Rafael Nadal did not defend his title as he withdrew from the tournament due to knee tendonitis. Roger Federer won his 6th Wimbledon title defeating rivalAndy Roddick in the final in five sets. Federer's victory marked his fifteenth Grand Slam title, establishing the men's all-time record. Venus Williams was unsuccessful in the title's defence, having been defeated in the final match by her sister Serena, who won her first Wimbledon since 2002.
It was Federer's 3rd title of the year, and his 60th overall. Federer's victory gave him his 15th career Grand Slam title, to make him the most successful male player in Grand Slam history. Watching the Swiss break the record was Pete Sampras, who won 14 Grand Slam titles and was making his first return to Wimbledon since 2002; Björn Borg, who won five consecutive Wimbledon titles (the only other man doing this being Roger Federer himself); and Rod Laver, who won Wimbledon four times.
The match set a record for most games in a men's final (77); the most games won by the losing player (39); and, most games won by the winning player (38).
Swiss Roger Federer established a number of records at the 2009 Wimbledon Championships. By defeating Ivo Karlović in the quarter-finals, Federer reached his 21st consecutive Grand Slam semi-final, having started the streak at Wimbledon in 2004. He then defeated Tommy Haas in the semi-final to reach his seventh consecutive Wimbledon final and his twentieth Grand Slam final, both of these all-time records. Finally, by defeating Andy Roddick in the final, Federer won his fifteenth Grand Slam title, breaking the record of fourteen titles previously set by Pete Sampras. Federer also became the fourth man to complete the rare French Open / Wimbledon double in the Open Era, joining Rod Laver, Björn Borg, and Rafael Nadal (who had completed the feat the previous year and would do so again in 2010).
Among other records set, the men's final between Federer and Roddick had the highest number of viewers in the UK of any Wimbledon final since 2001, peaking at 11.1 million viewers during the last stretch of the match. The 30-game fifth set in the men's final was the longest set in Wimbledon finals history.
The 2009 Championships took place during an extended period of hot, dry weather in southeast England, meaning that it was not until day seven of the tournament (29 June) that the newly constructed Centre Court roof was closed for the first time due to rain, delaying a fourth round match between Amélie Mauresmo and Dinara Safina. The following match between Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka was the first full match to be played under the new roof; owing to the new floodlights, the match continued until 22:38, the latest ever finish in Wimbledon history (this record was broken in 2012 in a third round match between Andy Murray and Marcos Baghdatis, which ended at 23:02). These were the only two matches in which the Centre Court roof was used during the entire 2009 tournament.
The Tennis Integrity Unit (TIU) planned to observe matches played by up to 12 players (some of whom were inside the ATP top 50) throughout the tournament. The TIU has existed since January 2008.
The ATP claimed to have identified Russian and Italian Mafia-related groups behind suspicious betting at other tournaments, although the organisers of the Wimbledon Championships declared that there are no current proceedings against any players.
† Maria Sharapova was ranked 59th on the day seeds were announced, because she had missed the most of 12-month period due to injury. Nevertheless, she was deemed a special case and was seeded 24th by organizers.