The 2011 Djiboutian protests were widespread demonstrations and riots that took place between January and March 2011 in Djibouti, situated in the Horn of Africa. A member of the Arab League, the protests in Djibouti showed a clear influence from the concurrent Arab Spring protests in North Africa and the Arabian peninsula. The demonstrations ended after mass arrests[1] and the barring of international observers.[2][3]

2011 Djiboutian protests
Part of the Arab Spring
Location Djibouti AW.png
DateJanuary 28, 2011 (2011-01-28) – March 11, 2011 (2011-03-11)
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
Location
GoalsRemove president Ismail Omar Guelleh from power
MethodsDemonstrations, riots.
Resulted inMass arrests of protesters and opposition leaders,[1]
deprivation of international observers[2][3]
Lead figures
At least 2 fatalities
10 injuries

Contents

BackgroundEdit

President of Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh has been in office since 1999, but his government has been in power for 34 years. Recently, Guelleh changed the constitution so that he could have a third term in office. This proved unpopular with the Djiboutian population.[4]

These protests occurred in the months leading up to the Djiboutian presidential election, 2011.

ProtestsEdit

Before February 19Edit

On January 25, thousands of people turned out to protest in Djibouti City. Similar to the events on January 28, only smaller. 300 people gathered in a square in the capital, Djibouti. On February 18, thousands rallied against the president, gathering at a stadium with the intention of staying there until their demands were met. However, the demonstration escalated into clashes after dusk, as police used batons and tear gas against stone-throwing protesters. Officials from the Union for Democratic Change, an umbrella group of three opposition parties, gave speeches at the demonstration calling for Guelleh to step down.[5]

February 19–25Edit

On February 19, clashes were reported to be intensifying.[6] Anti-government protestors clashed with security forces 24 hours after hundreds of demonstrators demanding the president step down hurled stones at riot police who fired back with tear gas. At least one policeman was killed, and sources said one protester had also been killed.[7] The protest leaders were arrested[8] The next day, Djiboutian authorities released three opposition leaders as opponents of President Ismail Guelleh clashed with police.[9]

Leaders of the United Sun Nations, opposition parties and protest organisers were set to meet on February 24 to plan mass protests for the following day. Police acting on behalf of Gulleh arrested 300 organisers during and after the mass protests on February 18, with reports of torture being used to sedate the activists. After the failure of the leaders to turn up on February 24, opposition leader Bourhan Mohammed Ali stated he feared the protests had lost momentum.[1] Protests had been planned for March 4, but it remained to be seen if the Djiboutians would be able to coordinate themselves without the 300 arrested leaders.[1]

February 26 – March 11Edit

On March 3, Djibouti ordered its opposition party to cancel its anti-government protests which were to be held on March 4, 2011 due to a previous rally a month earlier turning violent. Mohammed Daoud, head of the opposition Djibouti Party for Development, said that protests will occur as scheduled.[10] On the 4th soldiers and police filled the streets to prevent the planned demonstration blocking the route to the city's main stadium where they were to have taken place and preventing the protest.[4] A protest was planned for March 11, but security forces scuppered the protest and detained 4 opposition leaders.[11]

CensorshipEdit

On February 9, the President of the Djibouti League of Human Rights was arrested.[3]

On March 21, US election monitors were expelled from the country, whose task would have been to observe the April 2011 presidential election.[2]

ResponseEdit

The United Kingdom's Ministry of Foreign Affairs warned against travel to Djibouti.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d afrol News - Mass arrests stopped further Djibouti protests
  2. ^ a b c Straziuso, Jason (18 March 2011). "Djibouti evicts US vote group ahead of election". Associated Press. Retrieved 24 March 2011.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c "Djibouti: Human rights activist arrested in Djibouti: Jean-Paul Noёl Abdi". Amnesty International. 11 February 2011. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  4. ^ a b Police, army forces in Djibouti prevent protest - Sunday, March 6, 2011 | 3:02 a.m. - Las Vegas Sun[dead link]
  5. ^ "Djiboutians rally to oust president". Aljazeera English. 18 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Djibouti police, protestors face off for second day". INQUIRER.net. 19 February 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Middle East Unrest: Bloody Clashes Between Protesters And Police Claim Dozens Of Lives". Sky News. Retrieved 19 February 2011.[dead link]
  8. ^ "Protests hit Djibouti as opposition leaders held". Reuters. 19 February 2011.
  9. ^ Djibouti Opposition Leaders Free After Anti-Government Protests - Businessweek Archived February 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Richard Lough (3 March 2011). David Clarke (ed.). "Djibouti orders opposition to postpone protest". Reporting by Abdourahem Arteh in Djibouti and Richard Lough in Nairobi. Reuters. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  11. ^ "Djibouti Forces Arrest Opposition Leaders, Scuppering Protests". Bloomberg.com. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  12. ^ Rogers, Simon (23 March 2011). "FCO travel advice mapped: the world according to Britain's diplomats". guardian.co.uk Datablog. London. Retrieved 24 March 2011.