned to be completed by 2024. The last segment to the Belarusian border (32 kilometres (20 mi)) might be completed by 2025,[3] but the precise schedule will depend on government funding decisions.


Motorway section Length Construction dates Note
ŚwieckoNowy Tomyśl 105.9 km (65.8 mi) 2009–2011 opened 1 December 2011; toll motorway
Nowy Tomyśl – Poznań Komorniki 50.4 km (31.3 mi) 2001–2004 opened 27 October 2004; toll motorway on Nowy Tomyśl – Poznań Zachód stretch
Poznań Komorniki – Poznań Krzesiny 13.3 km (8.3 mi) 2001–2003 opened 13 September 2003; widened to 2x3 lanes in 2019
Poznań Krzesiny – Września 37.5 km (23.3 mi) 2001–2003 opened 27 November 2003; toll motorway on Poznań Wschód – Września stretch
Września – Golina 34.2 km (21.3 mi) 1977–1985 opened 9 October 1985; toll motorway since 20 December 2002
Golina – Modła 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 1986–1988 opened 10 November 1988
Modła – Stryków 103 km (64 mi) 2004–2006 opened 26 July 2006; toll motorway on Konin Wschód – Stryków stretch since 1 July 2011
Stryków – Łódź Północ 1.7 km (1.1 mi) 2008 opened 22 December 2008
Łódź Północ – Grodzisk Mazowiecki 73.4 km (45.6 mi) 2010–2012 opened to traffic June 2012, fully completed in fall of 2012;[4][5] planned widening to 2x3 lanes
Grodzisk MazowieckiKonotopa 17.4 km (10.8 mi) 2010–2012 opened in May 2012;[6][7] planned widening to 2x3 lanes
S2 in Warsaw (Konotopa – Lubelska)
Lubelska – Choszczówka Stojecka 14.6 km (9.1 mi) 2018 – summer 2020 Contracts signed in July, 2017
Choszczówka StojeckaKałuszyn 20.8 km (12.9 mi) 2009–2012 opened 29 August 2012 (Mińsk Mazowiecki bypass)
Kałuszyn – Siedlce 37 km (23 mi) 2021–2023 Design&Build tenders ongoing
Siedlce – Biała Podlaska (border) 63.5 km (39.5 mi) 2022–2024 Pre-design ongoing; Design&Build tenders planned in 2020[8]
Biała Podlaska – Kukuryki (border) 32 km (20 mi) Possibly to be finished by 2025 depending on funding decisions[3] Pre-design ongoing

History of constructionEdit

The first highway planned along part of this route was a Reichsautobahn initiated by Nazi Germany to connect Berlin with Poznań (Posen). The construction of this highway, accelerated after Poznań was incorporated into Germany following the Invasion of Poland in 1939, was interrupted by the war and never finished, but traces of its earthworks were clearly visible on satellite photographs for decades afterwards, especially between the border with Germany and Nowy Tomyśl. Most of these traces have now disappeared as the modern motorway was built largely following the same route. A short stretch of the uncompleted highway between the border and Rzepin was finished as a dual carriageway road after 1945, in effect forming an extension of the German A 12 highway (opened as a Reichsautobahn in the 1930s). Except for this stretch, the construction work was not continued in the decades after the war.

New plans to build the A2 motorway were seriously formulated in communist Poland in the 1970s, possibly with the goal of completing it in time for the Moscow Olympics in 1980. Because of the economic crisis which hit the country in the late 1970s and continued throughout the 1980s, only a 50 km (31 mi) section from Września to Konin was opened in the 1980s. Construction of another stretch (between Łódź and Warsaw) was started and then abandoned, leaving an interesting ruin informally named Olimpijka, which was in turn demolished around 2010 when building of the motorway resumed.

Intensive construction of the motorway started only in 2001 after the fall of communism in Poland in 1989. Out of the planned total length of 610 km (380 mi), 359 km (223 mi) have been completed. A section of about 150 km (93 mi) (Nowy TomyślPoznańWrześniaKonin) has been fully open since 2004. This section is a toll road, with the exception of a short stretch through Poznań which serves as that city's bypass (between the interchanges at Głuchowo and Kleszczewo). An additional 100 km (62 mi) section from Konin to Stryków near Łódź was opened on 26 July 2006. A short 4.8 km (3.0 mi) bypass of Stryków, consisting of a 2 km extension of the A2 and a provisional single carriageway section of future motorway A1, was opened in December 2008, to ease the heavy traffic in that town generated when the motorway reached it.

As of winter 2009/2010, the plan was to finish the whole section between the border with Germany and Warsaw by the Spring of 2012, giving the Polish capital its first motorway connection to the European motorway network in time for the Euro 2012 football championships. That ambitious goal was jeopardised due to various difficulties encountered in finalizing the construction contracts and the delays that resulted. The 90 km (56 mi) section from Stryków to Warsaw was to be built in a public-private partnership, but the negotiations between the government and private companies interested in participating collapsed in February 2009 due to disputes over financing terms.[9] It was then decided that this section of the motorway would be built using public funds alone. The new bidding process was started on 27 March,[10] and the contracts for design and construction of the road were signed on 28 September.[11] The section had been divided into 5 parts and so construction work began in 2010. The contractors were required to have the motorway open to traffic in time for Euro 2012. This goal was an ambitious one and ultimately proved challenging, given the possibility of unexpected delays during construction[12] and the fact that the Chinese consortium abandoned the project less than a year later,[13] so that new contractors had to be selected to replace it. The goal was to have this motorway stretch provisionally opened to traffic in time for Euro 2012, even if it's not fully completed, with various restrictions such as a lower speed limit to ensure safety. For a while it was not clear whether even this limited goal would be reached, but the motorway opened to traffic in June 2012 after very intensive construction work in the final few months.

In November 2011 construction of the stretch to the German border from Nowy Tomyśl had been completed. The road was opened to public traffic on 1 December. Toll plazas on this stretch of the highway weren't opened until May 2012 so use of the western section of the A2 was free of charge until then.[14]

In May 2013, Interchange with S3 (Jordanowo) was opened to traffic.[15] First stretch is between the interchange with the A2 motorway and the "Świebodzin North" interchange. In June 2013 S3 was extended further and opened to traffic to reach from the "Świebodzin South" interchange to the existing stretch of the S3 expressway at Sulechów. In July 2013 the elevated bypass of Świebodzin between the interchanges "Świebodzin North" and "Świebodzin South" fully opened to traffic thus fully extending the S3 from Szczecin to Sulechów.[16]

Guarantee scandalEdit

After COVEC withdrew from completing its construction of the A2, Bank of China was to pay a performance guarantee to the Polish government's roads organization GDDKiA. However, with Export-Import Bank of China, they refused to pay this; only Deutsche Bank honored its obligations under the court decision.[17]


The eastern section from Warsaw to the border crossing with Belarus at Kukuryki near Brest (connecting with M1), about 170 km (110 mi) in length, is still largely in planning stages. The decision finalizing the route of this section was announced in December 2011,[18] the exception having been a short (21 km (13 mi) long) section of A2 forming the bypass of Mińsk Mazowiecki which has been under construction since August 2009. It opened to traffic in August 2012.[19] The section between Warsaw and Mińsk Mazowiecki is planned to be opened in 2020.[20] The tenders for section between Mińsk Mazowiecki and Siedlce have been announced in 2019.[21] The remaining section east of Siedlce is said to be planned for completion by 2025.[3]

It is worth noting that the A2 motorway doesn't actually run through Warsaw, as the inhabitants of the districts through which it was to pass have successfully blocked its construction. This outcome was somewhat unusual, since the corridor for the motorway has been reserved by the city planners since the 1970s and kept free of construction. Instead, the traffic will be rerouted through two express roads (S2 and S8), of lower standard than the originally planned motorway. Paradoxically, one of these roads (S2) will run along the originally planned motorway corridor, so the residents who protested the construction will still end up with a busy road running through their districts, possibly even more inconvenient than the original road would have been. In the most affected area, the district of Ursynów, the express road will run in a tunnel, which will be built at considerable expense.

Exit listEdit

  A12  E30 Frankfurt, Berlin
  (0) Frankfurt/Świecko border crossing

Stretch Świecko border crossing – interchange Świecko signed as   DK 2

  (1) Świecko   DK 29
    Services Glinec (dir. Świecko)
    Services Sosna(dir. Warszawa)
  (2) Rzepin   DK 92
  () Road toll Tarnawa
  (3) Torzym   DW 138 (  toll)
    Services Walewice (dir. Świecko)
    Services Koryta (dir. Warszawa)
  (4) Interchange Jordanowo   S3  E65 (  toll)
  (5) Trzciel (  toll)
  (6) Nowy Tomyśl   DW 305 (  toll)
  Wytomyśl (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Kozielaski (dir. Warszawa) parking area
    Services Sędzinko (dir. Świecko)
    Services Zalesie (dir. Warszawa)
  (7) Buk   DW 307 (  toll)
  Dopiewiec (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Konarzewo (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  () Road toll Gołuski
  (8) Interchange Poznań – Zachód   S5  E261   S11
  (9) Interchange Poznań – Komorniki   DW 196
  Tunnel under railway line in Luboń 130 m
  (10) Poznań – Luboń   DW 430
  Lucjan Ballenstaedt's bridge over Warta river 306 m
  Bridge over railway line in Poznań
  (11) Interchange Poznań – Krzesiny   S11   DW 433
    Services Tulce (dir. Świecko)
    Services Krzyżowniki (dir. Warszawa)
  (12) Interchange PoznańWschód   S5  E261
  () Road toll Nagradowice
  Chwałszyce (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Targowa Górka (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  (13) Września   DK 92
  Sołeczno (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Gozdowo (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  Skarboszewo (dir. Świecko) parking area
  (15) Słupca   DW 466 (  partially toll)
  Lądek (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  () Road toll Lądek
  (16) Sługocin   DW 467
  Bridge over Warta river 250 m
    Services Osiecza
  (17) Interchange Modła (KoninZachód)  DK 25
  (18) Konin – Wschód   DK 72
  () Road toll Żdżary
  Kuny (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Leonia (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  (19) Koło   DW 470 (  toll)
  Police (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Łęka (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  Bridge over Warta river
  Sobótka (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Cichmiana (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  (20) Dąbie   DW 473 (  toll)
  Kozanki (dir. Świecko) parking area
  Zaborów (dir. Warszawa) parking area
  (21) Wartkowice   DW 703 (  toll)
    Services Chrząstów Północ (dir. Świecko)
    Services Chrząstów Południe (dir. Warszawa)
  (22) Emilia   DK 91; planned   S14 (  toll)
  Ciosny parking area
  (22) Zgierz   DW 702 (  toll)
  () Road toll Stryków
  (23) Stryków   DK 14   DK 71
  (24) Interchange Łódź-Północ   A1  E75
    Services Nowostawy (dir. Świecko)
    Services Niesułków (dir. Warszawa)
  (25) Łowicz   DW 704
    Services Parma (dir. Świecko)
    Services Polesie (dir. Warszawa)
  (26) Skierniewice   DK 70
    Services Bolimów (dir. Świecko)
    Services Mogiły (dir. Warszawa)
  Interchange Centralny Port Komunikacyjny   A50  S50 (planned)
  (27) Wiskitki (Żyrardów)   DK 50
    Services Baranów Północ (dir. Świecko)
    Services Baranów Południe (dir. Warszawa)
  (28) Grodzisk Mazowiecki   DW 579
    Services Brwinów Północ (dir. Świecko)
    Services Brwinów Południe (dir. Warszawa)
  (29) Pruszków   DW 719
  (30) Interchange Konotopa   S8  E67

Road will continue as   S2  E30Southern Warsaw Bypass.
After bypassing Warsaw, road will continue as   A2

    Interchange Warszawa – Wschód   DK 2  E30 (under construction)
      Rest area Kobierna (under construction)
      Rest area Rysie (under construction)
  Interchange   A50  S50 (planned)
  (32) Mińsk Mazowiecki – Arynów
  (33) Mińsk Mazowiecki – Airport   DK 50
      Rest area (under construction)
      Rest area (under construction)
  (34) Ryczołek   DK 2  E30
  Parking area (planned)
  Parking area (planned)
  Kotuń (planned)
  Siedlce – Swoboda   DK 2  E30 (planned)
  Siedlce – Białki   DK 63 (planned)
    Rest area (planned)
    Rest area (planned)
  Interchange Łukowisko   S19 (planned)
    Rest area (planned)
    Rest area (planned)
  Biała Podlaska – Zachód (planned)
  Biała Podlaska – Wschód (planned)
  Parking area (planned)
  Parking area (planned)
  Kukuryki   DK 68 (planned)
  (-) Border crossing KukurykiKazlovichy
  M1  E30
Minsk, Moscow

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "A2 – "Autostradą Wolności"". prezydent.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on 6 June 2014.
  2. ^ Official GDDKiA information page
  3. ^ a b c https://www.bankier.pl/wiadomosc/W-2025-r-autostrada-A2-mamy-doejchac-do-wschodniej-granicy-Polski-7748916.html
  4. ^ Łódzkie odcinki A-2 już otwarte !
  5. ^ A2 – czekały na nią pokolenia…
  6. ^ "Car Travel in Poland". Poland Travel Planner. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Autostrada do Pruszkowa". 22 May 2012.
  8. ^ https://www.gddkia.gov.pl/pl/a/36369/Plan-przetargow-na-2020-rok-W-tym-roku-oglosimy-postepowania-na-realizacje-353-km-nowych-drog
  9. ^ Budowa autostrady A2 do stolicy znów się opóźni(in Polish)
  10. ^ "Budowa autostrady A2" (PDF). inżynieria.com. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  11. ^ www.newsweek.pl(in Polish)
  12. ^ Rząd przejmuje budowę autostrady A2 Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Polish)
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "Autostrada Wielkopolska – News Drivers". Autostrada Wielkopolska. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
  15. ^ "Węzeł Jordanowo od 27 maja otwarty".
  16. ^ "Obwodnica Świebodzina w ciągu S3 oddana do ruchu".
  17. ^ "COVEC nie zraził się porażką na A2 i z chińskimi bankami startuje do Kozienic". 20 January 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  18. ^ Official announcement from GDDKiA website
  19. ^ Autostrada gotowa, więc jej nie otworzą. "Trudny grunt"
  20. ^ Polish government planning decision
  21. ^ https://www.rynekinfrastruktury.pl/wiadomosci/drogi/a2-minsk-mazowiecki--siedlce-jest-trzeci-przetarg-68917.html

External linksEdit