2020 in Libya

Events in Libya in 2020

Years in Libya: 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Centuries: 20th century · 21st century · 22nd century
Decades: 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s
Years: 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023

Flag of Libya.svg
2020
in
Libya

Decades:
See also:Other events of 2020
List of years in Libya

IncumbentsEdit

EventsEdit

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

April to JuneEdit

  • April 27 – Khalifa Haftar and the Libyan National Army (LNA) move to seize control of the country and the Kremlin reaffirms its support for a diplomatic solution. Hafter is supported by Russia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt. The Government of National Accord (GNA) is recognized by most other countries internationally.[17]
  • May 6 – Russian mercenaries from the Wagner Group, a Russian paramilitary organization seen as being close to Vladimir Putin, are fighting in Libya, UN diplomats say.[18]
  • May 23 – U.S. President Donald Trump calls upon Turkey President Recep Erdogan to push Khalifa Haftar for de-escalation. Haftar is a U.S. citizen.[19]
  • May 26 – The U.S. (AFRICOM) says Russia has sent fighter jets to Tripoli to support the mercenaries trying to topple the government. Russia says this is ″disinformation.″[20]
  • June 3 – The internationally recognized government of Libya retakes Tripoli International Airport.[21] Egypt and the UAE, both backers of military commander Khalifa Haftar, support the ceasefire announced on June 2.[22]
  • June 12 – Explosive devices, landmines, and mass graves of civilians, many buried alive, are discovered in the city of Tarhuna, Murqub District after the city is taken by GNA forces.[23]
  • June 27 – Ninety-three migrants are rescued off Libyan shores as they tried to reach Europe, but six others died along the way.[24]

July to SeptemberEdit

  • July 10 – Haftar's Libyan National Army allows a tanker to load about 730,000 barrels of crude from the eastern port of Es Sider, with the cargo bound for Italy.[25]
  • July 12 – Khalifa Haftar vows to blockade ports and the National Oil Corp. reimposed force majeure. At least three oil firms stopped production or canceled plans to restart.[25]
  • August 21 – The GNA and the LNA both declared a ceasefire.[26]

October to DecemberEdit

  • November 12 – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reports a shipwreck off the coast of Khums, Libya, which claimed the lives of over 74 migrants. The boat was reported to be carrying over 120 people. Forty-seven survivors have been brought to shore by the coast guard and fishermen. It is the eighth such incident since the beginning of October.[27] [28]
  • November 16 – Libya Civil War: UN-sponsored peace talks failed to establish an interim government by November 16, although both sides pledged to try again in a week.[29]

Events by issueEdit

Turkish troops deployed to LibyaEdit

In January 2020, Turkey sent troops and electronic warfare tools to Libya to defend the existing government there.[30][31] Several countries protested against Turkey's actions including Greece, France, Egypt, and the United States.[32][33][34]

In July, the United States said it had verifiable photographs showing Russia has sent weapons, air defense systems, and mercenaries to Libya in the proxy war. Russia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and France support Khalifa Hifter's forces. Turkey has sent arms and Syrian mercenaries to back the government of Tripoli.[35]

DeathsEdit

See alsoEdit

Specific issuesEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cupolo, Diego (January 2, 2020). "Turkish parliament approves troop deployment to Libya". Al-Monitor.
  2. ^ editor, Patrick Wintour Diplomatic (January 5, 2020). "Turkish troops deploy to Libya to prop up embattled government" – via www.theguardian.com.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-51003034 Libya conflict: Turkey sends troops to shore up UN-backed government,6 January 2020, bbc.
  4. ^ Turkey sends troops and electronic warfare tools to Libya in challenge to rogue general and UAE. Sophisticated radar-jamming system meant to render precision weapons useless. UK Independent, January 6, 2020.
  5. ^ Trump joins Greece, Israel and Cyprus in warning Turkey against sending army to Libya.
  6. ^ Greece, Israel and Cyprus call Turkey's planned Libya deployment 'dangerous escalation', reuters, January 6, 2020.
  7. ^ https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/2/79374/Egypt-talks-Turkey%E2%80%99s-intervention-in-Libya-with-US-EU-ambassadors Egypt talks Turkey’s intervention in Libya with US, EU ambassadors, By: Egypt Today staff Sun, Jan. 5, 2020.
  8. ^ Libya: Haftar's forces capture strategic Sirte. Eastern forces, led by Khalifa Haftar, have announced the capture of the coastal city of Sirte, previously controlled by the Tripoli government. The news comes a day after Turkey deployed troops in support of Tripoli. dw.com, Jan 7, 2020.
  9. ^ Libya conflict: Turkey and Russia call for ceasefire, January 8, 2020, BBC.
  10. ^ "UNSMIL Statement on the first round of Talks of Libyan 5+5 Joint Military Commission in Geneva". UNSMIL. 2020-02-08. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
  11. ^ "Lasting Libya ceasefire: Some consensus, but further talks needed - UN Mission". UN News. 2020-02-08. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
  12. ^ Powers renew pledge to uphold Libya arms embargo AP, 16 Feb 2020
  13. ^ Elumami, Ahmed; Farge, Emma; Laessing, Ulf; Amara, Hani; al-Warfalli, Ayman; Khalek, Hesham Abdul; Laessing, Ulf (February 18, 2020). Heinrich, Mark; Elgood, Giles; Shumaker, Lisa (eds.). "Tripoli government suspends Libya talks after Haftar attacks Tripoli port". Reuters. Libya’s internationally recognized government on Tuesday suspended talks hosted by the United Nations to halt warfare over the capital after eastern forces shelled Tripoli’s port, killing three people and almost hitting a highly explosive gas tanker.
  14. ^ UN envoy for Libya resigns as truce appears to crumble AP, 2 Mar 2020
  15. ^ Libya peace efforts thrown further into chaos as UN envoy quits The Guardian, 2 March 2020
  16. ^ "Libya confirms first coronavirus case amid fear over readiness". Reuters. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Russia still committed to diplomatic process in Libya after Haftar power grab". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved Apr 28, 2020.
  18. ^ "Russian mercenaries are fighting in Libya, UN diplomats confirm". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  19. ^ Friedman, Dan. "What the hell is going on between Donald Trump and an alleged war criminal in Libya?". Mother Jones. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  20. ^ News, A. B. C. "US military says Russia deployed fighter jets to Libya". ABC News. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  21. ^ "Libya's GNA retakes Tripoli airport from Haftar's forces". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  22. ^ "Egypt, UAE welcome resumption of Libya ceasefire talks". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  23. ^ "UN chief shocked at Libya mass graves in recently freed town". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  24. ^ "UN says six migrants dead, dozens rescued off Libya coast". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  25. ^ a b Salma El Wardany; Samer Al-Atrush. "Libyan Oil Industry Thrown Into More Chaos as Haftar Digs In". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  26. ^ "Libya's Tripoli-based government and a rival parliament take steps to end hostilities". Reuters. 21 August 2020.
  27. ^ "More tragedy on the Mediterranean as 74 migrants reportedly drown off Libya coast". UN News. 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  28. ^ "Devastating Shipwreck Off Libya Claims More than 70 Lives: IOM". International Organization for Migration. 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  29. ^ BEN BOUAZZA, BOUAZZA; MAGDY, SAMY (November 16, 2020). "UN-led Libya talks end without naming interim government". yahoo.com. AP. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  30. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-51003034 Libya conflict: Turkey sends troops to shore up UN-backed government,6 January 2020, bbc.
  31. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/turkey-libya-troops-uae-erdogan-haftar-tripoli-a9272116.html Turkey sends troops and electronic warfare tools to Libya in challenge to rogue general and UAE]. Sophisticated radar-jamming system meant to render precision weapons useless. UK Independent, January 6, 2020.
  32. ^ https://greekcitytimes.com/2020/01/03/trump-joins-greece-israel-and-cyprus-in-warning-turkey-against-sending-army-to-libya/ Trump joins Greece, Israel and Cyprus in warning Turkey against sending army to Libya.
  33. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-libya-security-turkey-reaction/greece-israel-and-cyprus-call-turkeys-planned-libya-deployment-dangerous-escalation-idUSKBN1Z20CI Greece, Israel and Cyprus call Turkey's planned Libya deployment 'dangerous escalation'], reuters, January 6, 2020.
  34. ^ https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/2/79374/Egypt-talks-Turkey%E2%80%99s-intervention-in-Libya-with-US-EU-ambassadors Egypt talks Turkey’s intervention in Libya with US, EU ambassadors, By: Egypt Today staff Sun, Jan. 5, 2020.
  35. ^ "US military: Russia ships more military supplies to Libya". AP NEWS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  36. ^ Former Libyan PM Mahmoud Jibril has died from complications related to coronavirus
  37. ^ Former Libyan Interim Prime Minister Keib Dies Aged 70 - Reports
  38. ^ Head of Presidential Council offers condolences for death of MG Sulaiman Al-Abedi