4 (New York City Subway service)

The 4 Lexington Avenue Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored forest green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

"4" train symbol
Lexington Avenue Express
4 train leaving Harlem on August night.jpg
Bronx-bound 4 train of R142As leaving 125th Street.
Map of the "4" train
Note: dashed line shows late night and limited weekday rush hour service to/from New Lots Avenue
Northern endWoodlawn
Southern endCrown Heights–Utica Avenue (daytime)
New Lots Avenue (late nights & limited rush hour service)
Stations28
54 (late night service)
Rolling stock170 to 180 R142s (17 to 18  trains)
160 to 170 R142As (16 to 17 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
DepotJerome Avenue Yard
Started serviceJune 2, 1917; 103 years ago (1917-06-02)
Route map

Down arrow  4 
Woodlawn
Mosholu Parkway
Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
183rd Street
Burnside Avenue
176th Street
Mount Eden Avenue
170th Street
167th Street
161st Street–Yankee Stadium
149th Street–Grand Concourse
138th Street–Grand Concourse
station bypassed
during peak rush
125th Street MTA NYC logo.svg
switches to local tracks
during late nights
116th Street
110th Street
103rd Street
96th Street
86th Street
77th Street
68th Street–Hunter College
59th Street
51st Street
Grand Central–42nd Street MTA NYC logo.svg
33rd Street
28th Street Handicapped/disabled access
southbound
only
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Astor Place
Bleecker Street
Spring Street
Canal Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall
Up arrow  6   <6> 
Fulton Street
Wall Street
Bowling Green
Up arrow  5  (late evenings and weekends)
Borough Hall
Handicapped/disabled access
northbound only
for 4 and ​5 services
Nevins Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center MTA NYC logo.svg
Bergen Street
Grand Army Plaza
Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum
Franklin Avenue
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston Avenue
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue
Up arrow  4 
( 5  limited)
Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road
Saratoga Avenue
Rockaway Avenue
Junius Street
Pennsylvania Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue
New Lots Avenue
Up arrow  3 
( 4  nights & limited rush hours) ( 2  5  limited)
Legend

Lines used by the "4" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "4" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 4 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The 4 operates at all times. Daytime service operates between Woodlawn in the Bronx and Utica Avenue in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, via the IRT Jerome Avenue Line in the Bronx, express via the Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan, and the IRT Eastern Parkway Line in Brooklyn; limited rush hour service, as well as late night service, is extended beyond Utica Avenue to/from New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn via the IRT New Lots Line. During rush hours in the peak direction, 4 trains skip 138th Street–Grand Concourse.[a] Late night service makes all stops except for Hoyt Street. For up to an hour after evening events that are held at Yankee Stadium, a special downtown-only express service runs between 161st Street–Yankee Stadium and Bowling Green.

Until 1983, rush hour 4 trains originated and terminated at Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Brooklyn.

Service historyEdit

 
Original R12 to R36 end rollsign
 
November 26, 1967-June 1979 bullet

Under the Interborough Rapid TransitEdit

Service on what was later known as the 4 began on June 2, 1917, as the first portion of the IRT Jerome Avenue Line opened between 149th Street—Grand Concourse and Kingsbridge Road. Since the extension of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line between 149th Street and Grand Central was not yet open, this section was served by shuttle trains using elevated train cars.[4] On April 15, 1918, with the extension of the Jerome Avenue Line to Woodlawn, shuttle service was also extended. On July 17, 1918, the Lexington Avenue Line local tracks were opened, allowing another shuttle service to run between 149th Street–Grand Concourse and Grand Central. On August 1, 1918, the entire Jerome and Lexington Avenue Lines were completed and the connection to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at 42nd Street was removed. Trains began running between 167th Street and Bowling Green, with shuttles to Woodlawn.[4]

On December 11, 1921, Lexington Avenue–Jerome Avenue subway trains began running north of 167th Street at all times, replacing elevated trains, which ran to Woodlawn during rush hours, but from then on terminated at 167th Street during non-rush hours.[5]

At a hearing of the New York State Transit Commission on October 15, 1924 about where it planned to allocate the second hundred of 350 new steel cars, it was announced that service on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line from Atlantic Avenue to Livonia Avenue was almost certainly going to be increased by 25 to 50% in the coming six to eight weeks. Two options were discussed at the hearing. The commission, in response to intense requests from riders on the line, called for the introduction of express service between Atlantic Avenue and Utica Avenue on tracks which had been unused since the line's opening in 1920. It proposed extending half of 4 trains from Atlantic Avenue to New Lots Avenue, running express to Utica Avenue. The introduction of express service would have made it possible to run 30 more trains per hour east of Atlantic Avenue (27 trains per hour had been operating), decreasing overcrowding from 325% to 185%. The plan preferred by the IRT was to place 70 cars on the West Side Line for service to Flatbush Avenue, and Pennsylvania Avenue and New Lots Avenue, and 40 additional cars for service along Eastern Parkway.[6]

On November 17, 1924, the Transit Commission ordered the IRT to use 100 new subway cars to increase service by no later than December 1. Among the changes in service ordered was the operation of through service on the 4 between Kingsbridge Road and Woodlawn, eliminating shuttle service.[7] This change was made possible by 20 of the new cars.[8] The Transit Commission headed the IRT's recommendation not to have half of 4 trains run express due to the dangerous operating condition it would have created. The IRT stated that two minutes would not be enough time to turn around trains terminating at Atlantic Avenue while maintaining the headway between trains and that this service pattern would risk train collisions. Operating this service pattern would have required 2 minutes and 45 seconds to turn around trains, which would reduce capacity by 25%. While operating all 4 trains to Utica Avenue would have obviated the problem, the IRT did not have enough cars to run such a service. Instead, the Transit Commission accepted the IRT's plan to allocate 70 new cars to West Side express service to Brooklyn.[9] Express service along Eastern Parkway would start at the earliest in February 1925 when additional new cars arrived.[10]

Beginning on November 4, 1925, 4 trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue during rush hours, from 6:30 to 9:30 a.m. and 5 and 7 p.m., allowing for the introduction of express service along this section of the IRT Eastern Parkway Line.[11][12] This extension was made possible by the delivery of the last of 350 new steel cars.[13] The increased service required 80 cars, or eight trains of ten cars each.[14]

On November 23, 1927, evening 4 service was extended from Atlantic Avenue to Utica Avenue between 7:14 and 8 p.m.. After the Transit Commission determined that this was not a sufficient increase in service, it announced on November 26 that evening 4 service to Utica Avenue would continue until 1 a.m.. This change took place on December 5, and increased service between Atlantic Avenue and Utica Avenue by 100%.[15] The following year, midday 4 service also went to Utica Avenue.[4]

As of 1934, 4 trains ran from Woodlawn to Utica Avenue weekday rush and Saturday morning peak and afternoon, to Atlantic Avenue weekday midday, Saturday morning after the peak, and late nights, and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays. Trains ran express in Manhattan except during late nights, and in Brooklyn. This was the first time the 6 became the Pelham Shuttle between Pelham Bay Park and 125th Street–Lexington Avenue.[citation needed]

On August 20, 1938, Saturday morning after the peak service was extended to Utica Avenue.[citation needed]

Under the New York City Board of TransportationEdit

Beginning on May 10, 1946, all 4 trains were made express during late nights running on 12 minute headways as the 6 went back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time. Previously 4 trains ran local from 12:30 to 5:30am. At this time 4 trains terminated at Atlantic Avenue.[16][17]

Beginning on December 16, 1946, trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to New Lots Avenue during late nights, running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues.[18]

The New York City Board of Transportation, a predecessor to the New York City Transit Authority, began to introduce replacements to older subway cars beginning with the R12 cars in 1948. With these cars, numbers were publicly designated to the former IRT lines. Lexington–Jerome trains were assigned the number 4. By 1964, all cars had the route numbers on them.[19]

During 1950, Saturday morning service was cut back to South Ferry.[citation needed]

Starting on December 15, 1950, four 4 trains began operating during rush hours to Flatbush Avenue on the Nostrand Avenue Line.[20] Also on that day, weekday midday service was cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry. Additionally, on January 18, 1952, 4 service to Atlantic Avenue during weekday middays was restored.[21]

Under the New York City Transit AuthorityEdit

On March 19, 1954, late-night service in Brooklyn became local, but resumed operating express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues on June 29, 1956.[citation needed]

On May 3, 1957, the weekday rush trains to Flatbush Avenue were discontinued, while at the same time evening, Saturday and Sunday afternoon trains were extended to Utica Avenue, while Sunday morning trains were extended to Atlantic Avenue.[citation needed]

Starting on March 1, 1960, late-night 4 trains resumed making all stops in Manhattan; this was the first time the 4 and 6 ran local in Manhattan together late nights. This arrangement ended on October 17, 1965, when the 4 went back express in Manhattan late nights.[citation needed]

Beginning on April 8, 1960, nearly all AM rush hour 4 trains ran to Flatbush Avenue, and PM rush hour 4 trains alternated between Flatbush and Utica Avenues. During weekday evenings and late nights 4 trains also went to Flatbush Avenue, making all stops in Brooklyn.[4]

As a result of the opening of the main portion of the Chrystie Street Connection along the Manhattan Bridge on November 26, 1967, the 4 train was color-coded magenta under the first color scheme. The color coding of lines was introduced as a matter of having a universal system of signage and nomenclature.

By 1972, the 4 began to skip 138th Street weekdays during rush hours in the peak direction which it continues to do (AM to Manhattan and PM from there). At that time, the 4 went to Atlantic Avenue at all times, but was extended to Utica Avenue rush hours running express in Brooklyn along Eastern Parkway. Select 4 trains also ran to Flatbush Avenue rush hours as well running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues, and late-night service made all stops in Brooklyn to Flatbush Avenue.[22]

On May 23, 1976, Sunday morning trains were extended to Utica Avenue, running express in Brooklyn.[citation needed]

Effective June 1979, the 4 train assumed its current line color of forest green as a result of a nomenclature update to assign colors to a trunk line, plus line colors not serving Manhattan.[citation needed]

Beginning on January 13, 1980, all 4 trains resumed operating local in Manhattan during late night hours to replace the 6, which again became the Pelham Shuttle between 125th Street and Pelham Bay Park.[4][23] This service cut affected 15,000 riders, and was criticized by Manhattan Borough President Andrew Stein as no public hearing was held.[24]

On July 10, 1983, rush hour 4 trains were rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to Utica Avenue, and late evening and late night and Sunday morning service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue, making all local stops.[25][26]

On August 29, 1988, weekday midday 4 trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to Utica Avenue, made possible by the termination of 5 service at Bowling Green.[27][4] In addition, service was increased 50% during evenings between 8 p.m. and midnight, on Saturday afternoon and on Sunday between 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. In January 1989, during middays, southbound service resumed operating express between Franklin Avenue and Utica Avenue following the elimination of 5 train layups.[27]

Late night express service was reinstated from January 21, 1990 to October 5 of that year, as a result of the 6 being extended back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time.[27] While late night 6 service to Brooklyn Bridge was permanently restored on October 3, 1999, the 4 continued to run local at those times, providing Lexington Avenue local stations service every ten minutes.[28]

Recent changesEdit

 
Manhattan-bound 4 train of R142s entering 161st Street–Yankee Stadium

From April 2000 to August 2001, midday 4 service was temporarily cut back from Utica Avenue to Atlantic Avenue to accommodate the rebuilding of the IRT New Lots Line.[29] 3 train service was split into two sections to allow for the line to be rebuilt, with transfers available at Utica Avenue. Work took place on weekday middays between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m., and New Lots service operated in one of three ways: shuttle buses replaced trains, all trains operated in both directions on a single track, or shuttle trains ran. 4 trains terminated at Atlantic Avenue when shuttle or single-track trains were in operation.[30]

From June 8, 2009, to June 26, 2009, New York City Transit conducted a pilot program for express Jerome Avenue Line service. During a one hour period, four morning weekday rush hour trains from Woodlawn only stopped at Mosholu Parkway, Burnside Avenue and 149th Street–Grand Concourse before resuming regular service in Manhattan and Brooklyn. The express was expected to save riders 3.5 minutes. The pilot was made possible due to signaling upgrades to the line's center track made as part of the 2005—2009 Metropolitan Transportation Authority Capital Program.[31][32]

On July 6, 2009, select Bronx bound 4 trains began running express from 167th Street to Burnside Avenue to terminate at the latter station before running out of service to the Jerome Yard.

On October 26, 2009, another 4 express pilot program was implemented based on the success of the first and ran until December 11, 2009. This program was the same as the one in June except that express trains stopped at Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College. This express service was expected to cut runtime by four minutes.[33]

As a result of planned repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage in the Clark Street Tube, which carries the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, on weekends from June 17, 2017 to June 24, 2018, the 4 was extended to New Lots Avenue on weekends, making local stops in Brooklyn south of Nevins Street in place of the 3.[34][35]

On November 17, 2019, New York City Transit cut weekday evening 3, 4 and 5 service in order to accommodate planned subway work. This change, which was approved by the MTA Board on June 27, 2019, started late night 4 service to New Lots Avenue, an hour earlier, at 10:30 p.m. instead of 11:30 p.m., replacing 3 service, which was cut back to Times Square–42nd Street. These changes in service were expected to save the agency $0.9 million annually.[36][37]

RouteEdit

Service patternEdit

The following table shows the lines used by the 4, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[38]

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex. nights late nights rush peak
IRT Jerome Avenue Line (full line) Woodlawn 183rd Street local     Most trains
Burnside Avenue 170th Street
express     Limited service (NB only)
167th Street 149th Street–Grand Concourse local      
138th Street–Grand Concourse  
express      
IRT Lexington Avenue Line (full line) 125th Street Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall   Special events (SB only)
local      
Fulton Street Bowling Green all    
Joralemon Street Tunnel
IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line) Borough Hall Nevins Street express
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Crown Heights–Utica Avenue  
local      
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all Limited service

StationsEdit

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.[2]

Station service legend
  Stops all times
  Stops all times except late nights
  Stops late nights only
  Stops late nights and weekends only
  Stops weekdays only
  Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
  Stops rush hours only
  Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)
Time period details
  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
  ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
  ↓
  Elevator access to mezzanine only
 
Wood
 
Burn
 
161
Stations   Subway transfers Connections/Notes
The Bronx
Jerome Avenue Line
  N/A N/A Woodlawn
  Mosholu Parkway
  Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College Some southbound rush hour trips begin at this station
Some northbound p.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station
  Kingsbridge Road Some southbound p.m. rush hour trips begin at this station
  Fordham Road   Bx12 Select Bus Service
  183rd Street
    Burnside Avenue Some northbound rush hour trips terminate at this station
  176th Street
  Mount Eden Avenue
  170th Street
    167th Street
      161st Street–Yankee Stadium   B  D   (IND Concourse Line) Bx6 Select Bus Service
Northern terminus of special event express service
      149th Street–Grand Concourse 2  5   (IRT White Plains Road Line)
    138th Street–Grand Concourse 5  
Manhattan
Lexington Avenue Line
      125th Street   5  6   <6>   Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
  116th Street 6  
  110th Street 6  
  103rd Street 6  
  96th Street 6  
      86th Street  [b] 5  6   <6>   M86 Select Bus Service
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction for the local platform only.
  77th Street 6   M79 Select Bus Service
  68th Street–Hunter College 6  
      59th Street 5  6   <6>  
N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F and <F>N  Q  R   (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
  51st Street   6  
E   (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
      Grand Central–42nd Street   5  6   <6>  
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
S   (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
  33rd Street 6  
  28th Street   ↓ 6   Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
  23rd Street   6   M23 Select Bus Service
      14th Street–Union Square   5  6   <6>  
L   (BMT Canarsie Line)
N  Q  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line)
M14A / M14D Select Bus Service
  Astor Place 6  
  Bleecker Street   6  
D  F   (IND Sixth Avenue Line at Broadway–Lafayette Street)
  Spring Street 6  
  Canal Street   6  
N  Q   (BMT Broadway Line)
J   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
      Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall   5  6   <6>  
J  Z   (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)
      Fulton Street   5  
2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A  C   (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J  Z   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway

PATH at World Trade Center

      Wall Street 5  
      Bowling Green   5   M15 Select Bus Service

Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Southern terminus of two a.m. rush hour trips and special event express service

Brooklyn
Eastern Parkway Line
    N/A Borough Hall   ↑ 5  
2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
N   R  W   (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.
    Nevins Street 2  3   ​​5  
    Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center   2  3   ​​5  
B  Q   (BMT Brighton Line)
D  N  R  W   (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
  Bergen Street 2  
  Grand Army Plaza 2  
  Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum 2  
    Franklin Avenue 2  3   ​​5  
S   (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
  Nostrand Avenue B44 Select Bus Service
  Kingston Avenue
    Crown Heights–Utica Avenue   2  3   ​​5   B46 Select Bus Service
New Lots Line (late nights and select rush hour trips)
    N/A Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 2  3   ​​5   B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
    Saratoga Avenue 2  3   ​​5  
    Rockaway Avenue 2  3   ​​5  
    Junius Street 2  3   ​​5  
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: L   (BMT Canarsie Line at Livonia Avenue)
    Pennsylvania Avenue 2  3   ​​5  
    Van Siclen Avenue 2  3   ​​5  
    New Lots Avenue 2  3   ​​5   B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Trains skip 138th Street southbound between 6:52 and 9 a.m. and skip it northbound between 4:50 and 6:25 p.m.
  2. ^ Only the northbound local platform, served only during late nights, is accessible.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required April 27, 2020" (PDF). The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 63 (6): 14. June 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "4 Subway Timetable, Effective November 17, 2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  3. ^ "mta.info | Line Colors". web.mta.info.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  5. ^ "An Improvement in Service for Passengers on the Jerome Avenue Line North of 167th Street". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. December 11, 1921. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  6. ^ "I.R.T. Will Get Increased Service To Livonia Avenue: Practically Certain That 100 New Cars Will Be Put on Eastern Parkway Line". Brooklyn Times Union. October 16, 1924. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  7. ^ "Transit Board Orders I.R.T. To Increase Service: Demands More Trains in Rush Hour by Use of New Cars". Brooklyn Times Union. November 17, 1924. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  8. ^ "100 I.R.T. Cars To Be Used On Borough Lines". The Brooklyn Citizen. November 17, 1924. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  9. ^ "Orders I.R.T. to Improve Service". Brooklyn Standard Union. November 17, 1924. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  10. ^ "Hundred I.R.T. Cars To Bring Big Relief In Eastern Parkway: New Equipment, Recently Delivered, Will Increase Service 30 Per Cent. On Important Borough Lines, Commissioner McAneny Announces. Opening of Express Service Between Utica and Atlantic Aves. Off 3 Months". The Brooklyn Citizen. November 17, 1924. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  11. ^ "Increased I.R.T. Subway Service in Brooklyn". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. November 1925. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  12. ^ "At Least I.R.T. Expresses Will Run Under Parkway: Two Tracks Will End Their Long Career of Idleness a Week from Wednesday". Brooklyn Standard Union. October 25, 1925. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  13. ^ "More I.R.T. Trains For Rush Hours To Operate Tomorrow: Brooklyn Gets Improved Service at cost of $3,000,000—President Hedley Makes Inspection Trip". Brooklyn Standard Union. November 3, 1925. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  14. ^ "I.R.T. Will Start Express Service In Boro Nov. 4: Ninety New Cars Added on Flatbush Ave. and Eastern Parkway Lines. Rush Hour Aid First. Three Million Dollar Outlay Will Mean 20 to 100 P.C. Better Handling of Crowds". Brooklyn Times Union. October 25, 1925. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  15. ^ "100 P.C. Increase In I.R.T. Service: More Trains on Schedule Between Atlantic and Utica Avenues at Night". Brooklyn Times Union. November 27, 1927. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  16. ^ "24-Hour Express Service on IRT To Become Effective at Midnight" (PDF). New York Times. May 9, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  17. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. hdl:2027/mdp.39015023094926.
  18. ^ "City to Increase Subway Service On the IRT and BMT Lines Today" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  19. ^ "Line Names". thejoekorner.com. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  20. ^ "Brooklyn I.R.T. Change; 4 Lexington Avenue Expresses to Serve Flatbush Station" (PDF). The New York Times. December 15, 1950. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  21. ^ "Changes on I.R.T. Set: Additional Express Service on Brooklyn, Flushing Lines Day" (PDF). New York Times. January 10, 1952. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  22. ^ "1972 New York City Subway Map". nycsubway.org. New York City Transit Authority. 1972. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  23. ^ "January 1980 IRT Service Changes". New York Division Bulletin. December 1979.
  24. ^ "Suit seeks to bar cutbacks on Lexington Ave. subways". New York Daily News. January 11, 1980. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  25. ^ "New IRT Schedules - Increased Service to Flatbush Avenue". New York Division Bulletin. July 1983.
  26. ^ "Notice of Public Hearing". New York Amsterdam News. February 26, 1983. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  27. ^ a b c *Annual Report on 1989 Rapid Routes Schedules and Service Planning. New York City Transit Authority, Operations Planning Department. June 1, 1990. p. 26.
  28. ^
  29. ^ Timetable for subway service on the 4 Train Effective Spring 2000, New York City Transit, April 2000
  30. ^ "Weekly Subway Service Advisories Updated Nov 9, 2000". mta.nyc.ny.us. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2000-11-09. Archived from the original on November 9, 2000. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  31. ^ "MTA New York City Transit Pilots Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. Line" (Press release). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 4, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
  32. ^ "Bronx Express Pilot Program June 8 to 26, Monday to Friday, 7 AM to 8 AM". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 10, 2009. Archived from the original on June 10, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  33. ^ "Bronx Express Phase II October 26 to December 11, Monday to Friday, 7 AM to 8:20 AM". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 22, 2009. Archived from the original on November 22, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  34. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 12, 2016. pp. PDF–169 to PDF–175. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  35. ^ "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  36. ^ "Transit and Bus Committee Meeting June 2019" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2019. p. 94-97. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  37. ^ "5 Subway Timetable Effective November 17, 2019". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 17, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  38. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.

External linksEdit