7th millennium BC

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The 7th millennium BC spanned the years 7000 through 6001 BC. During this time, agriculture spread from Anatolia to the Balkans.

  • 70th century BC
  • 69th century BC
  • 68th century BC
  • 67th century BC
  • 66th century BC
  • 65th century BC
  • 64th century BC
  • 63rd century BC
  • 62nd century BC
  • 61st century BC
Jiahu symbols from 6600 BC, Henan, China

World population begins to grow at an exponential pace due to the Neolithic Revolution, reaching perhaps 10 million.[1]

In the agricultural communities of the Middle East, the cow was domesticated and use of pottery became common, spreading to Europe and South Asia, and the first metal (gold and copper) ornaments were made.



This stone mask from the pre-ceramic neolithic period dates to 7000 BC and is probably the oldest mask in the world (Musée de la bible et Terre Sainte).
Excavations at the South Area of Çatal Höyük
7th millennium BC clay and stone artefacts from the Middle East, on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York
The Neolithic
Fertile Crescent
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Pre-Pottery (A, B)
Qaraoun culture
Tahunian culture
Yarmukian Culture
Halaf culture
Halaf-Ubaid Transitional period
Ubaid culture
Nile valley
Faiyum A culture
Tasian culture
Merimde culture
El Omari culture
Maadi culture
Badari culture
Amratian culture
Arzachena culture
Boian culture
Butmir culture
Cardium Pottery culture
Cernavodă culture
Coțofeni culture
Cucuteni-Trypillian culture
Dudeşti culture
Gorneşti culture
Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture
Hamangia culture
Linear Pottery culture
Malta Temples
Ozieri culture
Petreşti culture
San Ciriaco culture
Shulaveri-Shomu culture
Sesklo culture
Tisza culture
Tiszapolgár culture
Usatovo culture
Varna culture
Vinča culture
Vučedol culture
Neolithic Transylvania
Neolithic Southeastern Europe
Peiligang culture
Pengtoushan culture
Beixin culture
Cishan culture
Dadiwan culture
Houli culture
Xinglongwa culture
Xinle culture
Zhaobaogou culture
Hemudu culture
Daxi culture
Majiabang culture
Yangshao culture
Hongshan culture
Dawenkou culture
Songze culture
Liangzhu culture
Majiayao culture
Qujialing culture
Longshan culture
Baodun culture
Shijiahe culture
Yueshi culture
South Asia
Philippine Jade culture
Capsian culture
Savanna Pastoral Neolithic

farming, animal husbandry
pottery, metallurgy, wheel
circular ditches, henges, megaliths
Neolithic religion


Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit

Environmental changesEdit


  1. ^ Jean-Noël Biraben, "Essai sur l'évolution du nombre des hommes", Population 34-1 (1979), 13-25, estimates 40 million at 5000 BC and 100 million at 1600 BC, for an average growth rate of 0.027% p.a. over the Chalcolithic to Middle Bronze Age.
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, "Melanesian cultures"
  3. ^ "Ancient Pig DNA Study Sheds New Light On Colonization Of Europe By Early Farmers". ScienceDaily. 4 September 2007.
  4. ^ "Isotopic data show farming arrived in Europe with migrants". EurekAlert!. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 11 February 2013.
  5. ^ Barry Cunliffe (2008). Europe Between the Oceans. p. 94.
  6. ^ Maev Kennedy (9 February 2016). "Rotten luck: archaeologists hail 'unique' Mesolithic fermented fish find". The Guardian.
  7. ^ Perkins, Dexter (1969). "Fauna of Çatal Hüyük: Evidence for Early Cattle Domestication in Anatolia". Science. 164 (3876): 177–179.
  8. ^ Roberts, J (1994). History of the World. Penguin.