2 Samuel 22
2 Samuel 22 is one of the final chapters of the Books of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible (or the 22nd chapter of the "Second Book of Samuel" in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible). It contains a Song of Thanksgiving attributed to King David which is almost identical to Psalm 18.
|2 Samuel 22|
|Book||Books of Samuel|
|Hebrew Bible part||Nevi'im|
|Order in the Hebrew part||3|
|Christian Bible part||Old Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||10|
There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), and Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century).
According to Charles and Emilie Briggs in the International Critical Commentary series, Psalm 18 borrowed material from 2 Samuel 22, which may have been written by David himself, with later additions in the psalm by multiple editors adapting it for use in public worship. The Pulpit Commentary suggests that "the introduction – David spoke to the Lord the words of this song on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul – "was probably written by the prophet who compiled the Books of Samuel. The scribe who collected the Book of Psalms would be a priest, and he has repeated it with one or two additions".
Verses 21–25 proclaim David's innocence, pointing (according to biblical commentator Alexander Kirkpatrick) "to the earlier years of David’s reign rather than the later, overclouded as these were by the fatal consequences of his sin" (his adultery with Bathsheba), with its fateful consequences which hung over David for the remainder of his life. Kirkpatrick associates this song with the period of peace described in 2 Samuel 7:1, but after the visit of Nathan when he proclaims God's covenant with David "and his descendants for ever".
- Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
- Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
- Charles Augustus Briggs; Emilie Grace Briggs (1960) . A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms. International Critical Commentary. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 137-141.
- Pulpit Commentary on 2 Samuel 22, accessed 20 August 2017
- Kirkpatrick, A., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on 2 Samuel 22, accessed 20 August 2017
- 2 Samuel 12:10
- 2 Samuel 7:16 cf. 2 Samuel 22:51