9 Pegasi (9 Peg) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. Its apparent magnitude is 4.35.

9 Pegasi
Pegasus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of 9 Peg (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Pegasus
Right ascension  21h 44m 30.69581s[1]
Declination +17° 21′ 00.0571″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.35[2]
Spectral type G5Ib[3]
U−B color index +0.96[2]
B−V color index +1.17[2]
Radial velocity (Rv)−23.11[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 8.66[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −11.33[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)3.52 ± 0.22[1] mas
Distance276[5] pc
Absolute magnitude (MV)~−3[6]
Mass7.1[3] M
Radius61[5] R
Luminosity1,950[7] L
Surface gravity (log g)1.58[3] cgs
Temperature4,910[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−0.04[6] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)10[3] km/s
Other designations
9 Peg, HR 8313, BD+16°4582, HD 206859, SAO 107365, HIP 107348
Database references

9 Pegasi is defined and used as an MK standard star for the spectral type G5 Ib.[8][9] It is a yellow supergiant nearly two thousand times more luminous than the sun and sixty times larger. It has been reported to be slightly variable and is listed in the New Catalogue of Suspected Variable Stars with a magnitude range of 4.20 to 4.35.[10]

9 Pegasi does not have a Bayer designation although it is brighter than several stars in Pegasus that do such as τ, φ, and σ Pegasi. It is the 9th star numbered by Flamsteed in order of right ascension. In the 1795 French-language Fortin-Flamsteed edition of the Atlas Coelestis, 9 Pegasi is labelled with the letter "g".[11]


  1. ^ a b c d e Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c Ducati, J. R. (2002). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson's 11-color system". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues. 2237. Bibcode:2002yCat.2237....0D.
  3. ^ a b c d e Lyubimkov, Leonid S.; Lambert, David L.; Kaminsky, Bogdan M.; Pavlenko, Yakov V.; Poklad, Dmitry B.; Rachkovskaya, Tamara M. (2012). "Lithium abundance in atmospheres of F- and G-type supergiants and bright giants". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427: 11. arXiv:1212.6057. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427...11L. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21617.x.
  4. ^ Soubiran, C.; Bienaymé, O.; Mishenina, T. V.; Kovtyukh, V. V. (2008). "Vertical distribution of Galactic disk stars. IV. AMR and AVR from clump giants". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 480: 91. arXiv:0712.1370. Bibcode:2008A&A...480...91S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078788.
  5. ^ a b Van Belle, G. T.; Creech-Eakman, M. J.; Hart, A. (2009). "Supergiant temperatures and linear radii from near-infrared interferometry". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 394 (4): 1925. arXiv:0811.4239. Bibcode:2009MNRAS.394.1925V. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14146.x.
  6. ^ a b Kovtyukh, V. V.; Gorlova, N. I.; Belik, S. I. (2012). "Accurate luminosities from the oxygen λ7771-4 Å triplet and the fundamental parameters of F-G supergiants". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 423 (4): 3268. arXiv:1204.4115. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.423.3268K. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21117.x.
  7. ^ McDonald, I.; Zijlstra, A. A.; Boyer, M. L. (2012). "Fundamental parameters and infrared excesses of Hipparcos stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427: 343. arXiv:1208.2037. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x.
  8. ^ Morgan, William Wilson; Keenan, Philip Childs; Kellman, Edith (1943). "An atlas of stellar spectra, with an outline of spectral classification". Chicago. Bibcode:1943assw.book.....M.
  9. ^ Eggen, Olin J. (1951). "Photoelectric Studies. V. Magnitudes and Colors of Classical Cepheid Variable Stars". Astrophysical Journal. 113: 367. Bibcode:1951ApJ...113..367E. doi:10.1086/145405.
  10. ^ Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/gcvs. Originally published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S.
  11. ^ Flamsteed, John; Fortin, Jean Nicolas; De Lalande, Joseph Jerome Lefrancais (1795). "Atlas celeste". Paris : Delamarche. Bibcode:1795atce.book.....F.